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CDD ELECTION ANALYSIS CENTRE (EAC) PRELIMINARY STATEMENT ON THE CONDUCT OF JUNE 18, 2022 EKITI STATE GOVERNORSHIP ELECTION

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With voting in the June 18, 2022 Ekiti State Governorship election already underway across
the 16 Local Government Areas of the State, the Centre for Democracy and Development
(CDD) through its Election Analysis Centre (EAC) has been closely observing the election.
CDD-EAC deployed 205 trained and accredited observers who are currently collecting data
on key processes in the election. CDD-EAC observation of the Ekiti State Governorship
election has the objective of ascertaining if the election is free, fair, credible, and reflects the
supremacy of the vote of the Ekiti State electorate. CDD-EAC has also set up a fake news
hub aimed at tracking and fact-checking misinformation and disinformation capable of
undermining the credibility of the election. The following are the CDD-EAC preliminary
findings on the conduct of the election based on data received from 168 field observers out of
the 205 deployed.
General Atmosphere of the Election
Reports from CDD field observers indicate that the general atmosphere in which the election
is being conducted has been peaceful and voting has largely proceeded smoothly without any
reported incidents of violence or disruption of the process.
INEC Deployment
Data from the areas covered by our observers indicate that 86 percent of INEC officials had
arrived at their polling units by 8:30am. Data from CDD-EAC Electronic Observer Platform
further showed that 74 percent of INEC poll officials addressed voters before the 8:30am
official time of poll opening. CDD-EAC observers also reported a significant increase in the
number of female INEC officials, with the data showing that eight polling units had poll
officials who were exclusively female. The CDD-EAC data further showed that while four
Polling Units had no female at all; all the others had both male and female INEC officials
present. In terms of availability of important election materials, CDD-EAC data indicated
that in at least 83 percent of polling units critical election materials like ballot papers, BVAS
devices, results sheets, ballot boxes and the voter register were available for the conduct of
the election. In most of the polling units, CDD-EAC observers did not see or report any form
of campaigning; however, in 11.3 percent of polling units campaigns and display of campaign
materials was reported.
Party Agents
Observer data showed all Polling Units reported the presence of at least one party agent.
However in Polling Unit 003, Ward 06 in Ekiti West LGA, only one party had an agent.
BVAS
CDD-EAC data showed that in all 168 Polling Units, BVAS was available; however in
polling unit 010 Ward 10, in Irepodun Ifelodun LGA, there was no BVAS at the time when
poll was expected to commence.
Centre for Democracy and Development West Africa | cddwestafrica.org 2

Fake News
CDD-EAC Fake News Hub tracked and fact-checked a number of fake news and
misinformation trending on Election Day. A major trending item was the purported
withdrawal letter of the SDP candidate Segun Oni, and his endorsement of the PDP
candidate, which circulated across social media. This claim was subsequently confirmed to be
‘false’. Regrettably, this might be cited by the party as a reason for any poor performance.
Another claim on Twitter was that 9 million voters are expected to vote in the Ekiti 2022
gubernatorial election. This claim was checked by CDD-EAC fact checkers, who returned a
verdict of “false” for the claim. CDD checks further showed that there are 988,923 voters
registered by INEC for the Ekiti Governorship election. Another fake news was tracked
relating to claims that in Ido/Osi soldiers were preventing voters from going to their polling
units. CDD-EAC fact checkers verified this claim from field observers and found it to be
false. Similarly in Ikole polling unit 8, Ward 10, CDD-EAC fact-checkers tracked a claim
that INEC officials were addressing voters in Yoruba only because they can’t speak English.
This claim was also checked and found to be false, as it was verified that INEC officials
spoke to voters in both English and Yoruba.
Conclusion
CDD-EAC observers will continue to keep a close watch on the election up till when voting
ends, and counting and collation of results begin. Further updates on findings will be
provided at the end of voting.

