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FACT CHECK: Did Ruto Lack a Political Structure Like Peter Obi as Claimed?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments
Source: Daily Trust

CLAIM: Kenyan President-Elect, William Ruto, didn’t have a political structure just like Nigerian Labour Party presidential nominee Peter Obi.

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT:

While comparing Kenyan President-Elect William Ruto with Nigeria’s Labour Party presidential nominee, Peter Obi, a twitter account owned by the username, Prof. Chris  Mustapha Nwaokobia Jnr, on Tuesday tweeted,

“Those betting on the sustenance of the OLD should X-ray the victory of the STRUCTURE-LESS Ruto over the STRUCTURE-FULL Odinga in Kenya. Africa is Rising and Nigeria MUST Rise. WE MOVE, WE WIN.”

VERIFICATION:

In verifying the claim, our partners at Daily Trust considered that Ruto’s political party structure, The United Democratic Alliance (UDA), is one of the founding parties of the Kenya Kwanza Alliance, a new alliance formed and registered in January 2021.

Also, we considered the number of political offices held. Ruto was a member of parliament from 1998 to 2013, served as minister for home affairs in the Moi administration (August – December  2002), minister of agriculture in the Kibaki administration (2008 – 2010) and minister for higher education (April – October  2010). He was also elected as deputy president with incumbent President Uhuru Kenyatta in 2013 and will succeed his boss when he is sworn in later this year.

CONCLUSION: Having reviewed Ruto’s political journey and sustained prominence in appointed and elective positions, it is misleading to say that he doesn’t have a political structure as claimed by Prof. Nwaokobia Jnr. 

INFORMATIONS FALLACIEUSES EN AFRIQUE DE L’OUEST – FLUX, FACILITATEURS ET IMPACTS

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

Jamie Hitchen et Idayat Hassan – June 2022

Le phénomène de propagation des informations mensongères à travers les écosystèmes d’informations en Afrique de l’Ouest s’amplifie. Bien que rendu possible par l’accès croissant aux réseaux sociaux et à Internet dans la région, le flux d’informations fallacieuses n’est pas simplement limité aux espaces en ligne, mais circule entre les environnements hors ligne et numériques, et ce, régulièrement et facilement. Ainsi, dès qu’une rumeur est lancée par un influenceur en ligne sur Facebook et qu’elle devient une tendance, cette rumeur peut faire l’objet de débats et de discussions dans des émissions de télévision ou de radio, ce qui élargit son audience. Ces débats, à leur tour, font ensuite l’objet de discussions et de débats dans des lieux de rassemblement tels que les marchés, les bases des atayahs, les lieux de rassemblement des motos-taxis ou les grins1 qui leur permettent de circuler à travers des réseaux bien établis de rumeurs par le bouche- à-oreille. Pour compléter le cycle, ces rumeurs hors ligne peuvent ensuite être transposées en ligne et peuvent être davantage biaisées dans le but de désinformer ou simplement de renforcer une information mensongère déjà en circulation.

La manière dont les informations circulent entre les réseaux en ligne et hors ligne permettent de mieux comprendre comment les informations fallacieuses se propagent et influencent les actions en Afrique de l’Ouest. Il en va de même pour la confiance. L’information que l’on considère comme provenant d’une source digne de confiance – que ce soit la source d’origine de l’information ou la personne qui l’a partagée en dernier – est essentielle pour déterminer ce qui est vrai ou faux, et si cette information se conforme à des idées reçues et à des préjugés existants. Ces deux critères deviennent de plus en plus évidents pour tous ceux qui participent à la Les études par pays ont identifié sept acteurs clés impliqués dans la diffusion d’informations mensongères et leurs effets dans les domaines de la politique, de la santé et de la cohésion sociale. Ces acteurs sont des militants politiques, des influenceurs en ligne, l’État, des entreprises médiatiques, des sociétés de conseil spécialisées, la diaspora et des États étrangers. Si le rapport entre la propriété des médias et la politique en Afrique de l’Ouest a toujours favorisé la circulation d’informations fallacieuses, le nombre croissant d’utilisateurs des réseaux sociaux dans la région donne une place privilégiée aux influenceurs en ligne et à la diaspora qui dispose d’une audience numérique importante et souvent réceptive. Pendant les élections, la lutte pour exercer une influence sur ce public en ligne est amplifiée, les acteurs politiques recrutant de plus en plus de « cyber- guerriers » nationaux ou de spécialistes de la communication régionale et internationale pour obtenir un avantage électoral.

Les réponses au phénomène grandissant de la prolifération des informations fallacieuses dans l’écosystème de l’information rencontrent des difficultés du fait que non seulement l’État n’est pas un acteur impartial, mais qu’il participe également à la diffusion et à la création d’informations mensongères ou dans la restriction égoïste des flux d’information en ligne. Néanmoins, il existe également des exemples d’interventions gouvernementales plus bénéfiques sur le plan social dans l’écosystème de l’information. Pendant la pandémie de la Covid-19, on a observé des exemples de pays qui faisaient des efforts pour rendre plus transparentes les informations sur les initiatives de santé publique.

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FACT CHECK: Are Nigerian Universities Better Than Their Foreign Counterparts?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: Nigerian universities are better than their foreign counterparts.

VERDICT: FALSE

CONTEXT: The senior special assistant to the president on media and publicity, Mallam Garba Shehu, stated his belief that Nigeria’s universities are good enough and even better than their foreign counterparts. While commenting at the graduation of Glisten International Academy Abuja, Mallam Shehu, who was also a parent of a graduate, asserted his belief that ‘Nigerian universities are equally as good and even better than foreign institutions.

