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FACT CHECK: Did President Buhari Meet 5 Katsina LGA Chairmen Over Insecurity?

By Fact Check, UncategorizedNo Comments

Verdict: False

Claim:

On Tuesday, July 28, 2020, the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) fact-checkers spotted a picture of President Muhammadu Buhari sitting with six people in a room.

The viral photograph shared on Facebook claims the President met with five Local Government Area chairmen of Jibia, Safana, Faskari, Danmusa and Sabuwa all in Katsina state over insecurity issues.

The picture with the Hausa caption created the impression that President Buhari discussed banditry and growing insecurity in his home state.

FACT:

An investigation conducted by CDD fact-checkers shows that contrary to the claim widely shared on Facebook, those in the picture were not chairmen of Sabuwa, Safana, Batsari, Faskari and Danmusa LGAs of Katsina State.

The other men in the picture are African leaders who met with President Buhari during his visit to Mali on Tuesday, July 23, 2020.

The Africa leaders in the picture are President Muhammadu Buhari, Chairman of the Authority of Heads of State and Government of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), President Mahamadou Issoufou of Niger and President Ibrahim Keita of Mali.

Others are President Machy Sall of Senegal; Nana Akufo-Addo of Ghana; Alassane Ouattara of Cote d’Ivoire and the ECOWAS Special Envoy, former President Goodluck Jonathan.

CDD fact-checks also show that the African leaders met with President Buhari as part of the intervention to resolve the political crisis in Mali.

CONCLUSION

The picture circulating on Facebook claiming President Buhari had a meeting with five LGA chairmen in Katsina over insecurity is false. 

The people in the picture taken on Tuesday, July 23, 2020, are African leaders who met with the President during his visit to Mali.

CDD urges members of the public to disregard the picture and stop sharing it.

You can also forward suspicious messages for verification at +2349062910568 or contact us on twitter @CDDWestAfrica @CDDWestAfrica_H

#StopFakeNews #StopDisinformation

FACT CHECK: Does Hydroxychloroquine Cure COVID-19?

By Fact Check, UncategorizedNo Comments

VERDICT: No Sufficient Evidence to Shows It Does

Since Monday, July 27, a video of a United States of America-based physician, Stella Immanuel has continued to trend on almost all the online platforms.

The video first published by media outlet, Breitbart News, featured a group of people wearing white laboratory coats calling themselves “America’s Frontline Doctors” at a press conference in front of the US Supreme Court in Washington, DC.

In the video, Stella, a preacher makes a passionate argument about the use of hydroxychloroquine – a medication used to prevent and treat malaria – to cure Coronavirus disease.

According to the preacher and physician, she has used a combination of hydroxychloroquine, zinc and Zithromax (Azithromycin) to treat 350 patients who visited her clinic. 

Stella also argues that hydroxychloroquine cures Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). 

“This virus has a cure, it is called hydroxychloroquine, zinc, and Zithromax,” the woman claims. 

Also, in her claim, the US-based physician said face masks are not needed for the prevention of the disease which has ravaged the globe.

“You don’t need masks, there is a cure,” Stella said.

While Stella’s video has been viewed millions of times and shared by thousands around the world, Facebook has blocked her account for violating its rules.

The video also posted on her channel was also blocked by YouTube.

In a reaction to its action, Facebook said it removed Stella’s account and the videos for sharing false information about cures and treatments for COVID-19. 

FACT

In June 2020, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) revoked emergency use of hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19 patients in the US.

The FDA said that mounting evidence shows the drug provides no clinical benefit and in some cases may cause heart-related complications.

Earlier this month, the World Health Organization announced its plan to discontinue the use of hydroxychloroquine and lopinavir/ritonavir for the COVID-19 treatment plan. 

The global health agency said it was following the recommendation from the Solidarity Trials International Steering Committee established to find an effective COVID-19 treatment for hospitalized patients.

WHO said findings submitted by the committee show that hydroxychloroquine and lopinavir/ritonavir produce little or no reduction in the mortality of hospitalized COVID-19 patients when compared to standard of care.

In a reaction to Stella’s video, Andrew McLachlan, who is the head of Sydney Pharmacy School at the University of Sydney said the physician’s reaction was emotion ridden.

“Passion and anecdote do not provide convincing evidence of safety and efficacy of hydroxychloroquine in treating and preventing COVID-19,”.

“Good evidence to guide practice comes from carefully controlled studies, scrutiny of the results and peer review to ensure findings and claims are robust and correct,” McLachlan said.

Also, with Nigeria being part of the clinical trial on hydroxychloroquine which commenced in March, the Health Ministry warned that the research is yet to show that drug is effective in the treatment of COVID-19.

Also, in June, a preliminary independent trial sponsored by LiveWell Initiative was conducted on the use of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine as prophylaxis for COVID-19, in collaboration with frontline healthcare workers in Nigeria.  

The hypothesis testing was carried out among physicians, researchers, pharmacists and clinicians. 

According to a statement released by the chief executive officer of LWI, Bisi Bright, and published Punch’s HealthWise, 123 volunteers were involved in the study of which 110 were on prophylaxis and 23 on treatment.

Bright concluded that: “Although it has been proven that chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine are effective in the early treatment of COVID-19, more studies will be needed due to the small sample size deployed while quinine is effective in the advanced stage of COVID-19 including ICU,” she said.

Also, in reaction to the trending video of Dr Stella Immanuel, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control issued a statement cautioning the public. 

The Centre wrote on its verified Twitter account: ‘’Remember, there is NO specific cure for #COVID19. Some trial drugs show promising results but are yet to be validated for use. In Nigeria, the use of hydroxychloroquine is ONLY limited to clinical trials. Please #TakeResponsibility and avoid self-medication.” 

The Centre said there is ample evidence to show that Stella’s claim that the use of a face mask is not needed to prevent the spread of coronavirus is false.

According to NCDC, the wearing of face masks is recommended due to the role played by respiratory droplets in the spread of the virus paired with emerging evidence from clinical and laboratory studies.

The NCDC said the studies show that cloth face coverings reduce the spray of droplets when worn over the nose and mouth.

CONCLUSION

There is currently no sufficient evidence to show that hydroxychloroquine cures COVID-19 as alleged by Dr Stella Immanuel. 

Also, Stella’s claim that face masks are not needed to prevent the spread of the disease is not scientifically proven.

Information is very important. False information can lead people into taking steps and actions that have grave consequences such as self-medicating on hydroxychloroquine following this viral claim.

The Houston-based physician’s claims conflict multiple studies on the anti-malarial drug and advice from public health officials to prevent the spread of COVID-19.

CDD urges members of the public to always verify all information before disseminating them.

You can also forward suspicious messages for verification at +2349062910568 or contact us on twitter @CDDWestAfrica.

#StopFakeNews #StopDisinformation 

Raymond Abbas Da Akafi Sani Da Suna Hushpuppi Yana Cigaba da Zama a Gidan Yari a Kasar Amurka

By Fact Check, UncategorizedNo Comments

Tushen Magana:

A ranar Laraba, 22 ga watan Yulin shekara ta 2020, masu tantance sahihancin labari na Cibiyar Bunkasa Demokaradiyya da Cigaba (CDD) suka gano wani labari da akayita yadawa shafukan sada zumunta na zamani cewa ansaki Raymond Abbas da akafi sani da suna Hushpuppi daga gidan yari a kasar Amurka inda ake rike dashi dan jiran shari’a bisa zargin aikata zanba cikin aminci da danfara.

Labarin wanda aka yadashi sosai a dandanlin WhatsApp da sauran shafukan sada zumunta na zamani ya bayyana cewa Hushpuppi ya shaki iskar yanci daga zarge-zargen da ake masa na aikata danfara ta hanyar yanar gizo.

