A ranar Alhamis, 18 ga watan Maris din shekara ta 2021, masu tantance sahihancin labarai dan gano sahihancin sun a Cibiyar Bunkasa Demokaradiyya da Cigaba (CDD) sun gano wani da ake yadawa ta manhajar WhatsApp. Labarin na cewa yanzu haka gwamnatin tarayya na bada tallafin N30,000 ga jama’a a matsayin tallafi rage radadin da cutar Korona ta haifar a wannan zagaye na biyu da cutar ke kunno kai.
A cewar labarin, za a rika baiwa yan Najeriya naira dubu talatin kowane sati dan cigaba da rayuwa acikin wannan zango na biyu na cutar ta Korona.
Wani bangare na labarin yace: “ku gaggauta dan samun tallafin cigaba da rayuwa na N30,000. Acikin dakiku kadan za ku cika fom din neman wannan tallafi. Ku hanzarta kada ku rasa wannan dama”. An samar da wani adireshin yanar gizo da aka ce shine za a latsa dan cika fom din.
Binciken da masu bin diddigin labarai dan gano sahihancin sun a CDD suka gudanar ya gano cewa ikirarin da labarin yayi cewa gwamnatin tarayya na bada tallafin naira dubu talatin duk sati ga jama’a karya ne.
Binciken har wayau ya gano cewa adireshin yanar gizon da aka bayar acikin labarin adireshi ne na bogi da ke yiwa tarko. Yan damfara ne suka tsara labarin dan zambatan jama’a. idan mutum ya latsa adireshin zai yadda aka wallafa wasu hotuna da nufin daukar hankali da kokarin gaskatawa mutane batun tallafin wadda kuma karya ne.
Bayan kusan kamala bada bayanai acikin shafin, za a bukaci mutum ya dakata ya sanar da akalla wasu mutanen goma kafin ya cigaba, wannan kuma wata alama ce day an damfara ke amfani da ita yaudarar jama’a.
Karin binciken na CDD ya gano cewa, sahihiyar majiyar da ke bada bayanai kan tallafin gwamnatin tarayya kan cutar Korona a karo na biyu itace survivalfund.gov.ng, a wannan shafi ne kadai mutane za su samu gamsassun bayani kan tallafin rage radadin cutar Korona a zagaye na biyu.
Wani labari da sako da ake yadawa ta manhajar WhatsApp da ke ikirarin cewa gwamnatin tarayya na bada tallafin naira dubu talatin duk sati ga yan Najeriya a matsayin daukin zagayen cutar Korona karo na biyu karya ne.
Adireshin yanar gizon da aka samar ajikin sakon adireshi ne na bogi kuma yan damfara ne suka samar dashi dan zambatan jama’a.
CDD na kira ga jama’a da suyi watsi da labarin tare da daina yadashi.
Kuna iya aikowa CDD labaran da kuke da shakku akansu da gano muku gaskiyar su. Za ku iya turo gajeren sako (SMS) ta manhajar WhastApp akan lamba: +2349062910568 ko ku tuntube mu a shafin Twitter a @CDDWestAfrica.
A ranar 10 ga watan Maris din shekara ta 2021, masu bin diddigin labarai dan gano sahihancin sun a Cibiyar Bunkasa Demokaradiyya da Cigaba (CDD) sun gano wani sako da aka wallafa a shafin Facebook da ke ikirarin cewa gwamnatin tarayyar Najeriya ta saye manhajar WhatsApp da ake amfani da ita wajen turawa da karbar sakonni.
Sakon da aka wallafa din ya bayyana cewa gwamnatin tarayya ta saye manhajar ne akan kimanin kudi biliyan uku (kodayake ba a bayyana biliyan ukun na nau’in wane kudi bane).
Sakon ya kara da cewa masu amfani da manhajar su gaggauta barin amfani da ita dan komawa yin amfani “Signal App” saboda a cewar sakon gwamnatin Najeriya za ta ci gaba das aka ido akan abinda mutane ke yi a manhajar ta WhatsApp.
Wani bangare na sakon yace: “Za a rika bin diddigin abinda kake yi! Daina amfani da WhatsApp yanzu-yanzu! Fara yin amfani da Signal App yanzu! Signal App baya bada damar sa ido akan abinda kakeyi”
Binciken da CDD ta aiwatar ya gano cewa gwamnatin Najeriya ba ta saye manhajar WhwatsAppm din ba kamara yadda akayi ikirari.
Karin binciken da CDD ta aiwatar ya gano cewa sakon da wanda wani mai lura da wani shafin Facebook mai suna “Best of Mazi Nnamdi Kanu” ya wallafa shi dandalin Facebook din ya riga ya aiyana shi a matsayin labarin bogi.
Shafin Facebook a martanin da ya mayar game da sakon bogin da aka wallafa din yace tuni wasu masu tantance sahihancin bayanai masu zaman kansu sun tantance shi kuma sun gano cewa karya ne.