VERIFICATION: Nigerian universities do not feature highly on all university rankings. Most of these rankings use various criteria, including teaching, research capacity, international diversity, sustainable funding and alumni stature. Most rankings place the highest ranked Nigerian universities in the 1001-1250 category, which is well below the top spots that are occupied by foreign universities.

Sadly, most universities in Nigeria are public-owned and affected by strikes carried out by the Academic Staff Union of Universities.

WHY WE FACT CHECKED THIS: This claim was fact-checked to provide facts to claims made by public office holders to improve the reputation of their office.

FACT CHECK: Does Elon Musk Own A Hotel in Mars?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

Verdict: False

CLAIM: CDD spotted a trending story online, that Elon Musk, the entrepreneur who achieved global fame as the chief executive officer (CEO) of electric autos maker Tesla Inc. (TSLA) and CEO of the private space company is set to unveil his new hotel in Mars. The story on social media and blogs claimed that the world’s richest man is set to open soon his latest investment, a hotel, in Mars. According to the message with the accompanied image claimed a night rate at the hotel will be $5 million.

Fact Check: In verifying the claim, we verified the image using the fact checking tool, Tineye; a reverse image search engine that allows one to search by image. The result revealed that the image was first uploaded online by venturebeat.com as a proposed model of lab biomes Interstellar, which is expected to be built on Mojave Desert, Mars. The website has a trailer video of Interstellar Labs future, where the image appeared.

However, Elon Musk Trust is the owner of SpaceX, a Space Exploration Technologies Corp, which became famous after it first big headline, when it became the first private company to launch a payload into orbit and return it to Earth intact—something only government agencies like NASA or Russia’s Roscosmos had done before.  In 2020 Musk claimed that SpaceX will put a million people on Mars by 2050, there has been no recent claim of this on Elon’s official twitter page or on trustworthy news site.  Since its first crewed flight in 2020, SpaceX has continued to launch astronauts to the International Space Station and return them home to Earth as part of a partnership with NASA.

Fact checkers searched through Elon Musk’s social media and information platforms, including his verified Twitter account, with 102.7 million followers and cannot find any post relating to an hotel in Mars. 

Source: CDD West Africa

In conclusion, we can confirm that the posts and reports claiming that Elon Musk will soon open a hotel in Mars, which is expected to cost $5 million a night is false. With this check, CDD continues to provide the global community with facts to make informed choices; therefore, advises citizens against peddling false information.

FACT CHECK: Is Peter Obi’s Claim that Nigeria Has About 100 Players in NBA True?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

CLAIM: Peter Obi claimed that Nigeria has about 100 players in NBA.

VERDICT: False

Peter Obi. Photo/Facebook/

CONTEXT: Responding to a question posed during an interview on Politics Today, a Programme on Channels Television, the Labour Party presidential candidate replying to  a question on why he is focused on supporting the youth, said

“…proud, celebrating their talent. And this is what we have everywhere. If you go into the American NBA, out of 150 players, almost 100 are Nigerians. These youths are so talented that they are where you need to focus to reach their talent and productive energy to turn around the country…” 

VERIFICATION: Our partners at Daily Trust have clarified where the misconception behind this claim might have come from. Teams in the U.S invite unregistered or young players, referred to as rookies, to their training camps so that the coaching staff can evaluate their performance and select their active roster. However, actual registered NBA players are restricted to 15 players on each of the 30 teams which adds up to 450 players, of which Nigeria only has 10.

Relying on available data, we can confirm that Nigeria does not have about 100 players in the NBA as claimed by Peter Obi. In fact, no country or continent has produced up to that number since the inception of the league. Therefore, the claim by Obi is false in its entirety.

Source: CDD West Africa

WHY WE FACT-CHECKED THIS:  Several presidential candidates have been peddling fake news in a bid to support their campaign. This claim was fact-checked to provide facts to Nigerian citizens.

FACT CHECK: Did Members of the PDP’s Executive Committee in Kwara State Decamp to APC?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

CLAIM: All executive members of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in Kwara State have defected to the APC.

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: A twitter account, purportedly belonging to the All Progressives Congress (APC) Kwara State chapter, tweeted that all executive members of the state opposition Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) had defected to their party.

Source: Twitter

VERIFICATION: Our partners at Daily Trust could not find the names of said PDP decampees on the aforementioned Twitter handle. Furthermore, findings showed that although some former executive members of the Peoples Democratic Party defected to the All Progressives Congress. in June 2022, none of them was a current member of the party’s state. The decampees cited the achievements of Gov. AbdulRahman AbdulRazaq as the rationale behind their defection.

Source: CDD West Africa

Most of the decampees during that period were members of the Kwara State PDP Transformation Movement a group formed with the aim of fighting for the right of PDP members who are thought to be maltreated by the party which included former executives of the opposition party and former political office holders.

FACT CHECK: CHECKING CLAIMS MADE DURING ATIKU’S INTERVIEW

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

CONTEXT: In a one-hour exclusive interview on Arise TV, the former Vice President of Nigeria and presidential candidate of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP), Alhaji Atiku Abubakar made several claims that are fact-check worthy.

Source: Daily News

CLAIM 1: Atiku claimed that the power generation capacity in 1999 was 4,000MW.

VERDICT: FALSE

CONTEXT: The rights activist and presidential candidate of African Action Congress (AAC), Omoyele Sowore claimed that the former President Olusegun Obasanjo-led administration failed to solve the nation’s electricity problems to which the former Vice President of Nigeria responded “When we came in 1999, the total generation (capacity) was about 4,000 Megawatts. We initiated the building of nine additional power stations and by the time those nine were finished, the capacity has gone up from 4,000 Megawatts to about 13,000 Megawatts.

VERIFICATION: Responding to a letter from the House of Representatives Committee on Power and Steel, probing the expenditure in the power sector between 1999 and 2007, then President Olusegun Obasanjo wrote in a letter dated 12 May, 2008, that his administration inherited an installed capacity of 6,000 Megawatts even though only 1500MW was being generated.