Zaurukan yanar gizo da yawa sun wallafa labarin, GH Gossip na daya daga cikin su

Binciken da masu tantance sahihancin labarai na CDD sun gano cewa labarin cewa ansaki Hushpuppi karya ne.

Abinda ya faru shine, Hushpuppi wanda ake zargi da aikata danfara, an canja inda ake tsare dashi ne. Hukumar binciken manyan laifuka ta kasar Amurka FBI ta sauya masa matsuguni ne daga wani gidan yari zuwa wani.

Hoton Hushpuppi da za’a iya gani daga sama acikin wannan jawabi hoto ne da aka samo shi daga shafin yanar gizo na hukumar binciken manyan laifuka ta kasar Amurka FBI an wallafa shi ne a ranar 20 ga Yulin shekara ta 2020.

Da yake jawabi dangane da batun, lauyan Hushpuppi, Gal Pissetzky ya bayyana cewa an canzawa wanda yake karewa wato Hushpuppi gidan yari ne daga inda aka fara tsare shi dan fara fuskantar shari’a.

Jaridar  Premium Times ta rawaito lauyan Hushpuppi yana cewa “ba gaskiya bane cewa ansaki Hushpuppi, kawai an canja masa gidan yari ne inda aka mayar dashi jahar California”.

A ranar Laraba, 22 ga watan Yulin shekara ta 2020, lauyan ya gayawa manema labarai cewa canjawa Hushpuppi gidan yari baya nufin sake shi.

Idan za’ iya tunawa dai a farko watan Yulin da muke ciki ne yan sanda a hadaddiyar daular larabawa ta Dubai suka café Hushpuppi bias zargin danfarar mutane ta hanyar yanar gizo daga sassa daban-daban na duniya kudade da yawan su yakai 1,926,400. Zargin dake kansa shi kadai na danfarar mutane yakai kudade da yawansu yakai biliyan 168. Anfara gabatar dashi a wata kotu da take Chicago kafin daga baya a mayar dashi California.

A halin yanzu hukumar binciken manyan laifuka ta kasara Amurka wato FBI ne ke lura da shari’ar Hushpuppi din.

Kammalawa:

Labarin da ake yadawa cewa ansaki Hushpuppi karya ne. Kawai an canjawa Hushpuppi gidan yari ne inda aka mayar dashi wani gidan yari a California inda zai cigaba da fuskantan shari’a akan zarge-zargen da suka shafi danfara.

CDD na jan hankalin jama’a das u guji yada labaran da basu da sahihanci, CDD har wayau na karfafawa mutane gwiwa da su rika tantance sahihancin labarai kafin yada su.

Kuna iya aikowa CDD labaran da kuke da tantama akansu domin tantancewa ta wannan lambar waya: +2349062910568 ko a shafin Twitter ta hanyar wannan adireshi: @CDDWestAfrica @CDDWestAfrica_H.

##AgujiYadaLabaranBogi

FACT CHECK: FG Did Not Order Resumption of All Secondary Schools

By Fact Check, UncategorizedNo Comments

VERDICT: Misleading

CLAIM: On Monday, July 27, 2020, several blogs and online platforms published claims that the Federal Government had ordered all secondary school students to resume on August 4, 2020.

The reports mostly with the headline: “BREAKING: FG orders secondary schools students to resume August 4’’claimed that the Director of Press and Public Relations in the Ministry of Education gave the directive for the resumption of schools.

FACT: 

The Federal Ministry of Education did not direct the reopening of all secondary schools in the country. 

The only directive given by the FG was for the resumption of examination classes – Junior Secondary School 3 and Senior Secondary School 3.

While the headlines say secondary schools to mean all students, a later part of the report acknowledged the fact that, ‘’Only students in exit classes are expected to resume, so that they can participate in the West African Examination (WAEC) exercise scheduled to begin on August 17, 2020.’’

Also, the statement announcing the resumption directive posted on the Ministry of Education’s Twitter page was captioned, ‘’ATTENTION: EXIT CLASSES TO REOPEN AUGUST 4TH, 2020. Secondary schools in the country are to reopen as from the 4th of August, 2020 for exit classes only.’’

CONCLUSION

The headline that all secondary school students have been directed by the FG to resume classes is misleading.

Only students in exit classes are expected to resume, to enable them to participate in the West African Examination (WAEC) exercise scheduled to begin on August 17, 2020.

Do not be quick to believe or even share news reports, especially when they come from gossip blogs and the pages of social media influencers and news pedlers.

CDD urges members of the public to always verify all information before disseminating them.

You can also forward suspicious messages for verification at +2349062910568 or contact us on twitter @CDDWestAfrica.

#StopFakeNews #StopDisinformation 

FACT-CHECK NEWSLETTER FOR THE WEEK ENDING JULY 24, 2020.

By Fact Check, UncategorizedNo Comments

Four months after the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) confirmed the first case of Coronavirus in Lagos, Nigerian has recorded over 40,000 cases of the deadly virus disease.

Cases of COVID-19 spans across the nation’s 36 states and the FCT even as countering falsehood about the virus is also not on a decline.

The Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) has kept up with fact-checking misinformation around the pandemic and other issues.

Below are some stories we fact-checks last week:

FACT CHECK: Did NCDC Say No State Reported New COVID-19 Cases in 24 Hours?

On Saturday, July 18, 2020, fact-checkers at the CDD spotted a report on NewsExtra claiming that no state in Nigeria reported new cases of Coronavirus (COVID-19) in 24 hours.

The report published with the headline, COVID-19: No state reported a new case in 24 hours –NCDC; further said that the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) announced 653 outstanding cases of the deadly viral disease.

Investigations by CDD fact-checkers show that contrary to the claim by the blog, there were reported cases of COVID-19 cases by the NCDC.

The official Twitter page of the NCDC of the Nigeria Centre of Disease Control (NCDC) on Saturday, July 18, 2020, showed that 653 new cases were recorded across states in the country.

Read full fact check here

FACT CHECK: No Money Belonging to Magu Was Found in Ikoyi Cemetery

Since Monday, July 13 2020, several online blogs in Nigeria have consistently published an image claiming it is Ikoyi Cemetery where monies belonging to suspended Chairman of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), Ibrahim Magu, was discovered.  

Some of the reports claimed the amount found was $150 million.

The images used were altered to include operatives of the anti-corruption agency. The same image was used in April 2017 to make a similar claim by several online blogs.

Also, an investigation by the Centre for Democracy for Development (CDD) fact-checkers show that while the original images were not shot in Nigeria.

For instance, one of the original images showing people at the Batu Arang cemetery was shot in Malaysia while a photograph of someone standing on bundles of money is from a grave in Ecuador.

Read full fact check here

FACT CHECK: Is Buhari the Most Followed African Leader on Twitter?

On Wednesday, July 22, 2020, the News agency of Nigeria (NAN) reported that President Muhammadu Buhari is the most followed African leader on twitter.

NAN, in its report, quoted a report, Twiplomacy Study 2020, which was also used by several online media platforms including Vanguard News, PMNews online, Newswireng, Pulse Nigeria, All Africa.

An investigation by fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) shows that President Buhari is not Africa’s most-followed leader on Twitter. 

A check on the microblogging site, Twitter which Twiplomacy used in its ratings show that the President of Egypt, Abdelfattah Elsisi (@AlsisiOfficial) is the most followed African leader on the social media platform.

The Egyptian President rakes in 4,133,263 followers compared to @MBuhari who has 3,121,169 followers.

Also, in its report, Twiplomacy indicated that President Buhari is the most followed sub-Saharan African leader and not Africa’s most-followed president on Twitter. The Twiplomcy report quoted by NAN was specific about the details.

Part of the Twiplomacy report reads ‘’Muhammadu Buhari, the president of Nigeria, is by far the most followed Sub-Saharan African leader with 3,121,169 followers ahead of Paul Kagame the president of Rwanda with 1,910,159 followers.’’