Wani karin binciken da zurfafa ya gano cewa, kamfanin sada zumunta da muhawarar na Facebook a martanin day a mayarwa kamfanin dillancin labarai na AFP ya bayyana sakon a matsayin na karya.
Ba zai yiwu Facebook su sayar da kamfanin da ta samar dashi akan zabar kudi dala biliyan goma sha tara da digo uku ($19.3 billion), da ke da mallakar hannun jari da kudin su yakai dala biliyan sha biyu ($12 billion), abu ne da bazai yiwu ba ace an sayar dashi akan naira biliyan uku (3BN) kacal ga gwamnatin Najeriya.
Yana da kyau a sani cewa a halin yanzu idan za a sayar da WhatsApp zai kai tsabar kudi dala biliyan dari biyar ($500 billion), dan haka babu ta yadda za a sayar dashi a naira biliyan uku kacal.
Alamu na nuna cewa wanda ya wallafa sakon ka iya zama masoyi ga Nnamdi Kanu, mai fafutukar neman kirikiro kasar Biafra wadda magoya bayan suka kware wajen yada labaran karya.
Bayan gudanar da zuzzurfan bincike, CDD na tabbatar da cewa gwamnatin Najeirya ba ta saye manhajar WhatsApp ba kamar yadda wani sakon da aka yada a wasu shafukan sada zumunta na zamani ya bayyana.
CDD na jan hankalin jama’a game da yin nazari da tantance sahihancin sakonni da labarai kafin yada su ga sauran jama’a.
Kuna iya aikowa CDD labaran da kuke da shakku akansu da gano muku gaskiyar su. Za ku iya turo gajeren sako (SMS) ta manhajar WhastApp akan lamba: +2349062910568 ko ku tuntube mu a shafin Twitter a @CDDWestAfrica.
CLAIM: On March 10, 2021, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted a post on Facebook claiming that messaging Application, WhatsApp, has been bought by the Nigerian Government.
The Facebook user claimed said the application was bought by the Federal Government of Nigeria at the sum of three billion (no currency was indicated).
Also, the post claimed that all users of WhatsApp should endeavour to leave the app immediately to another one (signal App) as they would now be monitored by the Nigerian government.
The claim read in part: “You will be tracked! Leave WhatsApp now! Go to Signal app now!” reads an excerpt from the post. Signal is an end-to-end encrypted instant messaging app.”
Checks by CDD show that contrary to the claim, the Nigerian Government has not acquired WhatsApp messaging app.
An investigation by CDD also shows that the post made on Facebook by a handler, “Best of Mazi Nnamdi Kanu” has been marked by the social media company as fake news.
Facebook in a reaction to the post said that the information made by the handler has been checked by independent fact-checkers and confirmed to be false.
A further check showed that the social media company in a response to AFP described the information as false.
Also, Facebook could not have sold an app which the company acquired at $19.3 billion – $4 billion in cash, $12 billion worth of Facebook shares, and $3 billion in restricted stock units to Koum and Acton – in February 2014 for three billion (3BN) to the Nigerian Government.
It is important to note that WhatsApp is currently valued at more than $500 billion and could not have been sold at three billion as claimed.
The Facebook handler who made the post is likely to a fan of Nnamdi Kanu, the leader of the Indigenous People of Biafra whose members specialize in spreading false information across social media platforms.
CDD can confirm the claim that WhatsApp has been bought by the Nigerian Government for three billion (3BN) is false.
The CDD urges members of the public to read beyond headlines before sharing any news report, especially on social media.
You can forward suspicious messages for verification via +2349062910568 or contact us on Twitter @CDDWestAfrica
Hakika illolin labaran karya ko labaran bogo a fili suke. Labaran karya na iya haifar da rudani da tashin hankali dama jefa mutane cikin zulumi. Da alama masu kirkira da yada labaran bogi na cin kare su ba babbaka musamman a kafafen sada zumunta na zamani, ta yadda suke yada wadan nan labarai ta fuskoki daban-daban. Yada ire-iren wadan nan labarai na bogi musamman a kafafen sada zumunta na zamani irin su Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Instagram dama WhatsApp a bune mai sauki amma mai cike da illoli ko matsaloli. Kokarin kare faruwar matsalolin da labaran karya za su iya haifarwa yasa Cibiyar Bunkasa Demokaradiyya da Cigaba (CDD) ke bin diddigin labarai dan gano gaskiyar su da nufin fahimtar da al’umma. Wannan mujalla za ta gabatar muku da wasu labaran da CDD ta bankado.
A wannan satin, cibiyar demokradiyya da cigaba ta bankado tare da binciko gaskiyar wasu labaran karya da aka wallafa a kafafen sada zumunta na zamani irin su Facebook da manhajar WhatsApp. Ga labaran nan kamar yadda wannan mujalla ta mu ta wallafa su:
Ba a Kori Fulani a Jahar Kano Ba!
A ranar Laraba, 24 ga watan Fabrairun shekara ta 2021,masu bincike na Cibiyar Bunkasa Demokaradiyya da Cigaba (CDD) sun gano wani bidiyo da ake yadawa a manhajar WhatsApp. Bidiyon na ikirarin cewa jama’ar jahar Kano sun umarci al’ummar Fulani da subar jahar ta Kano dama arewacin Najeriya baki daya.