Source: CDD West Africa

CLAIM 2: 90% of Nigerians from the northern part of the country are not on social media.

VERDICT: Insufficient Evidence

CONTEXT: Atiku, while expressing his thoughts on Peter Obi’s chances in next year’s presidential election, said 90% of Nigerians from the northern part of the country are not on social media.

“…They were saying through social media, that they have more than one million votes in Osun State but how many people voted for Labour Party? And there again mark you, you are talking about social media, in the North 90 per cent of our people are not tuned to social media,” .

VERIFICATION: To verify the claim, our partners at Daily Trust explored the Statista database which asserts that 110 million of an estimated 200 million Nigerians have access to the internet, with 53.15 million on social media as of 2022.

Following a check of the culmination of followers that Atiku and Peter Obi has on the three main social media platforms, Twitter, Facebook and Instagram, it was evident that Atiku has way more followers on social media than Peter Obi.

Several twitter and Facebook profiles are dedicated to Hausa, the most common language in the northern part of Nigeria such as BBC News Hausa, Premium Times Hausa. Although one can safely say that there is a higher number of social media users in the South compared to the  North following a report by National Bureau of Statistics which puts the number of active internet subscription in the North at 68.5m and the South at 77m. This indirectly translates to active social media users as its one of the key uses of data subscription unlike Atiku’s claim that has no known data supporting his assertion that 90 per cent of Northerners are not on social media. Hence the basis of Atiku’s claim is unfounded.

WHY WE FACT-CHECKED THIS: CDD fact-checked these claims to help the electorate hold politicians accountable during the electoral season


FACT CHECK: Are Nigeria’s Federal, Appeal and Supreme Courts Headed by Christians?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: A former aviation minister and chieftain of the All Progressives Congress, Femi Fani Kayode popularly known as FFK, recently took to his Twitter handle to say that the federal high court, appeal court and the supreme court are all headed by Christians. The tweet has since gathered thousands of engagements.

Source: Africa Daily News

CLAIM 1: Southwest had 4 immediate past governors who are Muslims 

VERIFICATION: In verifying the Minister’s claim, our partners at Daily Trust sought to find out the immediate past governors in the Southwest before the ones currently governing the state.

Findings show that In Oyo State, late senator Abiola Ajimobi, a Muslim was the immediate past governor before Mr. Seyi Makinde came on board.

In Lagos State, Mr Akinwumi Ambode, a Christian was the immediate past governor before Babajide Sanwolu, also a Christian took over.

In Ogun State, Ibikunle Amosun, a current senator was the immediate past governor of the state. He is a Muslim and has governed the state for eight years before Mr Dapo Abiodun, a Christian took over.

In Osun State, the tenure of Mr Gboyega Oyetola (a Muslim) will be coming to an end in November this year following his inability to get a return ticket as he was defeated in the July 2022 governorship elections by Senator Ademola Adeleke, who is a Christian.

Source: Daily Trust

In Ekiti, former Governor Ayodele Fayose, a Christian, was the immediate past governor of the state who completed his two terms in office before the incumbent, Dr Kayode Fayemi, also a Christian took over the mantle of leadership.

 In Ondo State, the immediate past governor of the state, Olusegun Mimiko, a Christian was succeeded by Rotimi Akeredolu, the incumbent governor who is a Christian.

Following previous records, the claim that South West had four Muslim governors before the incumbents is not true as the former governors who are Muslims are three namely; Olusegun Mimiko of Ondo State, Abiola Ajimobi of Oyo State and Ibikunle Amosun of Ogun State.

Source: CDD West Africa

CLAIM 2: All heads of the judiciary are Christians

VERIFICATION: Checks by Daily Trust has shown that Justice John T. Tsoho who was appointed as the Chief Judge of the federal high court is a Christian.

He was appointed by President Muhammadu Buhari in 2019.

Similarly, Hon. Justice Monica Dongban-Mensem, a Christian is Nigeria’s current president of the Appeal court. She was appointed in June 2020 by President Muhammadu Buhari.

Similarly, President Muhammadu Buhari in June this year swore in Hon. Justice Olukayode Ariwoola as the acting Chief Justice of Nigeria, although the president has recently sent his name to the National Assembly to be confirmed as the substantive CJN.

Justice Ariwoola, who is a Muslim by virtue of the being the CJN, heads the Supreme court of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

While the Federal High court and Appeal courts are headed by Christians, the Supreme court is headed by a Muslim who doubles as the current Chief Justice of Nigeria, as such the claim by Fani Kayode is FALSE.

FACT CHECK: HAS INEC RECOGNISED SENATE PRESIDENT LAWAN, AKPABIO AS SENATORIAL CANDIDATES?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

Verdict: FALSE

Claim: On August 9, 2022, Sahara Reporters published a breaking news: Nigerian Electoral Body, INEC Succumbs To Pressure From Ruling APC, Backdates Documents To Recognise Senate President Lawan, Akpabio As Senatorial Candidates. This is the second time; the news outlet will make this claim. On July 8, 2022, it published Nigerian Electoral Body, INEC Succumbs To Pressure From Ruling APC To Recognise Senate President, Lawan As Yobe Senatorial Candidate, Moves To Destroy Electoral Commissioner’s Report. These claims have generated debates on social media, particularly on WhatsApp. In the new claim, the media organization said, it has credible evidence that the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has backdated Certified True Copies (CTC) of reports of the All Progressives Congress (APC) primaries to accommodate Senate President, Ahmad Lawan, Godswill Akpabio and others as candidates in the 2023 general elections.

To validate its claim, the online news reporter, published the INEC document for the nomination of candidates by political parties. The document dated June 17, 2022, also has INEC’s CTC stamp dated July 15, 2022.