There are 46 of Africa’s 54 countries in “sub-Saharan”, which excludes Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan, Algeria, Djibouti and Tunisia.

Read full fact check here

FACT CHECK: Raymond ‘Hushpuppi’ Abbas Not Released from US!

On Wednesday, July 22, 2020, the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted a screenshot showing that Ramon Olorunwa Abbas popularly known as Hushpuppi was released from the United States Federal Bureau of prisons.

The screenshots which went viral on WhatsApp and social media platform suggested that Hushpuppi who is facing charges for alleged online fraudulent activities had regained his freedom. 

The report further published by news blogs including GH Gossip, Instablog and many others.

An investigation by fact-checkers at the CDD showed that contrary to the widespread claim online, Hushpuppi has not been released.

The suspected internet fraudster was only transferred from the US FBI prisons to another unnamed facility.

The image shared was screenshot from the website of the FBI facility showed that Abbas, an inmate with BOP Register Number 54313424 was released on July 20, 2020.

Speaking on the controversy surrounding the release, Hushpuppi’s lawyer, Gal Pissetzky, said he (Abbas) was only moved from the FBI prison to another facility in California to commene his trial.

Premium Times reports that Pissetzky said: “These reports are not true. He has not been released. The Bureau of prisons website shows that he was released simply because he is being transferred now to California.”

The California-based lawyer also told journalists on Wednesday, July 22, that he is still serving as Abbas’ representative.

He said: “He has not been ‘released’ and I am still his lawyer, he is on his way to California. Not everything you see on court documents is accurate. 

“Just because the jail record says released does not mean he has been released he is being transferred to California,” Pissetzky added.

Earlier in July, the Dubai police alleged that the 37-year-old Abbas and his gang allegedly defrauded 1,926,400 people from different parts of the world.

Charges against him shows that he stole about 1.6 billion dirhams (N168 billion) from his victim.

He was initially taken to Chicago court and was denied bail before the case was transferred to California. 

The matter is being handled by the federal bureau of investigation (FBI), which took over the case from the Dubai police.

Read the rest of the fact check here

CDD urges the general public to desist from sharing false news without verifying them.

You can also forward suspicious messages for verification at +2349062910568 or contact us on twitter @CDDWestAfrica.

#StopFakeNews #StopDisinformation 

DOWNLOAD NEWSLETTER HERE

FACT CHECK: Raymond 'Hushpuppi' Abbas Not Released from US!

By Fact Check, UncategorizedNo Comments

VERDICT: False

CLAIM:

On Wednesday, July 22, 2020, the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted a screenshot showing that Ramon Olorunwa Abbas popularly known as Hushpuppi was released from the United States Federal Bureau of prisons.

The screenshots which went viral on WhatsApp and social media platform suggested that Hushpuppi who is facing charges for alleged online fraudulent activities had regained his freedom. 

The report further published by news blogs including GH Gossip, Instablog and many others.

FACT:

An investigation by fact-checkers at the CDD showed that contrary to the widespread claim online, Hushpuppi has not been released.

The suspected internet fraudster was only transferred from the US FBI prisons to another unnamed facility.

The image shared was screenshot from the website of the FBI facility showed that Abbas, an inmate with BOP Register Number 54313424 was released on July 20, 2020.

Speaking on the controversy surrounding the release, Hushpuppi’s lawyer, Gal Pissetzky, said he (Abbas) was only moved from the FBI prison to another facility in California to commene his trial.

Premium Times reports that Pissetzky said: “These reports are not true. He has not been released. The Bureau of prisons website shows that he was released simply because he is being transferred now to California.”

The California-based lawyer also told journalists on Wednesday, July 22, that he is still serving as Abbas’ representative.

He said: “He has not been ‘released’ and I am still his lawyer, he is on his way to California. Not everything you see on court documents is accurate. 

“Just because the jail record says released does not mean he has been released he is being transferred to California,” Pissetzky added.

Earlier in July, the Dubai police alleged that the 37-year-old Abbas and his gang allegedly defrauded 1,926,400 people from different parts of the world.

Charges against him shows that he stole about 1.6 billion dirhams (N168 billion) from his victim.

He was initially taken to Chicago court and was denied bail before the case was transferred to California. 

The matter is being handled by the federal bureau of investigation (FBI), which took over the case from the Dubai police.

CONCLUSION:

The claim that Hushpuppi has regained his freedom is false. The suspected internet fraudster was only transferred from FBI prison to another facility in California.

CDD urges the general public to desist from sharing false news without verifying them.

You can also forward suspicious messages for verification at +2349062910568 or contact us on twitter @CDDWestAfrica.

#StopFakeNews #StopDisinformation 

Shin Shugaba Buhari Ne Yafi Kowane Shugaban Kasa Yawan Mabiya a Shafin Twitter a Nahiyar Afrika?

By Fact Check, UncategorizedNo Comments

Tantancewar CDD: Ba Gaskiya Bane

Tushen Magana:

A ranar Laraba, 22 ga watan Yulin shekara ta 2020, kanfanin dallancin labarai na kasa (News Agency of Nigeria-NAN) ya rawaito cewa Shugaba Muhammadu Buhari ne shugaban da yafi yawan mabiya a shafin Twitter a jerin shugabannin Afrika.

Rahoton NAN din ya bada misali da binciken “Twiplmacy Study 2020” wanda majiyoyin sadarwa na yanar gizo dama jaridu irinsu Vanguard News, PMNews Online, Newswireng da Pulse Nigeria da All Africa sukayi anfani dashi.

Gaskiyar Magana:

Kamar yadda binciken kwakwaf ya gano wanda kuma Twitter ke anfani dashi (Twiplamacy) wajen tantance masu yawan mabiya ya zayyana cewa shugaban kasar Masar wato Abdelfattah Elsisi (@AlsisiOfficial) shine shugaban da yafi yawan mabiya a shafin na Twitter a jerin shugabannin Afirka. Yana da mabiya 4,133,263 yayin da Shugaba Buhari (@MBuhari) ke da mabiya 3,121,169

Rahoton Twiplamcy din ya zayyana cewa Shugaba Muhammadu Buhari shine shugaban da yafi yawan mabiya a Twitter a yammacin Afrika amma ba’a fadin Afirka baki daya ba. Rahoton Twiplomacy din da NAN tayi anfani dashi ya zayyana bayanan sa karara.

A screenshot of a cell phone
Description automatically generated

Wani bangare na bincike twiplomacy di yace: “Muhammadu Buhari, shugaban kasar Najeriya shine shugaban da yafi kowane shugaba dake kudancin Sahara a nafiyar Afirka yawan mabiya a shafin Twitter, Buhari yana saman Paul Kagame, shugaban kasar Rwanda da mabiya 1,910,159”.

Akwai kasashe 46 a kudancin Sahara daga cikin kasashe 54 dake nahiyar Afirka. Kasashen Masar, Libiya, Maroko, Somalia, Sudan, Algeria, Djibouti da Tunisia basa cikin jerin kasashen dake kudancin Sahara.

Kudancin Sahara a nahiyar Afirka yana nufin kasashen da kudu da Sahara.

Kammalawa:

Labarin da ake yadawa cewa Shugaba Muhammadu Buhari shine shugaban da yafi kowane shugaban kasa a nahiyar Afirka yawan mabiya a Twitter ba gaskiya bane.

Shugaban kasar Masar wato Abdelfattah Elsisi (@AlsisiOfficial) shine yafi kowane shugaban kasa a nahiyar Afirka yawan mabiya a shafin Twitter, yawan mabiyan sa yakai 4,133,263 kawo karfe goma na safiyar ranar 23 ga watan Yulin shekara ta 2020.

CDD tana karfafawa yan jarida dasu rungumi dabi’ar yin binciken kwakwaf akan labari kafin wallafa shi.

FACT CHECK: Is Buhari the Most Followed African Leader on Twitter?