Dubiya da CDD ta yi, an gano cewa wannan labari ne na bogi. Hasali ma bidiyon an dauke shi ne lokacin wata hatsaniya da ta faru a garin Billiri da ke jahar Gombe. Hatsaniyar ta barke ne tsakanin wasu kabilu sakamakon takaddama game da nadin basaraken gargajiya da ake yiwa lakabi da “Mai Tangale” bayan rasuwar wadda ke kan mukamin. Latsa nan dan karanta cikekken labarin.
Shin WHO Ta Sauya Matsayin Ta Game Da Killace Kai da Bada Tazara?
Gaskiyar Al’amari: Karya Ne!
A ranar alhamis, 25 ga watan Fabrairun shekara ta 2021, masu tantance sahihancin labarai na Cibiyar Bunkasa Demokaradiyya da Cigaba, sun gano labari da ake yadawa ta manhajar WhatsApp da ke ikirarin cewa hukumar lafiya ta duniya (WHO) ta sauya matsayin ta game da ka’idojin kare kai daga kamuwa da cutar Korona.
Binciken da CDD ta gudanar ya gano cewa labarin da ake yadawa game da WHO cewa mutanen da suka kamu da cutar Korona basa bukatar killace kansu karya ne.
Hukumar WHO bata ce mutanen da ke dauke da cutar Korona basa bukatar killace kansu ba. Wannan labarin hasalima an taba yadashi a ranar 16 ga watan Yulin shekarar 2020 inda mutane da dama sukayi ta cece-kuce akansa. Domin karanta cikekken labarin latsa nan
Babu Wani Tsarin Bada Tallafi Daga Gidauniyar Dangote
Wani sako da ake yadawa ta manhajar WhatsApp da ke cewa Gidauniyar Aliko Dangote na bada tallafin kudi ga yan Najeriya masu sa’a dan fara sana’o’i a shekara ta 2021 sako ne na bogi. Yan damfara kan tsara ire-iren wadan nan sakonni da nufin tattara bayanan mutane dan zambatan su a karshe.
CDD na jan hankalin jama’a da su tantance labarai ko sakonnin yanar gizo kafin amincewa ko aiwatar wani umarni. Mutane a kodayaushe su rika taka-tsantsan game da biya kudade ta hanyar yanar gizo musamman dan neman tallafi. Domin karanta cikekken binciken da CDD ya gano, latsa nan.
Gwamnatin Jahar Kano Ba Ta Rushe Makarantar Sheikh Abduljabbar Ba!
Labarin da kafafen da yada labarai da yawa suka wallafa cewa gwamnatin jahar Kano ta rushe makarantar Sheikh Abduljabbar karya ne. Ziyarar da CDD takai wurin da akayi rusau din da karin binciken da ta gudanar ya gano babu abinda ya samu makaranta ko masallacin malamin.
CDD na tabbatar da cewa wannan labari ne na bogi dan haka jama’a suyi watsi dashi.
CDD na jan hankalin kafafen yada labarai da jama’a da su guji yada labaran karya ko wadan da basu da tabbacin sahihancin su. Kuna iya aikowa CDD labaran da kuke da shakku akansu dan tantance muku gaskiyar su ta hanyar aiko gajeren sako ko ta manhajar WhatsApp akan lamba: +2349062910568. Samu karin bayani anan.
Wasu daga ciki labaran karya da CDD ta bankado tare da wallafawa
Last week, the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD’s) newsletter examined the dangers of disinformation (fake news) to the corporate existence of Nigeria as a nation. While fake news is not a new phenomenon, over time, the spread of disinformation has taken various dimensions. To survive the times, one must be cautious of claims or narratives that come in the form of advisory and how to do things. Individuals should also be able to differentiate between real news and fake news especially on social media.
Here are five steps to identify fake news on social media
Does It Sound Sensational Or Cause You To React?
Fake news is usually written to create “shock value,” that is, a strong automatic reaction such as anger or fear. Disinformation can be spread using many of the same tactics as misinformation—hoaxes, click-bait, fabricated reports. Disinformation is created to deceive so we need to approach content on social media with a critical mind.
Check The Source
You can do this by answering the following questions: have you come across a story from that source or heard of it before, does the web address for the page look suspicious, or is it mimicking a known web address? Check spelling errors in company names, or unfamiliar extensions like “.infonet” and “.offer,” rather than “.com” or “.co.uk, or ‘.org” may mean that the source is suspect.
Check To See If Other Sources Are Reporting The Story
Credible news sources train their journalists to include plenty of facts – quotes from experts, survey data and official statistics and detailed eye-witness accounts that are consistent and corroborated from people on the scene. If these are missing, question the story or narratives it trying to spread!