Fact Check: CDD’s fact check of July 10, 2022 had earlier countered Sahara Reporters’ claim of July 8, 2022. In the new claim, fact checkers applied Tineye, a fact check tool to verify the authenticity of INEC’s form EC9C; the form for nomination of candidates by political parties. The form EC9C is what political parties use to submit to INEC, the names of its nominated candidates, which must be signed by the party’s recognized national chairman and secretary. This is not an INEC’s report.

As the date shows, June 17, 2022, was the last date for the submission of nominations by political parties, as stated in the INEC’s Time table and Guideline for the 2023 general elections. According the Commission’s Chairman, Prof. Mahmood Yakubu, during the meeting with Resident Electoral Commissioners (RECs), the INEC’s portal closed at 6:00pm on June 17, 2022. The All Progressives Congress (APC), the party whose form EC9C is being interrogated, submitted the names of both Akpabio and Lawan on that date (June 17, 2022).

INEC has since published the personal particulars of nominated candidates of political parties, the details of both Lawan and Akpabio were not included as our earlier fact check show. CDD can independently confirm that the matter is now in court, which required INEC to certify a true copy of the form EC9C dated July 15, 2022, following the litigation processes.

Further check can confirm that INEC was yet to publish the final list of candidates; which according to Timetable is September 20, 2022, for Presidential and National Assembly elections. This is in line with Section 32 (1) of the Electoral Act 2022.

Conclusion: CDD can confirm that the breaking story by Sahara Report, which is also trending online is false. As we head to the 2023 general elections, electorates and indeed Nigerians must be curious of political information; particularly on the online space. Electoral disinformation will dominate the country’s ecosystem. The aim of peddlers of misleading contents and information among others is to delegitimize the election management body and ultimately the electoral system. Each one has the responsibility to share verified information. 

Are Nigerian universities better than foreign counterparts as claimed by Garba Shehu?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: The Senior Special Assistant to President Muhammadu Buhari on Media and Publicity, Mallam Garba Shehu, last week said Nigerian universities have so far been performing better than their foreign counterparts. He made the assertion on Saturday at the 11th graduation ceremony of Glisten International Academy, Abuja.

VERDICT: False

VERIFICATION: In verifying the claim by Mr Shehu, Daily Trust sought to find out the parameters used in ranking universities globally.

Consequently, findings by this newspaper show that four key parameters are used to rank universities worldwide. They are teaching, research capacity, international diversity and financial sustainability.

Sustainable funding

Daily Trust observes that the budgetary allocation to the education sector by the 36 states of the federation, all of which own at least one university each, shows that only paltry sums are budgeted for funding tertiary institutions.

For instance, while the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) convention recommends 25 per cent for the sector, Nigeria is lagging behind as it has not achieved even 15 per cent allocation to the education sector.

In the 2022 budget, the education sector got only N1.29 trillion representing 7.9 per cent of the total budget of about N18 trillion.

This shows that the allocation is less than 10 per cent even though UNESCO recommended that developing nations should give up to 25 per cent of their annual budgets to public education.

Further checks show that so far in the Buhari administration, the federal government has only released about N3.5 trillion to education and this represents less than 10 per cent, compared to defense, which has gulped trillions of naira without the desired results justifying the huge spending.

This critical sector has been deprived of adequate funding with a dearth of infrastructure, poor welfare, inadequate staffing among the challenges impeding the sector and hampering effective learning across primary, secondary and tertiary institutions.

Research capacity

Checks by Daily Trust also revealed that the research base in Nigerian universities has been below average for quite some time now.

In fact, the research capacity of Nigerian lecturers has been a subject of discourse at different fora, with experts calling on the federal government, through the Tertiary Education Trust Fund, to improve research funding for lecturers.

Worthy of note is the fact that Nigerian lecturers, in most cases, are sponsored to carry out research in foreign universities so they can deploy the knowledge learnt in their mother institution.

Teaching

In terms of teaching, there have been sustained calls by experts for improvement in methods, especially in the adoption of technology in impacting knowledge, as the current trend in Nigerian universities is far below standard.

In fact, the founder of Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti, Chief Afe Babalola (SAN), had advocated the re-introduction of teacher training education, which was scrapped years ago by the federal government.

The renowned lawyer expressed fear that unless appropriate damage control mechanisms are taken without further delay, many Nigerian graduates would likely continue to be unemployable.

He said: “The state of education in Nigeria today is no doubt deplorable and highly undesirable at all levels. Tertiary education, in particular, has become a mere formal process for obtaining higher certificates without imparting the substance for which the institutions were established.

“Some of the problems are traced to poor teaching and learning methods, among others. A very critical area which has also been neglected is that of quality teaching methods.”

He said it was difficult for any foreign university to go on strike as the system is well grounded with adequate teaching and learning facilities backed by funding that makes the system work.

International Diversity

For most experts in the education sector, that Nigerian universities are ranked so low should not have come as a surprise because the country’s public universities are hardly patronised by foreigners, rather, the reverse is the case. In fact, it becomes difficult for foreigners to attend Nigerian universities as a result of the fact that consistently, teaching and research are interrupted by prolonged Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) strikes.

For instance, checks by Daily Trust have shown that for more than four months now, Nigeria’s public universities have not been in session because of yet another strike embarked on by the lecturers’ union.

This means that the universities whose rankings are to be assessed are not even in session.

Under the administration of President Muhammadu Buhari, undergraduates in universities across the country have lost not less than 13 months of their educational calendar, owing to recurring strike actions by the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU).

The ongoing strike by ASUU began on February 14, 2022, to demand better conditions of service as contained in the agreement it reached with the government in 2009.