By Fact CheckNo Comments

VERDICT: False

CLAIM: 

On Wednesday, July 22, 2020, the News agency of Nigeria (NAN) reported that President Muhammadu Buhari is the most followed African leader on twitter.

NAN, in its report, quoted a report, Twiplomacy Study 2020, which was also used by several online media platforms including Vanguard News, PMNews online, Newswireng, Pulse NigeriaAll Africa.

FACT: 

An investigation by fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) shows that President Buhari is not Africa’s most-followed leader on Twitter. 

A check on the microblogging site, Twitter which Twiplomacy used in its ratings show that the President of Egypt, Abdelfattah Elsisi (@AlsisiOfficial) is the most followed African leader on the social media platform with 4,133,263 followers compared to @MBuhari who has 3,121,169 followers.

Also, in its report, Twiplomacy indicated that President Buhari is the most followed sub-Saharan African leader and not Africa’s most-followed president on Twitter. The Twiplomcy report quoted by NAN was specific about the details.

Part of the Twiplomacy report reads ‘’Muhammadu Buhari, the president of Nigeria, is by far the most followed Sub-Saharan African leader with 3,121,169 followers ahead of Paul Kagame the president of Rwanda with 1,910,159 followers.’’

There are 46 of Africa’s 54 countries in “sub-Saharan”, which excludes Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan, Algeria, Djibouti and Tunisia.

Sub-Saharan Africa is geographically the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara. 

CONCLUSION

The claim that President Buhari is the most followed leader in Africa on twitter is false. 

Egypt’s President @AlsisiOfficial is the most followed African leader on Twitter with 4,133,263 as at 10 AM July 23, 2020.

CDD, therefore, urges members of the public to always verify all information before disseminating them.

You can also forward suspicious messages for verification at +2349062910568 or contact us on twitter @CDDWestAfrica.

#StopFakeNews #StopDisinformation 

FACT CHECK: Have Apple, Google Silently Installed COVID-19 Tracking App on Your Phone?

By Fact Check, UncategorizedNo Comments

VERDICT: False

CLAIM: Many users of smartphones across Nigeria have been raising concerns with the claim that Apple or Google has inserted a COVID-19 tracking sensor to their phone without permission. People are forwarding the message on WhatsApp and Facebook and Twitter, warning that an application (App) has been developed to monitor people.


FACT:


Google recently added a new feature which reads “COVID-19 exposure notifications “. This new message appears when you go to the Google Settings on your Android smartphone, like the image below.

However, the new settings are not an App installed on people’s phones to track them or a COVID-19 sensor as you may have read on Facebook, Twitter or WhatsApp messenger.


The Android or IOS are operating systems which host different apps on a device. Just like other updates on the device, what Apple and Google just did is to update their Operating Systems with the framework which allows such an app to function once it becomes available and if you decide to install it.


What you see once you try to use the search engine is the setting for the App, which are in development across the world.


According to the framework developed by the Google and Apple, you will have the option to download and install the App yourself from the respective app store and permit it just like you do with other apps installed on your devices.


You cannot enable COVID-19 Exposure Notifications until you have a particularly app installed on your phone and this cannot be activated until an app – which is not yet available – is downloaded.


Available information to CDD fact-checkers shows that the Nigerian Government has not announced the development of such an app for contact tracing using the new exposure notification system in the country as claimed.


The Lead, COVID-19 Rumour Response Team of the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), Abiodun Egwuenu, said the centre does not have such tracing App.


Egwuenu explained that the App used by the NCDC for contact tracing is the Surveillance Outbreak Response Management and Analysis System (SORMAS).


SORMAS is an open-source mobile eHealth System that processes disease control and outbreak management procedures and early detection of outbreaks through real-time digital surveillance, including peripheral health care facilities and laboratories.

She further told CDD fact-checkers that data are input directly by officials as state and Local Government Area heal officers have access to the App.

WAS IT DONE SECRETLY?
That is not the case. On 10 April 2020, Google and Apple jointly announced that they would integrate functionality to support such Bluetooth-based apps directly into their Android and iOS operating systems.

In the announcement, both companies promised to ‘’release APIs that enable interoperability between Android and iOS devices using apps from public health authorities. These official apps will be available for users to download via their respective app stores.”
The tech companies said, as a follow up to that, they will ‘’work to enable a broader Bluetooth-based contact tracing platform by building this functionality into the underlying platforms.

This is a more robust solution than an API and would allow more individuals to participate’’ but emphasized that the solution is available for those who decide to opt-in and will be synergy with government health authorities.


The full announcement can be seen here Apple and Google partner on COVID-19 contact tracing technology.

CONCLUSION
Google and Apple have not secretly installed a COVID-19 sensor on people’s phones. What they have done is to create the framework on their operating system for such an App to work, and in this case, every individual will have to download by yourself from their respective app stores.

After downloading an App, which will be provided by the health authorities, in the case of Nigeria, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and the Federal Ministry of Health.

You will be required to agree to the various permissions the application requires to work effectively.

CDD, therefore, urges members of the public to always verify all information before disseminating them.

You can also forward suspicious messages for verification at +2349062910568 or contact us on twitter @CDDWestAfrica.

#StopFakeNews #StopDisinformation 

FACT CHECK: No Money Belonging to Magu Was Found in Ikoyi Cemetery

By Fact Check, UncategorizedNo Comments

VERDICT: False

CLAIM:

Since Monday, July 13 2020, several online blogs in Nigeria have consistently published an image claiming it is Ikoyi Cemetery where monies belonging to suspended Chairman of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), Ibrahim Magu, was discovered.  

Some of the reports claimed the amount found was $150 million.

Altered image

FACT

The images used were altered to include operatives of the anti-corruption agency. The same image was used in April 2017 to make a similar claim by several online blogs.

Also, an investigation by the Centre for Democracy for Development (CDD) fact-checkers show that while the original images were not shot in Nigeria.

For instance, one of the original images showing people at the Batu Arang cemetery was shot in Malaysia while a photograph of someone standing on bundles of money is from a grave in Ecuador.

A report by Eluniverso said the Ecuadorian National Police officials excavated bundles of millions of dollars hidden by some drug barons in a cemetery.

According to the report and a video on YouTube, the money recovered by the Ecuadorian Police officers from the cemetery is $12,000,000.

The image was altered to substantiate the false story.

Checks by CDD fact-checkers show that the pictures of the EFCC operatives were merged with that of Ecuadorian National Police officials in a cemetery excavating bundles of millions of dollars hidden by some drug barons.

Also, a search on Google shows that, in April 2017 when the images first went viral, the EFCC through it verified official page @officialEFCC, tweeted that the photo was a “digital manipulation” and the image is not from the commission.

‘’That was digital manipulation. It’s not from us. Please ignore it.’’ The EFCC tweeted.

Further checks by CDD fact-checkers show that no credible source reported the claim. Most of the sources are sources well known to CDD for spreading disinformation and misinformation.

CONCLUSION

No money belonging to Ibrahim Magu was found in Ikoyi cemetery. The used by online blogs were manipulated for disinformation.

CDD, therefore, urges members of the public to always verify all information before disseminating them.

You can also forward suspicious messages for verification at +2349062910568 or contact us on twitter @CDDWestAfrica.

#StopFakeNews #StopDisinformation 

FACT CHECK: Did NCDC Say No State Reported New COVID-19 Cases in 24 Hours?

By Fact Check, UncategorizedNo Comments

VERDICT: False and Misleading Headline

CLAIM:

On Saturday, July 18, 2020, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted a report on NewsExtra claiming that no state in Nigeria reported new cases of Coronavirus (COVID-19) in 24 hours.

The report published with the headline, COVID-19: No state reported new case in 24 hours –NCDC; further said that the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) announced 653 outstanding cases of the deadly viral disease.

FACT:

Investigations by CDD fact-checkers show that contrary to the claim by the blog, there were reported cases of COVID-19 cases by the NCDC.