Be Curious of Images
There are now a thousand and one applications online and in use that can be used to alter, doctor or even recreate images and videos. This editing software has made it easy for people to create fake images that look real and not many can tell if an image is fake. When in doubt, check for more details about the image. You can also do a reverse image search using www.images.google/com or www.tineye.com to check where an image was created and whether it has been altered.
Fake news on social media may be unavoidable especially with the unprecedented volume of disinformation being circulated in Nigeria and globally. But you can help stop the spread by thinking critically. Maintain a healthy level of curiosity for what you read on your timeline, understand that social media platforms curate what you see based on an algorithm derived from data gathered from your online behaviours. What this means is that the news you see on your feed is filtered based on previously collected data and this awareness can help you become more conscious of your own inherent bias.
If platforms notice that you frequently quick to click on stories that say COVID-19 is a scam, for example, more of such news will appear on your timeline.
In view of this the CDD countered a couple of false claims using fact-checking tools in the past week. One of such is the claim that some Fulanis residents in Kano have been asked to vacate the State.
The claim read in parts “ Hausas in Kano have asked the Fulanis to leave northern Nigeria while breaking the exclusive Fulani mosque. Behold the Ottoman Dan Fodio prophecy of about 220 years is happening before our very eyes. DAN.”
Also attached to the claim was a video of people seen vandalizing a mosque.
Investigations carried out by CDD revealed that the claim that Fulanis have been asked to vacate Kano State is false.
More checks showed that the video attached to the broadcast was from a clash in Billiri Local Government Area of Gombe State and not from Kano as claimed.
Has WHO Made A U-turn On Isolation and Social Distancing?
On February 25, 2021, fact-checkers at the Centre spotted a WhatsApp broadcast claiming that the World Health Organisation (WHO) has completely made a U-turn on Coronavirus (COVID-19) protocols and guidelines.
The broadcast claimed that the international health body made a declaration that individuals infected with COVID-19 do not need to be isolated or quarantined as the virus cannot be transmitted from one patient to another.
Checks by CDD show that the claim that WHO has declared that individuals infected with COVID-19 need not isolate is false. An investigation carried out by CDD fact-checkers reveals that the claim is not new and had trended on July 16, 2020.
The broadcast resurfaced on WhatsApp has continued to be spread across groups on the platform.
Further checks show in its advice on preventive measures against COVID-19, the WHO has continued to urge the public to public themselves and their loved ones by taking some simple precautions, such as physical distancing and wearing a mask.
Also, WHO notes that keeping rooms well ventilated, avoiding crowds, cleaning your hands, and coughing into a bent elbow or tissue is imperative in protecting oneself and others.
Also, the Centre with support from the MacArthur Foundation organized an Advanced Strategic Communication Training for 30 participants from various Anti-Corruption Agencies in Nigeria. The training which took place at the Legend Hotel, Ikeja Lagos was facilitated by the International Press Centre.
A ranar 31 ga watan Janairun shekara ta 2021, masu tantance sahihancin labarai na Cibiyar Bunkasa Demokaradiyya da Cigada (CDD) sun gano wata murya da aka nada kuma aka yadata a manhajar WhatsApp da ke gargadin dukkan mutane masu amfani da manhajar ta WhatsApp da su guji latsa status din WhatsAppp din ya saka.
Muryar tace wani balarabe ne ya kirkiri “status” din kuma duk wanda ya latsa dan kallon hoton da aka saka to lallai balaraben zai samu damar shiga rumbun hotunan wayar sa.
Wannan murya ta kara da cewa duk wanda ya latsa wannan status da WhatsApp ya saka to za’a yada dukkan hotunan batsa da ke wayar sa ga sauran jama’a.
Wannan sako ya bukaci duk wanda ya saurare shi ya yadashi ga sauran jama’a.
Binciken da CDD ta gudanar akan wannan batu ya gane cewa sakon da aka nada cikin murya ake yadashi din sako ne na karya.
Karin binciken da CDD ta gudanar ya gano cewa manhajar WhatsApp tana da wani tsari na hana bibiya ko sarrafa abubuwan da mutum ke aiwatarwa a manhajar da ya shafi nadan murya ko wasu abubuwa da mutum ya ajiye a manhajar.
Kanfanin WhatsApp din yace yana so ne ya sanar da mutane tsare-tsaren sa na bada kariya da kiyaye sirrin masu amfani dashi shiyasa ya sanar dasu ta hanyar status din. WhatsApp ya kara da cewa yana so ne mutane suji kai tsaye daga gare shi, shiyasa yayi amfani da hanyar status inda kowane mai amfani da manhajar zai gani kai tsaye.
Binciken CDD ya gano cewa kallon “status” din kamfanin WhatsApp baya nufin samu damar shiga rumbun hotunan masu amfani da manhajar ta WhatsApp, labarin da ake yadawa cewa idan mutum ya kalli status din WhatsApp to za’a samu damar shiga rumbun adana hotunan sa labari ne na bogi.
Kamfanin WhatsApp yayi amfani da tsarin “status” ne dan sanar da masu amfani dashi wassu batutuwa game da manhajar.
CDD na jan hanakalin jama’a da cewa su guji kirikira ko yada labarai ko sakonni na karya.