Foreign universities now abode for politicians’ children

Meanwhile, Daily Trust recently reported how foreign universities have now become an abode for children of rich Nigerians, especially politicians.

Most recently, Jordan Nyesom-Wike, son of Rivers State Governor Nyesom Wike graduated from the University of Exeter, United Kingdom – on July 11.

Wike was a minister of state for Education under the Goodluck Jonathan’s administration.

Same goes to Mohammed Sani Badaru, the son of Jigawa State Governor Badaru Abubakar, who also graduated from Brunel University London, United Kingdom, on July 14, 2022.

Similarly, Mayo, a son of Gbenga Daniel, a former governor of Ogun State, graduated with a master’s degree from the University of London, England.

Mayo is said to have earned the degree in real estate on July 20 this year.

No Nigerian university among top 300 universities in the World – Report

According to the latest Times Higher Education Impact Rankings, the best university in Nigeria, is Afe Babalola University Ado-Ekiti, (ABUAD) which ranks 400th in the global rankings.

The Times Higher Education Impact Rankings measure global universities’ successes in delivering the United Nations’ 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the discharge of their academic activities – teaching, research and community service (outreach) and stewardship.

The latest ranking, The 2022 Impact Rankings, is the fourth edition, and the overall ranking includes 1,406 universities from 106 countries or regions.

The rankings analysed more than 108 million citations across over 14.4 million research publications and included survey responses from almost 22,000 scholars globally.

Consequently, no African country made it to the top 100 universities in the ranking. The best-ranked university in the continent, according to the report, is South Africa’s University of Cape Town, at 183rd position. In Nigeria, the universities of Ibadan and Lagos ranked 401st and 501 respectively.

CONCLUSION: Following world universities rankings and the current state of education in Nigeria, Daily Trust concludes that Nigerian universities are not better than their foreign counterparts, as such, the claim by Garba Shehu is FALSE.

FACT CHECK: Has William Ruto Won Kenyan Presidential Election?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: William Ruto has won the Kenyan Presidential Election.

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: A viral tweet in the early hours of Wednesday, declared a candidate in the 2022 Kenyan Presidential election, Dr. Williams Ruto, as the winner of the keenly contested poll.

The tweet read, “By all the powers vested upon me by Africa’s revolutionary heroes, I hereby declare that based on preliminary tallies of form 34As, Dr. @WilliamsRuto has won Kenya’s Presidential election by 54.5% of all valid votes cast. The lead is insurmountable. Thank you Patriots. Viva!”

Another tweet claimed that “based on an accurate tabulation of all form 34As, @WilliamsRuto has won.” “Patriots must ensure that the NIS agents don’t intercept the physical forms and alter them. All forms must be delivered in OPEN SPACES at BOMAS, displayed and talkies TRANSPARENTLY. Not inside rooms,” the post added.

VERIFICATION: Checks by Daily Trust revealed that more than 99 per cent of results forms had been electronically submitted by polling centres to the commission on Wednesday, but it still must verify them with the physical forms.

It was observed that high-profile supporters of the two leading candidates were tweeting claims of victory, citing counts based on more than 46,000 results forms posted online by the electoral commission.

As a result, human rights groups on Wednesday warned anxious Kenyans over “rising levels of false or misleading information being shared on social media” as the country awaited the results of the presidential election.

Also, Amnesty International Kenya and other groups had in a statement, urged Kenyans to consider all results provisional until the electoral commission announces the official results to reduce the risks of violence or claims of rigging. Although official election results must be announced within a week of the vote, the electoral commission indicated it would be at least Thursday before a winner is declared.

To win the presidential race in the first round, a candidate needs more than half of all the votes cast across the country; and at least 25% of the votes cast in a minimum of 24 counties.

Evidence proves that tallying was still ongoing as of the time of this report. In a confirmation by the electoral commission chair, Wafula Chebukati, a winner will be declared soonest. Therefore, the claim that Williams Ruto has won the Kenyan Presidential election is false and should be disregarded.

WHY WE FACT CHECKED THIS: This fact check was carried out to provide facts to fake news that might reduce trust in public institutions.

FACT CHECK: Video Depicting Terrorist Attack on Zuma Checkpoint false

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

VERDICT: False

CLAIM: A video which purportedly showed terrorists attacking a military checkpoint close to Zuma Rock along the Abuja-Kaduna Expressway penultimate Thursday had gone viral.

VERIFICATION: In a bid to determine where the video was shot, a key frame analysis on an online verification tool, Invid, to know whether the already exist on the internet did not bring up any result, indicating the video is new but the scene in the video gave some clue to show it was not shot in Abuja.

The video showed the attack took place on a deserted road with scanty tress planted at its corridor while a stretch of sand can be seen dominating the land in the location, Thus, giving the impression it was shot in a desert area. This is unlike the Zuma rock axis which is populated while some areas have vegetation that can be linked to the rainy season.

Similarly, the road in the video was one lane but the Abuja-Kaduna expressway has two lanes. The timing of the video showed it was shot in day time but eyewitness accounts said the attack happened in the night around 7.30pm.

Also, the Abuja-Kaduna Expressway is a busy road that served as an artery that connects travellers from the southern part of the country to the north and despite cases of security breaches, it witnesses lots of traffic.

In the video, the terrorist had motorcycles which they later used to pursue their adversary when they gained superior firepower but for the Zuma attack, Daily Trust had reported that the attackers were seen alighting from a gulf car before shooting at the military personnel.

CONCLUSION: The video which is being circulated as the terrorists’ attack on a military checkpoint in Zuma rock axis is not true as the background in the video did not match its description.

FACT CHECK: Did Tinubu’s Daughter Ask Him To Drop Presidential Ambition As Claimed In Viral Video?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

CLAIM: Tinubu’s daughter is opposed to her father’s desperation to be president.