The official Twitter page of the NCDC of the Nigeria Centre of Disease Control (NCDC) on Saturday, July 18, 2020, showed that 653 new cases were recorded across states in the country.

A breakdown of cases per state shows that Lagos had 115, Kwara 85, Enugu 80, FCT 78, Rivers 36, Ondo 35, Oyo 30, Katsina 28, Kaduna and Abia 19, Nassarawa 18, Plateau 17 and Imo 16.

Also, on the same day, Ogun, Ebonyi, Benue and Kano had 9, Delta 8, Bauchi 7, Ekiti 6, Gombe, Bayelsa, Adamawa and Osun 4, Cross rivers, Yobe Borno and Zamfara with only 1 new case.

Further checks by CDD also show that this increased the total confirmed case in the country to 36,107.

CDD fact-checkers can also verify that since the outbreak of Covid-19 in Nigeria on February 27, 2020, no day has passed without report of a new case of the deadly disease.

CONCLUSION
CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the claim by NewsExtra that no case of COVID-19 was reported in 24 hours between July 17 and July 18, 2020.

CDD, therefore, urges members of the public to always verify all information before disseminating them.

You can also forward suspicious messages for verification at +2349062910568 or contact us on twitter @CDDWestAfrica.

#StopFakeNews #StopDisinformation 

FACT-CHECK NEWSLETTER FOR THE WEEK ENDING JULY 13 – JULY 19, 2020

By Fact Check, UncategorizedNo Comments

In the past week, the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) has countered some disinformation spreading across various social media spaces.

Some of the fact-checks showed that the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic ravaging the world has changed most of the activities in the Nigerian system.

Below are the fact-checks produced by the CDD between July 13 and July 19, 2020.

FACT CHECK: Has FG asked Nigerians to visit NDE offices for Empowerment Exercise?

Since Friday, July 17, 2020, a WhatsApp message asking young Nigerians interested in applying for special public works programme circulated on the App.

The message urged the prospective applicants to visit offices of the National Directorate of Employment (NDE) in their states to register for the programme.

Part of the message read, “Please go to NDE office in your state and register for 774000 empowerment exercise going on now in the whole federation.’’

The messages also had addresses of the NDE State offices in 36 states of the Federation and the FCT.
The Minister of State, Labour and Employment, Mr Festus Keyamo, SAN, has announced that the details of the message are false.

Read full fact-check here

FACT CHECK: Did the FG Agree to Pay Private School Teacher’s Salary owed During the Lockdown?

On Tuesday, July 14, 2020, several online platforms reported that the Federal Government of Nigeria had agreed to pay salaries of private school teachers owed during the lockdown.

The report credited to a statement by the President of the National Association of Proprietors of Private Schools (NAPPS), Yomi Otubela, who had said that only private schools registered under its association would benefit from the FG’s bailout.

According to the report, the proposal has been sent to the Economic Sustainability Committee headed by the Vice President, Yemi Osinbajo, and approved by the Federal Executive Council.

Fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) contacted the office of the Vice President to verify the information. Laolu Akande, the Senior Special Assistant-Media and Publicity to Professor Osinbajo confirmed the report.

Akande said private schools and other qualified Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMES) would benefit from the payroll support after some criteria have been spelt out.

He said: “The FG will receive staff information from the benefiting MSMES and money sent directly to the affected staff.’’

In addition, the Vice President while speaking at the 2020 edition of the Micro Small And Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) awards said private schools will benefit from the government’s stimulus package.

The claim that the Federal Government has agreed to pay the salaries of private school teacher’s owed by the schools during the lockdown is true.

Read full fact check here

Did President Donald Trump Tweet About Wearing A Face Mask?

On Thursday, July 16, 2020, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted a screenshot of a tweet claimed to have been shared by the President of the United States of America, Donald Trump.

A screenshot of the tweet which read: “Wear a Mask” was reshared by @scienceIsnew who claimed the tweet was made by hackers.

Their caption read, “What Donald Trump should have done, was done by Hackers, #twitterhacked Hackers left an important message while cleanly stealing bitcoins.’’

The tweet is an example of how new technology is being used in promoting falsehood online.

Available information shows that the US President never made such tweet, neither was his account hacked as claimed by @scienceIsnew in its caption.

The American media had on Saturday, July 11, 2020 , gone frenzy when President Trump was seen wearing a face mask as he walked down a hallway during his visit to Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Bethesda, Md.

In a quick reaction, Twitter said it believes the hack is an attack on some of its employees with access to the company’s internal tools, CNN reports.

Twitter CEO, Jack Dorsey, said the company is investigating what happened.

“Tough day for us at Twitter. We all feel terrible this happened. We’re diagnosing and will share everything we can when we have a more complete understanding of exactly what happened,” Jack said.

The report said a White House spokesperson said: “The president will remain on Twitter. His account was secure and not jeopardised during these attacks.”

Also, a review of the Trump’s Twitter page shows that the US president did not make such tweet at the time on the screenshot. The US President is also not known for deleting his tweets. 

Our analysis shows the tweet was made using a Fake Tweet online tool. 

US President Donald Trump did not tweet about wearing a mask. The tweet was made using a Fake Tweet online app to misinform the public.

Read full fact check here

CDD, therefore, urges members of the public to always verify all information before disseminating them.

You can also forward suspicious messages for verification at +2349062910568 or contact us on twitter @CDDWestAfrica.

#StopFakeNews #StopDisinformation 

DOWNLOAD NEWSLETTER HERE

FACT CHECK: Did the FG Agree to Pay Private School Teacher’s Salary owed During the Lockdown?

By Fact Check, UncategorizedNo Comments

VERDICT: True

On Tuesday, July 14, 2020, several online platforms reported that the Federal Government of Nigeria had agreed to pay salaries of private school teachers owed during the lockdown. 

The report credited to a statement by the President of the National Association of Proprietors of Private Schools (NAPPS), Yomi Otubela, who had said that only private schools registered under its association would benefit from the FG’s bailout.

According to the report, the proposal has been sent to the Economic Sustainability Committee headed by the Vice President, Yemi Osinbajo, and approved by the Federal Executive Council.

FACT: 

Fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) contacted the office of the Vice President to verify the information. Laolu Akande, the Senior Special Assistant-Media and Publicity to Professor Osinbajo confirmed the report.

Akande said private schools and other qualified Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMES) would benefit from the payroll support after some criteria have been spelt out.

He said: “The FG will receive staff information from the benefiting MSMES and money sent directly to the affected staff.’’ 

In addition, the Vice President while speaking at the 2020 edition of the Micro Small And Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) awards said private schools will benefit from the government’s stimulus package.

Professor Osinbajo said the stimulus package would cushion the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the schools.

“In that plan which essentially envisages an overall N2.3 trillion stimulus package, we made extensive provision for financial support to MSMEs, ranging from a guaranteed off-take scheme to a survival fund that includes a payroll support programme for qualifying businesses,”  Professor Osinbajo said.

He said guaranteed off-take scheme seeks to provide support for MSMEs, manufacturing local products by guaranteeing the purchase from them of qualifying products such as face masks, hand sanitizer, PPE for medical workers.

He also said the products will be distributed to Nigerians, Nigerian institutions and entities that would require them.

“The survival fund will help provide payroll support to MSMEs with a minimum of 10 and maximum of 50 staff. The MSMEs that qualify for these will make available their payroll for verification by the government,’ he added.

CONCLUSION

The claim that the Federal Government has agreed to pay the salaries of private school teacher’s owed by the schools during the lockdown is true.

However, we cannot confirm at this moment the requirements such as membership of the National Association of Proprietors of Private Schools (NAPPS).

CDD, therefore, urges members of the public to always verify all information before disseminating them.

You can also forward suspicious messages for verification at +2349062910568 or contact us on twitter @CDDWestAfrica.