Kuna iya aikowa CDD labarai ko sakonnin da kuke da shakku akansu dan tantance muku sahihancin su ta wannan lamba +2349062910568, kuna ma iya aiko sakon WhatsApp.
On January 31, 2021, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted a trending voice note warning all WhatsApp users against clicking on the newly introduced status.
The voice note said: “an Arab guy” is behind the new WhatApps status update and any attempt to click on it would grand the “guy” access to all your photos.
It also said that all content accessed on the affected device (especially nudes) will be displayed to the public.
Also, the voice note advised listeners to forward the message to as many people as possible.
Checks by CDD show that the voice note circulated on WhatsApp is false.
Investigations by CDD fact-checkers revealed that WhatsApp has end-to-end encryption, preventing it from seeing or hearing the content, and delaying the implementation of the policy.
Further checks revealed that a WhatsApp spokesperson highlighted that there has been lots of disinformation and confusion around the recent update.
The company said it would want to help everyone understand the facts behind how WhatsApp protects people’s privacy and security as they plan to provide updates to people in the Status tab so people hear from WhatsApp directly.
CDD can confirm that the message about WhatsApp status introduced should not be clicked on is false.
The message which has confusion around the recent update WhatsApp is not true.
CDD urges members of the public to read beyond headlines before sharing any news report, especially on social media.
You can forward suspicious messages for verification via +2349062910568 or contact us on Twitter @CDDWestAfrica
A ranar Laraba, 9 ga watan Disamban shekara ta 2020, masu tantance sahihancin labarai na Cibiyar Bunkasa Demokaradiyya da Cigaba (CDD) sun gano wani labari da aka wallafa kuma ya yadu kamar wutar daji, labarin yace gwamnatin jahar Katsina ta haramta anfani da kafafen sada zumunta na zamani wato Facebook da WhatsApp.
Binciken da CDD ta gudanar ya gano cewa gwamnatin jahar Katsina bata hana dalibai da ma’aikatan jahar yin anfani da WhatsApp da Facebook ba.
Da yake yiwa CDD Karin bayani akan batun, kwamishinan ilimi na jahar Katsina, Farfesa Badamasi Lawal yace, ba kamar yadda ake yayatawa ba, gwamnatin Katsina bata hana anfani da kafafen sada zumunta na zamani ba, abinda kawai tayi shine dakatar da yin anfani da “zauren WhatsApp” da malaman makarantu ke anfani dashi wajen harkar sadarwa bayan daya daga cikin zaurukan ya janyo cece-kuce.
Farfesa Lawal yace wani sakon WhatsApp ne da wani malami ya rubuta a daya daga cikin zaurukan tattaunawa tsakanin malamai ya janyo musayan maganganu da suka kawo rashin jituwa tsakanin wani shugaban makaranta da wani malami.
Acewar kwamishinan ilimin, daraktocin shiyya-shiyya ne suka samar da Zaurukan WhatsApp din dan saukaka yadda malaman zasu rika tattaunawa da junan su akan al’amuran aiki amma tunda suna haifar da rashin jituwa sai aka dauki matakin dakatar dasu.
Farfesa Lawal yace: “babu wanda ya hana kowane mamali anfani da WhatsApp, abinda kawai aka dakatar shine “zauren WhatsApp (WhatsApp group)” da malaman ke anfani dashi”.
“labarin da aketa yadawa cewa gwamnatin jahar Katsina ta hana ma’aikata yin anfai da WhatsApp da Facebook karya ne”- Farfesa Badamasi Lawal.
Labarin da ake yadawa cewa gwamnatin jahar Katsina ta hana ma’aikata da malaman makarantu yin anfani da WhastApp da Facebook karya ne. kwamishinan ilimin jahar ta Katsina ya tabbatar da cewa abinda kawai aka dakatar shine “WhatsApp group” da malaman makarantu ke anfani dashi dan saukaka tattaunawa a tsakanin su bayan rigima ta faru tsakanin wani malami da shugaban makaranta acikin daya daga cikin zaurukan tattaunawar (WhatsApp groups).
CDD na jan hankalin jama’a game yada labaran da basu tantance sahihancin su ba.
Kuna iya aikowa CDD labaran da kuke shakku akansu dan tantance muku ta hanyar WhatsApp ko gajeren sako ta wannan lamba +2349062910568 ko a shafin Twitter a: @CDDWestAfrica ko @CDDWestAfrica_H
On Wednesday, December 9, 2020, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted a viral message trending on WhatsApp groups, claiming that the Katsina State Government has banned the use of social media application – WhatsApp and Facebook.
According to the reports, students and workers in the state are the most affected.
Fact-checks show that the Katsina State Government had not banned the use of Facebook and WhatsApp by students and workers in the state.
The Katsina State Commissioner for Education, Professor Badamasi Lawal, in his response to CDD’s inquiry said contrary to claim, the state government only stopped the use of WhatsApp groups for staff of public schools in Katsina state.