VERDICT: FALSE

CONTEXT: A viral Twitter post, attributed to belong to the daughter of the All Progressive Congress presidential nominee, Bola Ahmed Tinubu, shows her cautioning him to drop his presidential ambition on the grounds that he is not fit for the position. In the video, the woman called Tinubu her father at different points while making her point.

VERIFICATION: Checks conducted by our partners at Daily Trust revealed that the caption is misleading as the video was originally posted on Instagram by an activist and Instagram influencer, Adetoun Onajobi on her official page, (justadetoun) in July.

Further checks gathered that she referred to Tinubu as her “father” in the video figuratively, because she considers him a father out of respect and the relationship he has with her husband. This is supported by her interview on the Channels TV show, Rubbin’ Minds, that “Tinubu is like a father to me but I will never endorse him.”

cdd fact check

We can confirm that the video is misleading and was not made by any of Tinubu’s biological children.

WHY WE FACT-CHECKED THIS: The claim was done to avert any attempt to discredit any candidate based on fake news and misinformation.

CDD Fact Check: Does Nigeria Have About 190k Polling Units?

By Fact Check, Fact Checks, Fake NewsNo Comments

VERDICT: False

CLAIM: CDD fact checkers spotted a trending tweet by Daniel Bwala, a lawyer and until recently served as a special adviser on legal matters to the Deputy Senate President, Ovie Omo-Agege.

On August 1, 2022, Mr. Bwala claimed there are about 190,000 polling units in Nigeria. He also maintained that a minimum of three-party agents are required at the polling unit.

The tweet reads: “There are about 190k polling units in Nigeria. A party needs a minimum of 3 agents in each polling unit; 570k human beings in total. “That’s structure existing not on social media. Anyway, it will be clearer as we approach elections. Insult is not a substitute for structure”.

FACT CHECK PROCESS: CDD Fact check on the claim indicated that Daniel Bwala’s data were inaccurate. As at August 2, 2022, the tweet has garnered over 3,000 (626 retweets, 190 Quotes and 2,333 likes) engagements and still growing.

According to the Election Management Body, there are 176,846 polling units listed on the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) website. INEC, on June 16th, 2021, removed polling units from ‘inappropriate’ places and worship centers across the country. The commission’s chairman, Mahmood Yakubu, disclosed this at a meeting with Resident Electoral Commissioners (RECs) in Abuja.

At the meeting, he unveiled the locations of the newly created 56,872 Polling Units (PUs) and also announced other electoral arrangements. With the creation of the new PUs, Mr. Yakubu said, Nigeria now has 176,846 full-fledged polling units against its initial 119,974 PUs in the 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). He pegged the total number of polling units removed from ‘inappropriate places’ at 749.

Mr Bwala also claimed a party needs a minimum of three party agents in each polling units. Fact check on INEC’s pocketbook for party agents, clearly state that a political party is limited to one agent in each of polling units, as against three agents claimed by Mr. Bwala.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that there are 176,846 polling units in Nigeria and not about 190,000. Additionally, there is a limit of one agent rather than three per polling unit as claimed by Mr. Bwala.

Mr.  Bwala’s data on his tweet are wrong and therefore false.

As the country heads to 2023 general elections, there are several misleading contents online, CDD therefore urges citizens and voters to be careful of content they share, online and offline.

FACT CHECK: Are 17 security agencies headed by one section of Nigeria as claimed by Atiku?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CONTEXT: Alhaji Atiku Abubakar, the 2023 presidential candidate of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), has said if elected, his government will ensure that appointments to security agencies are fair and balanced.

Atiku also claimed that the 17 security agencies in the country are being headed by a particular section of the country under the current administration of President Muhammadu Buhari.
He made the claim during an interview with Arise Television’s Reuben Abati and Tundun Abiola on Friday.

Claim 1: Nigeria has 17 federal security agencies

Verdict: FALSE

What are security agencies?

Security agencies are government organisations that are in charge of activities that border on intelligence for the internal security of a nation, which could be either domestic or foreign.

In addition, security agencies could also be in the practice of conducting counterintelligence to thwart other countries’ foreign intelligence efforts.

They are also saddled with the responsibility of protecting the territorial integrity and sovereignty of a country.

Checks by Daily Trust show that the major security agencies in Nigeria are 10; namely, State Security Services (SSS), National Intelligence Agency (NIA), Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), the armed forces (comprising the Nigerian Army, Navy and Air force) as well as the Nigeria Police Force (NPF).

Others are the Nigeria Customs Service, Nigerian Correctional Service, Nigerian Security and Civil Defense Corps (NSCDC) and the Nigeria Immigration Service.

Consequently, Daily Trust sought the input of a security expert on why only these agencies are classified as security agencies when there are other paramilitary agencies that also carry out national security functions.

A security expert, Bello Abdulmajid, confirmed that the above-mentioned listed organisations are the basic and key security agencies in the country.

“The SSS, DIA and the NIA basically do intelligence information sharing. While the Army, Air Force and Navy ensure that the country is shielded and protected against enemies of the state.

“The Nigeria Police Force is in charge of maintaining law and order, Customs and Immigration are always at the borders to guard against smuggling of dangerous weapons as well as migration of foreigners or terrorists into the country respectively.

“Also, the Civil Defense does the work of protecting critical infrastructure and facilities of government while  Prisons Service, as it was known before, is in charge of isolating criminals from law-abiding citizens in their facilities.”

Speaking further, Abdulmajid said the number of security agencies in the country cannot be up to 17, except the former vice president mistook some law enforcement agencies and civil outfits to be part of security agencies.

He said, “I suspect Mr. Atiku had combined other agencies that share intelligence with security agencies and categorised them as security agencies

“For instance, the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA), the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) and the Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission (ICPC) are all law enforcement agencies because they share intelligence with security agencies.