#StopFakeNews #StopDisinformation 

FACT CHECK: Has FG asked Nigerians to visit NDE offices for Empowerment Exercise?

By Fact Check, UncategorizedNo Comments

VERDICT: False 

CLAIM: 

Since Friday, July 17, 2020, a WhatsApp message asking young Nigerians interested in applying for special public works programme circulated on the App.

The message urged the prospective applicants to visit offices of the National Directorate of Employment (NDE) in their states to register for the programme.

Part of the message read, ‘’Please go to NDE office in your state and register for 774000 empowerment exercise going on now in the whole federation.’’ 

The messages also had addresses of the NDE State offices in 36 states of the Federation and the FCT.

FACT: 

The Minister of State, Labour and Employment, Mr Festus Keyamo, SAN, has announced that the details of the message are false.

Mr Keyamo also advised Nigerians to disregard the WhatsApp message as it did not emanate from the Nigerian government.

The Minister who tweeted on his verified Twitter account said the directive to go the state offices of the NDE will breach COVID-19 guidelines.

He also said the selection process would be done in Local Government areas and not in state NDE offices.

He wrote: ‘’Kindly disregard all messages directing people to go to NDE offices to register for the Special Public Works. This will breach COVID-19 guidelines and it will not ensure we strictly achieve the 1000 per LGA.”

Further findings by our fact-checkers show the Ministry has inaugurated twenty-member state committees in all states to coordinate the selection process in LGAs. They are to report for the process in three weeks.

CONCLUSION

The WhatsApp message urging applicants for the Special Works Programme to go to the state NDE offices is false and should be disregarded. The applications for the programme are to be submitted at the LGAs.

CDD, therefore, urges members of the public to always verify all information before disseminating them.

You can also forward suspicious messages for verification at +2349062910568 or contact us on twitter @CDDWestAfrica.

#StopFakeNews #StopDisinformation 

Did President Donald Trump Tweet About Wearing A Face Mask?

By Fact Check, UncategorizedNo Comments

VERDICT: False

CLAIM: On Thursday, July 16, 2020, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted a screenshot of a tweet claimed to have been shared by the President of the United States of America, Donald Trump.

A screenshot of the tweet which read: ‘’Wear a Mask’’ was reshared by @scienceIsnew who claimed the tweet was made by hackers.

Their caption read, ‘’ What Donald Trump should have done, was done by Hackers, #twitterhacked Hackers left an important message while cleanly stealing bitcoins.’’

A screenshot of a cell phone
Description automatically generated

As at Thursday 16 July 2020 that the tweet was spotted, it has allegedlygenerated 16,000 retweets and 57,000 likes.

FACT: The tweet is an example of how new technology is being used in promoting falsehood online. 

Available information shows that the US President never made such tweet, neither was his account hacked as claimed by @scienceIsnew in its caption. 

The American media had on Saturday, July 11, 2020 , gone frenzy when President Trump was seen wearing a face mask as he walked down a hallway during his visit to Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Bethesda, Md. 

CDD checks show that while it is true that the US President during his visit to the medical centre urged Americans to wear a mask ‘’If it‘s necessary”, he did not do so via his official twitter handle. 

In addition, claim that President Trump’s account was hacked is false. This claim followed attacks on some Twitter accounts belonging to top US investors and leaders on Wednesday, July 15.

In an incident which took place within a short period of 30 minutes or less, Twitter accounts belonging to Joe Biden, Bill Gates, Elon Musk and Apple, among other prominent ones, were hacked.

The attempts on these accounts involved a coordinated bitcoin scam using these high profile Twitter users’ account.

In a quick reaction, Twitter said it believes the hack is an attack on some of its employees with access to the company’s internal tools, CNN reports.

Twitter CEO, Jack Dorsey, said the company is investigating what happened.

“Tough day for us at Twitter. We all feel terrible this happened. We’re diagnosing and will share everything we can when we have a more complete understanding of exactly what happened,” Jack said.

He also assured that his team mates were working hard to ensure every wrong is made right.

A report by Telegraph quoted officials stating that the security breach did not affect Trump’s account because it is under a ‘special kind of lock-and-key’ after past incidents.

The report said a White House spokesperson said: “The president will remain on Twitter. His account was secure and not jeopardised during these attacks.”

Also, a review of the Trump’s Twitter page shows that the US president did not make such tweet at the time on the screenshot. The US President is also not known for deleting his tweets. 

Our analysis shows the tweet was made using a Fake Tweet online tool. 

CONCLUSION

US President Donald Trump did not tweet about wearing a mask. The tweet was made using a Fake Tweet online app to misinform the public.

CDD, therefore, urges members of the public to always verify all information before disseminating them.

You can also forward suspicious messages for verification at +2349062910568 or contact us on twitter @CDDWestAfrica.

#StopFakeNews #StopDisinformation 

Shin Da Gaske Ne Za’a Gudanar Da Jarabawa Ta Hanyar Yanar Gizo Ga Wadanda Suka Shiga Tsarin N-Power Agro?

By Fact Check, UncategorizedNo Comments

Tantancewar CDD: Karya Ne!

Tushen Magana:

A ranar Alhamis, 9 ga watan Yulin shekara ta 2020, masu tantance sahihancin labari na Cibiyar Bunkasa Demokaradiyya Da Cigaba wato (CDD) suka gano wani sako da ake bazawa ta manhajar WhatsApp inda ake sanar da wadanda suka nemi shiga tsarin N-Power Agro game da wata jarabawa da za’a gudanar musu ta yanar gizo.

Kamar yadda sakon ya bayyana, an aikawa dukkan wadan da sukayi nasarar shiga cikin tsarin na N-Power Agro. Sakon ya kara da karfafawa wadanda suka shiga cikin tsarin da su duba imel dinsu dan samun adireshin yanar gizon da zasuyi anfani dashi dan yin jarabawar.

Sakon wanda aka yadashi sosai ta manhajar WhatsApp yayiwa mutane jawabi kamar haka: “ku taimaka ku gayawa wadanda suka nemi shiga cikin tsarin N-Power Agro na Ma’aikatar Noma da Raya Karkara da su gaggauta duba imel dinsu dan samun bayani game da jarabawa da za’a yimusu kuma wannan jarabawa zata dauki tsawon minti 15 , ku yada wannan sako dan yakai ga wadan da abun ya shafa”.

Gaskiyar Magana:

Binciken da masu tantance sahihancin labarai na CDD suka gudanar ya gano cewa babu wata sanarwa ko sako da gwamnatin tarayya ta bayar game da yiwa wadanda suka shiga cikin tsarin N-Power wata jarabawa ta hanyar yanar gizo. Hakanan shafin yanar gizo N-Power ko kafafen sada zumunta na N-Power duk basu bada wata sanarwa ko sako mai kama da haka ba.

Fake News Alert! 5 Steps to Verify Every Information on CDD Channel

A jawabi da ma’aikatar jinkai da bada dauki ta fitar a ranar 7 ga watan Yulin shekara ta 2020 ya nuna cewa babu wata sanarwa da gwamnatin tarayya ta bayar game da tsarin na N-Power.

Dan fitar da gaskiyar lamari game da batun, shirin N-Power ya bada ba’asi dan magance jita-jitar da ake yadawa. Har wayau shirin N-Power yaja hankali jama’a da cewa su guji daukan duk wata sanarwa da bata fito daga amintattun kafafen sadarwa da shirin N-Power yake anfani dasu ba.

Kammalawa:

Labarin da ake yadawa cewa za’a gudanar da jarabawa ta yanar gizo ga mutanen da suka shiga cikin shirn N-Power Agro karya ne.  Ma’aikatar jinkai da bada dauki ta gargadi mutane da cewa su guji daukan duk wani labari game da shirin N-Power da bai fito daga sahihiyar majiya ba.

CDD tana jan hankali jama’a da su rika tantance sahihancin labari kafin yadashi tare da daina kirkira ko yada labaran karya.