According to Professor Lawal, the decision to stop WhatsApp groups form staffers in the Ministry of Education was informed agter a disagreement and exchange of words between a teacher and the school principal over group WhatsApp message.
WhatsApp groups had been created by zonal directors of each school in the State for ease of communication among staff. But the feud between the teacher and a principal over a message posted on the WhataApp group created necessitated the decision to block the groups.
Lawal said: “Nobody stopped any teacher from using WhatsApp, it is that group that caused problem that was stopped and nothing else”
“The news that Katsina state government has banned its workers from using WhatsApp and Facebook is a total lie,” Lawal added.
The claim that Katsina State Government has banned use of WhatsApp and Facebook in public schools and work places is false.
The Katsina State Commissioner for Education confirmed that teachers and staff of the state were only stopped from creating WhatsApp group after an incident which led to an altercation between a principal and a teacher of a school in the state.
CDD is urging Nigerians to always verify the authenticity of stories before sharing them.
You can forward suspicious messages for verification via +2349062910568 or contact us on Twitter @CDDWestAfrica @CDDWestAfrica_H
On Monday, August 17, 2020, fact-checkers at Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted on a Facebook post claiming that an investor can win N50,000 instantly from N25,000 investment.
The post which claimed the investment is an easy one said the 100 per cent benefit of investment can be received in less than one hour after payment is made.
According to the poster, the investment is legit as an investor can invest any amount of money and immediately get double the amount within 45 minutes.
The message read in part: “ I have just been credited from this platform. I invested 25k, I was paid 50,000 in not less than 45min. So I decided to share with you to join the platform and testify too. VIEW THE LINK BELOW
Investigations done by fact-checkers show that the message is an online scam as the evidence provided is very suspicious.
Checks by the CDD revealed that the mobile number of the “admin” as indicated in the message is registered as Anthony Joshua.
Further checks by the centre show that the investment company have continued to pressure their clients to make payments for the deal with a promise of the 100 per cent return in less than one hour.
CDD fact-checkers found out that the clients upon registration are requested to send their details and Bank Verification Numbers to a WhatsApp number – a method usually used by online scammers to defraud unsuspecting citizens. The ‘clients’ continue to receive messages convincing them to forward their personal detail to seal the deal.
A CDD fact-checker messaged the investment company on the WhatsApp provided, and the handler continued to persuade for bank details.
The persuation continued two days after the first contact was made. The company’s handler ontinued to call the fact-checker to make payment as regards the investment.
The claim that investing a certain amount of money with Winners Pay Investment company platform and get double the amount is false.
It is a method used by fraudsters to defraud citizens.
CDD urges members of the general public to be very cautious of such platforms and always verify the authenticity of these investment plans.
You can also forward suspicious messages for verification at+2349062910568 or contact us on twitter @CDDWestAfrica.
WhatsApp both strengthens and undermines Nigerian democracy, says UK-Nigeria research team
Research findings were released today by a UK-Nigerian research team examining the role of WhatsApp in Nigeria’s 2019 elections. Drawing on citizen surveys and interviews with political campaigns, the report underlines the ways in which WhatsApp has promoted the spread of “fake news” around elections, but has also strengthened accountability and promoted inclusion in other areas.
At the Shehu Musa Yar’Adua Centre in Abuja, Nigeria, on Monday 29 July, researchers from the Centre for Democracy and Development (Nigeria) and University of Birmingham (UK) presented key findings from a WhatsApp-sponsored research project on the role of WhatsApp in Nigeria’s 2019 elections. The report, WhatsApp and Nigeria’s 2019 Elections: Mobilising the People, Protecting the Vote, is available in full at http://bit.ly/2GAJSRF.
WhatsApp is the most popular messaging app in 40 African countries, including Nigeria, due to its low cost, encrypted messages, and the ability to easily share messages with both individuals and groups. The aim of the research project was to shed light on how the app is influencing Nigerian elections, particularly in light of concerns – in Nigeria, and across the globe – about social media usage and the spread of so-called “fake news”.
Dr Jonathan Fisher (University of Birmingham) led the research team, which included Idayat Hassan (Centre for Democracy and Development), Jamie Hitchen (Independent Consultant) and Professor Nic Cheeseman (University of Birmingham). The research consisted of 50 interviews with political campaigns, activists, scholars and experts in Abuja, Oyo and Kano and a citizen survey (n=1,005) and focus groups in Oyo and Kano states.
Focusing in particular on governor races in Oyo and Kano, the research found that:
Organization: The political use of WhatsApp is becoming increasingly sophisticated and organized at the presidential level. By setting up multiple overlapping WhatsApp groups, organizations such as the Buhari New Media Centre (BNMC) and Atikulated Youth Force (AYF) – set up to support, respectively, the campaigns of President Buhari and his main opponent, Atiku Abubakar – can send messages to tens of thousands of people at the touch of a button by forming hundreds of groups of 256 members. Things look very different below the national level, however, where a significant proportion of activity remains informal. This limits the ability of formal structures like parties to set and control narratives at the local level. Dr Fisher says that:
“Our research shows that while WhatsApp replicates existing political patron-client networks to some extent, it is also helping less traditional power-players to enter the political arena – particularly tech-savvy youth.”