“They are only law enforcement agencies and not security agencies. Many people make the mistake of categorising them as security agencies whereas they are not.”

Speaking further, the security expert said: “Most times I also hear people call the road safety corps and fire service as security agencies of government, but they are not. They are civil agencies of the government and not security agencies.

“The function of the fire service is to fight the outbreak of fire incidents in both public and private buildings and facilities, and road safety ensures that motorists maintain rules while on Nigerian roads. So where is the security function? These are just civil agencies and nothing more.

“You recall that the House of Representatives has rejected a bill proposing to arm personnel of the Federal Fire Service.

“The bill was meant to grant firefighters the power to bear arms to protect themselves from mob attacks while responding to emergencies. The lawmakers rejected the bill based on the fact that the Federal Fire Service is a civil outfit and not a security agency.

“So I think the PDP presidential candidate added security, law enforcement and civil agencies of government together to make it 17, which in the real sense is not true.”

Another security expert, Kabiru Adamu, said although some agencies like the NDLEA, ICPC and EFCC are law enforcement agencies, “they can be subsumed into security agencies in a general description.”

“Some of these law enforcement agencies are categorised as law enforcement agencies because they share intelligence with security agencies which is why, in a general description, they are subsumed and categorised as security agencies.

“However, in a distinction classification, agencies like the NDLEA and EFCC remain law enforcement agencies by nature of their constitutional mandate,” Mr Adamu told Daily Trust.

Conclusion: Following the findings by Daily Trust and expert opinion on the number of security agencies in Nigeria, the claim by Mr. Atiku Abubakar that Nigeria has 17 security agencies is false.

Claim 2: Nigeria’s 17 security agencies are all headed by one section of the country.

Verdict: False

Daily Trust checks show that although the majority of the national security agencies are headed by people from northern Nigeria, there are also those headed by southerners.

State Security Service

The State Security Service (SSS), otherwise known as the Department of State Services (DSS), is the basic domestic intelligence agency of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

The agency is primarily responsible for gathering information and intelligence within the country, especially for the protection of senior government officials, such as the president and state governors. The agency is headed by Mr. Yusuf Magaji Bichi from Kano State, North West geo-political zone.

NIA

The National Intelligence Agency (NIA) is a federal government agency responsible for overseeing foreign intelligence and counterintelligence operations.

The NIA is also one of the entities created after the National Security Organization (NSO) was dissolved and the country’s security services were being restructured.

The NIA is headed by Amb. Abubakar Ahmed Rufai, who hails from Katsina State, North West geo-political zone.

Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA)

The Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA) is the basic military intelligence agency of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The agency was established in 1986 and is responsible for providing an efficient means of obtaining military intelligence for the Nigerian Armed Forces and Ministry of Defence.

The DIA is headed by Maj. Gen. Samuel Adebayo, who is from Ekiti State, South West geo-political zone.

Armed Forces

The Armed Forces of Nigeria comprise the Nigerian Army, Navy and Air Force. The Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces is President Muhammadu Buhari. However, the coordinator of the three Armed Forces is the Chief of Defence Staff, who is General Lucky Irabor from Delta State, South South geo-political zone.

Nigerian Army

The Nigerian Army is the land division/branch of the Nigerian armed security guard services. It is the largest of the armed forces. The Chief of Army Staff is Lt. General Faruk Yahaya from Sokoto State, North West geo-political zone.

Nigerian Navy

The Nigerian Navy is the sea division/branch of the Nigerian Armed Forces. The Chief of Naval Staff is Rear Admiral Awwal Zubairu Gambo from Kano State, North West geo-political zone.

Nigerian Air Force

The Nigerian Air Force is one of the largest in Africa, consisting of about 10,000 personnel. It is responsible for aerial support for the other divisions of the armed forces. The current Chief of Air Staff is Air Marshall Oladayo Isiaka Amao from Osun State, in the South West geo-political zone.

Nigeria Police Force

The Nigeria Police Force is mandated to protect people’s lives and property; prevent, detect and investigate crime; and prosecute offenders. It is headed by the Inspector General of Police, Usman Alkali Baba, from Yobe State, in the North East geo-political zone.

The Nigeria Immigration Service

The Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS) is the federal government organisation responsible for border security and migration management in the country.

The NIS has witnessed a series of changes since it was extracted from the Nigeria Police Force in 1958.

 The service is saddled with the responsibility of issuing all Nigerian travel documents, which include the Nigerian passport. The agency is currently headed by Idris Isah Jere from Kaduna State, North Central geo-political zone.

Nigeria Customs Service

The Nigeria Customs Service is an independent customs service under the supervisory oversight of the Nigerian Ministry of Finance. It is responsible for the collection of customs revenue; facilitation of both national and international trade.

The NCS also undertakes anti-smuggling activities, which is one of its security functions. The service is currently under the leadership of retired Col. Hameed Ali () who hails from Bauchi State, North East geo-political zone.

Nigerian Correctional Service

The Nigerian Correctional Service (NCoS), formerly the Nigerian Prison Service (NPS), is a federal government agency that operates prisons.

The Comptroller General of the Correctional Service in Nigeria is Haliru Nababa from Sokoto State, North West.

Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC)

The primary function of the NSCDC is to protect lives and properties in conjunction with the Nigeria Police. Also, one of the crucial functions of the corps is the protection of pipelines from vandalism, and in rare cases, the agency is also involved in crisis resolution efforts.

 The NSCDC is currently under the leadership of Ahmed Abubakar Audi as the Commandant General. He hails from Nasarawa State, North Central.

Conclusion:  Findings by Daily Trust show that although many of the heads of security agencies are from Northern Nigeria, the claim by Mr. Atiku is false as some of them also come from the southern part of the country.