Kuna iya turowa CDD labaran da kuke da tantama akansu dan tantancewa ta wannan lambar: +2349062910568 ko shafin mu na twitter: @CCDWestAfrica, @CDDWestAfrica_H

#AdainaYadaLabaranKarya

Babu Wani Magani da Hukumar Kula Da Ingaancin Abinci da Magunguna ta Kasa NAFDAC ta Amince Dashi a Matasyin Maganin Cutar Corona

By Fact Check, UncategorizedNo Comments

Tushen Magana:

A ranar 11 ga watan Yulin shekara ta 2020, wassu zauruka da yawa na yanar gizo a Najeriya sun rawaito cewa hukumar kula da ingancin magunguna da abinci ta kasa NAFDAC ta amince da PAX a matsayin maganin da zai bada garkuwa ga mutane daga kamuwa da cutar Corona.

Rahotannin da aka wallafa sun bayyana cewa Daraktan wani wajen samr da maganin garjiya ake kira Pax Herbal Clinic and Research Laboratories, Reverend Father Anslem Adodo ne bayyana samun amincewa da maganin a matsayin kariya daga cutar Corona.

Wannan ikirarin samun maganin cuta ta Corona jaridar The Guardian Nigeria ta wallafa shi yayin da wassu kafafen sada zumunta na zamani suma suka yadashi.

Gaskiyar Magana:

Hukumar kula da inganci magunguna da abinci ta kasa NAFDAC bata amince da PAX herbal a matsayin maganin cutar Corona ba.

Paxherbals, wanda akafi sani da Pax Herbal Clinic and Research Laboratories, an kafa shi ne a 1996 kuma wanda ya kafashi shine Adodo Anselm. Kanfanin kanfani ne dake samar da magungunan gargajiya.

A martanin day a mayar game da batun, daraktan hukumar kula da ingancin abinci da magunguna ta kasa NAFDAC, Farfesa Moji Adeyeye tace ikirarin da akayi cewa NAFDAC din ta amince da Pax Herbal a matsayin maganin da zai bada kariya daga cutar Corona bai tabbata ba.

Farfesa Adeyeye tace Pax Herbal sun nemi NAFDAC ta amince da kafso mai nauyin 290mg mai suna Pax Herbal Cugzin tare da tabbatar da cewa za’a iya anfani dashi ba tare da wata matsala ba.

Ta kara da cewa, kanfanin da ya samar da maganin yayi ikirarin cewa yana kar karfin garkuwar jiki.

Fake News Alert! 5 Steps to Verify Every Information on CDD Channel

Farfesa Adeyeye ta cigaba da cewa kodayak hukumar tace ana iya anfani da maganin amma gargadi da yake jikin kwalin sa ya zayyana karara cewa har yanzu NAFDAC bata gama binciken tan a kwa-kwaf ba akan maganin.

Adeyeye har wayau ta kara da cewa jita-jitar da ake yadawa a dandalin sada zumunta ko kafafen sadarwa na zamani cewa NAFDAC ta amince da Paxherbal dan ya magance alamomin cutar Corona hakan bai tabbata ba

Kammalawa:

Labarin da ake yadawa cewa NAFDAC ta amince da wani magani da kafanin hada magunguna mai suna Pax Herbal Clinic and Research Laboratories ya samar na bada garkuwa daga kamuwa da cutar Corona karya ne.

Yana da kyau mu sani cewa kawo yanzu babu wani magani na gargajiya ko wanda binciken masana ya samar dashi da zai bada kariya daga cutar Corona. Abinda yafi muhimmanci mu sani shine bada tazara tare da tsaftace muhalli da jikin mu akai-akai sune abubuwan da zasu iya bamu kariya daga kamuwa da cutar Corona.

CDD tana jan hankalin mutane da akodayaushe su rika tantance labari kafin yadashi.

Kuna iya turowa CDD labaran da kuke da tantama akansu dan tantancewa ta wannan lambar: +2349062910568 ko shafin mu na twitter: @CCDWestAfrica, @CDDWestAfrica_H

#AdainaYadaLabaranKarya

FACT CHECK: NAFDAC Did not Approve Herbal Drug for COVID-19 Prevention, Treatment

By Fact Check, UncategorizedNo Comments

VERDICT: FALSE

CLAIM

On July 11 2020, several news blogs in Nigeria reported a claim that the National Agency for Food, Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) had approved a PAX herbal drug as an immune booster against coronavirus (SARS-COV-2) 

The various reports claimed that the Director of the Pax Herbal Clinic and Research Laboratories, Reverend Father Anslem Adodo, announced the approval of the drug for the treatment of symptoms associated with COVID-19.

This claim also published by the Guardian Nigeria, trended on social media platforms and WhatsApp.

FACT

NAFDAC did not approve PAX herbal drug as an immune booster against the SARS-COV-2. The immune booster was approved as ‘safe for use’ in Nigeria. 

Paxherbals, also known as Pax Herbal Clinic and Research Laboratories was founded in 1996 by Adodo Anselm. It is a Nigerian alternative medicine product manufacturing company. 

Reacting to the claim, NAFDAC in a disclaimer issued by Professor Moji Adeyeye, Director-General of the Agency, said the Pax Herbal claim is wrong and inaccurate.

Professor Adeyeye said Pax Herbal applied to NAFDAC for the listing of Pax Herbal Cugzin capsule 290mg “safe to use”. 

She said: “The applicant claimed that it is an immune booster and an anti-infective.”

Professor Adeyeye said although the product is approved as safe to use, a disclaimer on it clearly states that the claim by Pax Herbal is yet to be evaluated by NAFDAC.

“Therefore, the statements circulating in the social media that NAFDAC has approved Paxherbal product “specifically for treating symptoms associated with Coronavirus” is wrong and inaccurate,” Professor Adeyeye said.

What Approval Did NAFDAC Give?

In a statement posted on July 11, 2020, on its known official Facebook page sited by our fact-checker, PAXHERBAL said CUGZIN capsule will help to boost body immunity.

The statement also said that there is no officially approved drug for the cure of COVID-19. 

However, hours later, the company listed the herbal drug on its website, PAXYOU.com, as ‘Paxherbal CUGZIN anti-COVID-19 supplement (s) an immune booster and anti-infective herbal supplement.

There was also an additional claim that the drug is the ‘’first herbal supplement to be approved by the Nigeria Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control NAFDAC.‘’

According to NAFDAC’s position, it did not approve Pax Herbal Cugzin capsule as immune booster Specifically for COVID-19 as reported. 

The agency maintained that only drugs that have undergone clinical trials will be approved for targeted treatments of specific ailments including COVID-19. 

Can ‘boosting’ your immune system protect you against COVID -19?

No supplement will cure or prevent disease. 

It’s essential to note that no supplement be it herbal or conventional, diet, or other lifestyle modification other than physical distancing, also known as social distancing, and proper hygiene practices can protect you from getting infected with COVID-19.

Health experts have over the years emphasized that there are no exercises, foods or supplements that truly “boost” the immune system. 

A report by Medical Xpress warned that boosting our immunity will likely be a bad idea since a “boosted” immune system would mean it’s working in overdrive—and that is often synonymous with inflammation and autoimmune disease.’’

The US Center for Biotechnology Information in a report published last year said the only evidence-based approach to ‘boosting immunity to diseases’ is vaccination.  

Akiko Iwasaki, an immunologist at Yale University explained to the BBC that: “There are three different components to immunity. There are things like skin, the airways and the mucus membranes that are there, to begin with, and they provide a barrier to infection. But once the virus gets past these defences, then you have to induce the ‘innate’ immune response.” This consists of chemicals and cells which can rapidly raise the alert and begin fighting off any intruder…

“The problem is that many of these claims have no grounding in evidence,” Iwasaki said. 

Can we support our immune system to fight COVID-19?

Yes, although the answer is much less appealing than the expensive supplement mixtures we read in advertisements and the news. 