Content: Different types of content shared via WhatsApp have varying impacts depending on who they have been shared by, and how they are presented to the user. Idayat Hassan says that:
“The format, style, source and the content of a piece of information shared or received on WhatsApp all have a critical impact on how far they reach, and how far they are believed…pictures and videos are increasingly influential.”
Networks: Offline and online structures are interlinked, reinforcing and building on each other in ways that are important to understand. As a result, in many respects WhatsApp amplifies the significance and influence of networks that already exist within Nigerian politics and society. Jamie Hitchen says that:
“The interaction between information shared on WhatsApp and the offline context is a crucial part of the digital eco-system, and challenges claims that the platform has revolutionised political campaigning.”
Impact: WhatsApp is used to both spread disinformation, and to counter it. One of the most notorious messages of the election – the false story that President Buhari had died and been replaced by a clone from Sudan – was widely circulated on WhatsApp. But candidates also used WhatsApp to alert citizens to false stories and to “set the record straight”. Professor Cheeseman says that:
“Social media platforms are both a threat to democracy and a way to strengthen it. WhatsApp is being used to spread “fake news” on the one hand, and run fact-checking campaigns and election observation on the other. The challenge is to reduce risks without undermining the way that social media can strengthen accountability and promote inclusion.”
The research also underlines that, particularly at the sub-national level, while WhatsApp gives candidates an electoral advantage, social media alone cannot win an election. Instead, the most important thing for a candidate is to be an authentic leader of the community – to be present and accessible. This means that a candidate’s ground campaign remains the most important thing to get right. Thus, while WhatsApp has transformed the electoral environment, it has not revolutionized it.
The research findings suggest both short- and longer-term recommendations: In the short-term, making it easier for individuals to leave WhatsApp groups and report disinformation; reinforce the ability of group administrators to set standards; target digital literacy training to social influencers and strengthen WhatsApp’s ability to understand the risk of misuse by opening an office in the African continent. In the longer-term, state and federal governments should invest more in digital literacy as part of the national curriculum, while political campaigns should develop social media codes of conduct for future elections. Online protection of data and civil liberties should also be enhanced in Nigeria, and beyond.
Read Similar Articles
Media Manager (University of Birmingham): Hasan Salim Patel
Verdict: Partially True The Claim: A WhatsApp post questioning the monetary value of the new minimum wage has gone viral. The post reads; “Nigeria minimum wage in 2010 was N18, 000 ($120). In 2019, the minimum wage is N30, 000 ($83). They won’t show you this”.
Following the signing of the new National Minimum Wage Act by President Mohammadu Buhari on the 18 April 2019, the new Act provides for payment of N30,000 minimum wage, which increased from N18,000, but a claim alleging that the value of the new minimum wage is less than the previous minimum wage when converted to dollar went viral. The Fact: In January 2011, former president, Goodluck Jonathan sent a Minimum Wage Bill to the National Assembly, proposing N18,000 as the National minimum wage. On February 23, 2011, the Senate amended the National Minimum Wage Act, thus increasing the minimum wage from N7, 500 to N18, 000. The bill was finally signed by the president in March, 2011.
Our analysis of exchange rate data of dollar to Naira from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) website for the month of March 2011 indicates that the average central rate for the month was N150.49/$1. Thus, at the time the former President signed the Minimum Wage Bill into law, the dollar equivalent of the N18,000 minimum wage was $119.6. This is approximately $120.
However, as at the day (18 April 2019) that the incumbent president signed the new law, CBN exchange rate was N306.45/$1. By implication, the N30,000 new minimum wage, if converted to dollar, amounts to $98 approximately.
However, using the purchasing power parity (PPP), the value of N18,000 minimum wage will be $58.7. Exchange rates can quickly change which artificially changes the values of currency. The PPP of a currency is the quantity of the currency needed to purchase a given unit of goods. The purchasing power of N18,000 in 2011 has changed in value.
For instance, The cost of a bag of rice in 2011 sells for around N6,500. In 2019 the same quantity of rice is selling above N15,000. The N30,000 ($97.9) minimum wage is therefore of greater value than N18,000 in present time. Conclusion: Though the claim that Nigeria minimum wage in 2011 was N18, 000 ($120) is PARTIALLY TRUE, but using the purchasing power parity calculation, the claim that N18,000 is of greater value than N30,000 in 2019 is false.
CDD has spotted a story claiming that the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has threatened to award the election victory to the presidential candidate of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) for the 2019 presidential elections. The claim was made on April 9, 2019, by the dailyadvent. It says that PDP and their presidential candidate, Atiku Abubakar, who is challenging the outcome of the presidential elections, have filed an election petition and that President Muhammadu Buhari, has till April 16, 2019, to respond to the petition. And that the court of Appeal has issued out a last warning to INEC and APC that they have till Thursday to file their responses to the election petition.