FACT CHECK: Did National Grid Collapse 18 Times In 2022?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

CLAIM: The national grid has collapsed 18 times in 2022

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: An online news site published a news report on its website saying the “National Grid has collapsed for the 18th time in 2022.”

VERIFICATION: In verifying the claim, Daily Trust chronicled the number of times the national grid collapsed in 2022 and found out that it was five times this year, and not 18 times. The latest system collapse being the fifth this year, occurred around 12 noon when the grid went blank. Before now the country experienced similarly collapse on 14 March, 9 April, 10 May and 12 June respectfully.

WHY WE FACT CHECKED THIS: This claim was fact checked to provide the facts to citizens to avoid inflammatory statements leading to potentially volatile responses.

FACT CHECK: Did Hollywood Actor, Tom Hanks, Endorse Peter Obi?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

CLAIM: Tom Hanks, a Hollywood actor, has endorsed the Labour Party presidential candidate, Peter Obi

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: A post that has been in circulation on social media claims that Tom Hanks, a Hollywood actor, has endorsed the Labour Party presidential candidate, Peter Obi, via a tweet.

VERIFICATION: Checks by our partners at Daily Trust revealed that the post in circulation is false. Interestingly, the last time Hanks tweeted with his verified handle was two years ago, on 22 May, 2020.

Also, the claim that Americans had a standing ovation is false and misleading as there was no account of such in the media.

We can confirm after verification that the post in circulation suggesting Tom Hanks made a tweet endorsing Peter Obi is false.

WHY WE FACT CHECKED THIS: Political campaigns are the source of misleading information, designed to promote or denigrate candidacies. The Centre has fact-checked this to avoid misinformation playing a part in the electoral process.

FACT CHECK: Did APC National Secretary, Iyiola Omisore, Share Money During the Election?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

CLAIM: APC National Secretary, Iyiola Omisore, was spotted distributing cash to voters during Osun Election.

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: A video has surfaced online showing the National Secretary of the All Progressives Congress, Iyiola Omisore, distributing cash and clothing materials to a crowd at an open space decorated for an event. In the video, the politician can be seen wearing a green traditional attire with a cap to match sharing N2,000 to individuals, mostly women. The post was made on 14th July, 2022, and had been retweeted several times.

VERIFICATION: To investigate the claim, our partners at Daily Trust carried out a key frame analysis of the video using InVid, an online video verification tool, which revealed that the video had been on the internet since 2014.

The video was first posted by YNaija in a report titled, “#OsunDecides: Thousands gather in Osogbo as Omisore shares cash.” Part of the report reads, “There were thousands of people at the field beside the OYESTECH training centre in Osogbo this afternoon. They were there to receive a sum of money per person from the Omisore Youth Support Foundation (OYSF).”

The result of the investigation revealed that the video alleging that Omisore was buying votes in today’s governorship election in Osun State is an old video aimed to disinform as such should be disregarded as it is false.

WHY WE FACT CHECKED THIS: CDD fact checked this to avoid swaying voters and to avoid complications when result of the election is published.

FACT CHECK: Did Adeleke’s Son Share Money To Voters In Osun?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

CLAIM: Adeleke’s son, Adebayo ‘B-Red’ Adeleke, was recorded sharing money to people on the street.

VERDICT: FALSE

CONTEXT: A 15-second video showing the son of Senator Ademola Adeleke, the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) governorship candidate in Osun State, sharing money for people on the street has been posted on Twitter.

The video was captioned “Ademola Adeleke’s son Bred sharing money to voters.”

In the video, Bred was seen giving out N500 notes randomly to people who seem excited to see him.

There were two security men between him and the crowd who were trying to prevent them from getting closer to his car.

The tweet by one Qudus Akanbi Eleyi had amassed over 2,000 views, over 100 likes, and retweets, and more than 40 comments as of the time of filing this report.

VERIFICATION:

Our partners at Daily Trust ascertained that the claim was made by a Twitter user, Qudus Akanbi Eleyi, and the tweet had amassed over 2,000 views, over 100 likes, and retweets, and more than 40 comments as of the time of filing this report. During investigation, we found out that the video was recorded in Lagos State days before the Osun gubernatorial election that took place on 16 July. The singer was only sharing money with fans who were happy to see him upon his arrival in Lagos State. Several comments under tweet confirmed our findings. One of such comments read “why this hate? This is when this guy landed in Lagos airport, why are you all posting this video?”. Another read “This was the day he landed from abroad two days ago. He met people on the road, and they begged him for money which he gave them. This is not today.”

We can confirm that the video in circulation suggesting that Adebayo ‘B-Red’ Adeleke was sharing money to voters on behalf of his father is false.

WHY WE FACT CHECKED THIS: The election information space is saturated with several claims that are targeted at the candidates that could either incite violence or sway votes. This fake news had the potential of the later and as such was debunked by CDD.

FACT CHECK: Are 40% of Osun Voters Between 18-34 years?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: 40% of Osun voters are between the ages of 18 -34.

VERDICT: TRUE

CONTEXT: On the 16th of July 2022, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted a claim which stated that almost 40% of registered voters in the Osun 2022 Gubernatorial Election are between 18-34.

VERIFICATION: Fact-checkers of CDD investigated the claim and our findings according to data provided by Kimpact Development Initiative (KDI) a non-profit organisation in Osun state records that the gender disaggregation of registered voters shows that 52.76% of registered voters is female while 47.24%.  The data shows that the youth (18- 34 years) which has the highest representation of voters is 39.7%, while the middle-aged represent 32.5%, the elderly 19.2% and the old 8.51%.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the claim about 40% of Osun Voters being between 18 -34 years is True

CDD is urging members of the public to verify from certified source before sharing any news report especially, from a random WhatsApp status