Get a balanced diet, with plenty of diversity of plants, fruits, and vegetables,” says Tim. “That will give you all the vitamins and minerals you need.” 

CONCLUSION

The claim that NAFDAC has approved a herbal supplement made by Pax Herbal Clinic and Research Laboratories specifically to boost immunity against COVID-19 is false. 

It’s essential to note that no supplement be it herbal or conventional, diet, or other lifestyle modification other than physical distancing, also known as social distancing, and proper hygiene practices can protect you from getting infected with COVID-19.

CDD, therefore, urges members of the public to always verify all information before disseminating them.

You can also forward suspicious messages for verification at +2349062910568 or contact us on twitter: @CDDWestAfrica.

#StopFakeNews #StopDisinformation

FACT CHECK: Did 50 Nigerian Lawmakers Test Positive for COVID-19?

By Fact Check, UncategorizedNo Comments

VERDICT: Unproven

CLAIM: On Tuesday, July 7, 2020, several news blogs in Nigeria reported a claim that over 50 lawmakers at the National Assembly allegedly tested positive for Coronavirus.

The report claimed the development was responsible for the adjournment of plenary by the leadership of the House of Representatives on Tuesday.

The blog also quoted an anonymous lawmaker who claimed that about 50 of his colleagues had tested positive to the virus.

It said that most of the affected lawmakers were seriously ill and some isolated.

This claim has also been published by these news sites including Newsflash, Opera News and many others.

FACT:

The Chairman, Senate Committee on Media and Public Affairs, Ajibola Basiru, in response, questioned the validity of the claim.

Basiru in his response on his official Twitter page said: “Who conducted the test? Who did the counting? And who are these 50 lawmakers and what is the distribution per each Chambers? Fake news is corruption!!!!’’

Also, when CDD fact-checkers contacted Basiru on the matter, he simply replied: “Fake news” through a text message.

In his reaction, the spokesperson to the House of Representative, Benjamin Kalu, said the claim was false.

A statement released by the lower chamber, which was sent to our fact-checker when contacted read in part: ‘’We wish to state that there has not been any panic at the National Assembly as alleged in the publication and that to the best of our knowledge, it is absolutely untrue that 50 lawmakers tested positive to Covid-19.”

The House is certain that the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), the Federal Ministry of Health and the Presidential Task Force remain the most credible sources of data with regards to this pandemic and should be referred to for fact verification before misinforming the public,” the statement added.

The statement further urged the public to disregard the news and consign it to the trash bin, this misinformation.

Further checks with the Assistant Epidemiologist of the Federal Capital Territory, Dr Nwachukwu, showed that the claim is unproven.

Dr Nwachukwu told CDD fact-checkers that she is not aware of such an incident.

“I am not aware of such,” Dr Nwachukwu said.

 CONCLUSION

The claim remains unproven. Both Chambers of the National Assembly have debunked the report that 50 lawmakers have tested positive to COVID-19.

CDD, therefore, urges members of the public to always verify all information before disseminating them.

You can also forward suspicious messages for verification at +2349062910568 or contact us on twitter: @CDDWestAfrica.

#StopFakeNews #StopDisinformation

Shin Wassu Kwararru a Najeriya Sun Gano Maganin Cutar Corona?

By Fact Check, UncategorizedNo Comments

Gaskiyar Magana: Hakan Bai Tabbata Ba!

Tushen Magana:

A satin da ya gabata majiyoyi da yawa musamman a yanar gizo sun wallafa wani labari dake cewa wassu masana kimiyya a Najeriya sun gano maganin cutar Corona.

Daya daga cikin wadannan majiyoyin mai suna Nigerian Guardian ta wallafa wani labari mai taken: “masana kimiyya a jami’o’in Najeriya sun samo maganin cutar Corona”.

Wannan labari an wallafa shi sosai acikin Najeriya kai harda ma wassu kafofin yada labarai na kasahen ketare.

Gaskiya Magana:

Kawo yanzu babu masani ko gungun masana a Najeriya da suka kai gano maganin cutar Corona. Kodayake, a ranar 19 ga watan Yunin shekara ta 2020, kungiyar masana da manazarta kimiyya a Najeriya a karkashin bincike akan cutar ta Corona wanda Dr Oladipo Kolawole na jami’ar Adeleke, Ede dake jahar Osun sun bayyana cewa suna da wani magani da suke tunanin za’a iya anfani dashi dan magance Corona. Sun bayyana hakan ne a lokacin da suke yiwa yan jarida bayani game da batun.

Manema labarai da yawa sunyi riga malam masallaci wajen bayyana cewa wadannan gungun masana sun gano maganin cutar Corona duk kuwa da yake basu fadi hakan ba, abinda kawai suka fada shine cewa suna da wani magani da suke tunanin zai iya magance Corona.

Kolawole, wani kwararren likita ne kuma ya bayyana cewa suna tukuru dan samo maganin cutar Corona a fadin nahiyar Afirka. Ya kara da cewa a halin yanzu suna da wassu sinadarai da suka aminta cewa zasu iya tai akawa wajen magance cutar amma za’a gudanar binciken kwakwaf dan tantance su.

A wani rahoto da aka wallafa a ranar 23 ga watan Yunin shekara ta 2020 Farfesa Olubukola Oyawoye wanda shine shugaban sashin nazarin kimiyya na jami’ar Adeleke University ya gaywa  BBC Pidgin cewa ikirarin da akeyi cewa masani kimiyya na jami’a sun samo maganin cutar Corona bah aka bane.

Oyawoye ya kara da cewa abinda taron manema labaran da akayi ya bayyana shine ana cigaba da gudanar da bincike game da neman maganin.

Har wayau a wani rahoto da hukumar lafiya ta duniya WHO ta wallafa awatan Yunin shekara ta 2020 COVID-19 candidate vaccines landscape, hukumar lafiyar tace kawo yanzu akwai magunguna guda 129 a fadin duniya baki daya da suke matakin tantancewar kwakwaf bisa matakin binciken magani kuma wannan adadi baya dauke da maganin da ayarin likitocin jami’a Adeleken.

Yaddan Ake Samar da Magani

Samar da magani abune da ya ta’allaka da bin wassu matakai da kuma gwaje-gwaje wadanda ake aiwatar dasu a matakai daba-daban saboda tantance inganci da illolin da suke dasu ga dan’adam dan dakile illolin in akwaisu. A wani kaulin yakan dauki shekaru kafin akai ga samar da magani saboda masana da masu bincike kan sadaukar da lokaci dan fahimtan abubuwa da yawa.

A wani martani da tayi, hukumar lafiya ta duniya World Health Organisation (WHO) a watan Afirilun wannan shekara tace samar da magani da ka iya magance cututtuka yakan dauki lokaci mai tsawo kafin a samar dashi, an iya samar da maganin da ka iya tasiri ga annoba da ka iya faruwa kuma samar da irin wannan magani zai taimaka musamman ga annobar da ake fama da ita.

WHO tace “adaidai wannan lokaci abin a yaba ne irin matakan dakatar da yaduwar cutar Corona da al’ummomi daban-daban ke dauka da aiwatarwa da suka shafi bada kariya ga dukkan mutane da sauran jama’a masu rauni acikin al’umma. Wannan abune mai kyau yayin da yunkurin samar waraka ga cutar ke cigaba”.

Kammalawa:

Ayarin masu bincike akan cutar Corona na Jami’ar Adeleke basu kaiga samo maganin cutar Corona ba, matsayar da suka cimma itace sun samu wani sinadari da za’a iya anfani dashi akan cutar amma wanna ya ta’allaka da tantancewar binciken lafiya.

CDD tana jan hankalin mutane dasu rika karanta gundarin labari dan gano abinda ya kunsa ba kawai a tsaya daga abinda jigon labarin ya fada ba.

#AdainaYadaLabaranKarya