CDD fact-checkers investigated the story and discovered that the story is copied from punchng.com and uses a sensationalist headline to imply a different meaning. The blog report attributed their claim to an anonymous source, alleging that Buhari, INEC, and APC were yet to respond to the petition. Whereas, the Punch attributed a similar demand in their report to a valid source who informed its reporter that the party would respond to the petition before the 21 days deadline.
Also, the law is clear on how the election result declared by INEC can be invalidated. Only a court of competent jurisdiction can renounce a candidate’s victory and announce another as the victor once INEC has issued the certificate of return by INEC. Meanwhile, neither has the Presidential Election Tribunal given any judgement on the petition filed by PDP and its candidate nor did INEC declare any presidential election result different from the one earlier declared that saw Muhammadu Buhari of the APC won his closest rival, Atiku Abubakar of PDP, with a margin of 2.9 million votes.
The law is clear on how electoral outcome can be invalidated, Only a court of competent jurisdiction can renounce a candidate’s victory and announce another as the victor once INEC has issued the certificate of return. The 2-month old blog, dailyadvent, lacks credibility and should in no way be taken seriously.
Verdict: False Claim: The CDD have spotted a story circulating on WhatsApp alleging that Miyetti Allah Cattle Breeders Association of Nigeria, (MACBAN) are insisting that the sum of N3.8 billion financial contribution made to the APC gubernatorial election in Akwa Ibom State Mr Nsima Ekere, and his godfather, Senator Godswill Akpabio is returned to them.
The claim further alleged that Nsima Ekere entered into an MOU dated January 15, 2019, with the Miyetti Allah to release lands in 31 local councils in the State for the establishment of Cattle Colonies if elected governor. Nsima Ekere was also said to have agreed to appoint Fulani Heads, to be known as Sarkin Fulani for the Cattle Colonies, with the Sarkin Fulani having the same status as Traditional Rulers. The MOU was alleged to have been signed by Nsima Ekere and Alhaji Muhammadu Kirowa and Baba Ngelzarma as the National President and Secretary on behalf of the Miyetti Allah.
The Facts: CDD fact checkers traced the story to an online blog, nigerianconcord. A blog established in February 2016. A cursory look on the blog reveals it as an outlet for political news, but most of the reports on the platform are mainly misinformation. The information on the platform suggests it is sympathetic to the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in Benue and Akwa Ibom States. The Blog adoption of the name Nigerian Concord may also be strategic as it seeks to pass itself off as the prestigious former Concord Newspaper.
On the 6th of March, nigerianconcord made similar claims in a news report prompting a response from the Akwa Ibom state APC who vehemently denied the allegations.
To further confirm or debunk the story, CDD fact checkers contacted the Miyetti Allah’s national secretary, Usman Baba-Ngelzarma, who denied sponsoring or entering into an MOU with Nsima Ekere or APC, Akwa Ibom. In his words:
“We are not aware of this. We have no business with the man, we don’t know about it, we have never had anything to do with the Awka Ibom APC, and we don’t know where the source of this news is from, it’s not from Miyetti Allah. We have no business with any political activity; this information is one of these fake news;” he said.
Also, when contacted, the spokesperson of the APC campaign council in Akwa Ibom State, Hon. Eseme Eyibo told CDD that the malicious news was of the making of mischief makers. “There is no need to fact check that. Was any money given in the first place, how was it given, through whom? This is a malicious fiction;” he said.
Available facts show that there is a credibility question of the blog from where this story originated. The blog failed to present enough evidence to back up their claims. The involved parties have also denied any involvement in the story outrightly calling it fake news. The political bias of the blog as evident in its publications casts further doubts on their genuine intentions thus justifying our verdict that the claims made therein are politically motivated and FALSE.
Verdict: False The Claim: Today, a Twitter account belonging to a PDP support group, @PDPVanguard, posted a tweet attributed to the former INEC chairman, Professor Attahiru Jega. The tweet which has already garnered 189 likes, 8 comments and 108 retweets read:
The @MBuhari government had succeeded in destroying the huge gains made in political development and electoral evolution from 2015. @inecnigeria under APC conducted one of the worst elections from Kogi state to Ondo, Ekiti and Osun state down to the general election. #KanoRerun election was not different from motto-pack/garage NURTW election. In some instances/cases, the conduct of NURTW was much better than #KanoRerun election that was held last week.”
CDD fact checkers reached out to the former INEC chairman who denied the claim. According to him, “this is fake news by mischief makers. I am yet to comment on the 2019 elections and did not say what is being attributed to me”.
Fake news is not a new concept in Nigeria, but the exponential growth in the use and availability of mobile phones with access to the internet, as well as the sheer amount of information accessible in the age of digital media, has made the task of filtering out false information far more difficult. To gain a deeper understanding of the problem, the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) conducted a study of the online information landscape in order to paint a clearer picture of how information flows. This aims to understand the precise nature of disinformation (information shared with the intent to mislead), misinformation (information not necessarily shared with intent to mislead), hateful or dangerous speech, propaganda and other harmful forms of content available to Nigerians.