Signed:
Professor Adele Jinadu, Chair, CDD-EAC
For Media Enquiries, contact:
Mr. Damien Ihekoronye
Coordinator, Election Analysis Centre (CDD-EAC)
(+2348087185684 | idamian@cddwestafrica.org )

National Security: Buhari Has So Far, Failed – Joint Civil Society Action Coalition

By Press Release

21 FEB 2021

Introduction

Nigeria is in dire straits. All over the country, Nigerian citizens, including children, are killed daily by terrorists and criminals as well as in extra-judicial killings by state actors with the government doing little or nothing about it. The government, through the Minister of Defence, has instead callously abdicated its responsibility and called Nigerian citizens ‘cowards’ and urged Nigerians to ‘defend themselves’.

Kidnapping for ransom has assumed an industrial and deadly scale never witnessed on the African continent. Our children are no longer safe in schools and Nigerian citizens and communities are now pauperised by terrorists who extort huge ransoms while murdering their hostages. We condemn, in the strongest possible terms, what has now become the government’s standard state policy of using taxpayers’ money to pay terrorists thereby funding and encouraging terrorism and criminality.

President Buhari and his government have failed in their primary duty under Section 14 2(b) of the 1999 Constitution which is ensuring the security and welfare of the Nigerian people. Instead, under their watch, Nigeria is now a catalogue of bloodletting with:

● The unending war in the North East with our troops often bearing the brunt of this government’s security failures;

● Gross injustices by President Buhari’s government against the Nigerian people such that peaceful protesters are threatened and attacked by the government’s security agents while terrorists carrying out mass murder, rape, maiming and kidnapping of Nigerians including women and children are feted, molly coddled, granted ‘amnesty’ and paid by the government. This is tantamount to funding and supporting terrorists, encouraging murder and the decimation of the Nigeria’s gallant troops and amounts to treason against the Nigerian State and people;

● Terrorist herder attacks on unarmed farming communities and reprisal attacks in the face of government inaction and failure to bring the terrorist herdsmen and their funders to justice;

● Large scale terrorist attacks in the North West irresponsibly tagged by the government as ‘banditry’ in a bid to downplay their criminality;

● Industrial scale kidnappings all across the country;

● Extrajudicial killings by State Security agents in various forms

● Inter-ethnic violence and

● Menace of political cult gangs and ethnic militia.

Furthermore, Section 14 of the Constitution has imposed a duty on the State i.e FG, States & LGs. All Governments should invest in the security of life and property of every citizen. And since, armed robbery, kidnapping and murder or culpable homicide are state offences. All arrested suspected should be prosecuted by State Attorney Generals

Nigeria is completely under policed. As a matter of urgency, more security personnel should be employed, trained and motivated to defend the society. When an American citizen was recently kidnapped in Niger State no ransom was paid. Yet, a team of US troops invaded the country, killed two of the kidnappers and freed the abducted American!

Our Demands

This government, under the leadership of President Muhammadu Buhari, has failed to protect Nigerians as is their primary duty under Section 14 (2)b of the 1999 Constitution and we hold President Buhari solely responsible as the buck stops at his desk. As Civil Society organisations, we call on the President to take immediate steps to :

Provide political and moral leadership for the security crisis and ensure governmental actions are humane in tandem with Section 17 (2) ( C ) of the Constitution;

The Nigeria Police Council established by section 153 of the Constitution is constituted by the President, IGP, Chair of Police Service Commission and the 36 state governors. The NPC is empowered by the Construction to administer organise and supervise the Nigeria Police Force. The NPC should be called to meet regularly to address the crisis of insecurity

End impunity for abuse of power and sectionalism through his appointments by balancing the need for competence with the federal character principle. In this way, he will demonstrate that every part of Nigeria matters as sectional appointments appear to fuel sectional violence;

Amnesty for terrorists and abductors should stop. Huge ransom paid to criminal gangs is used to purchase arms and ammunition to attack communities. As security is technology driven the Government must acquire the necessary equipment to deal with the menace of terrorism, banditry and abduction.

Take responsibility and end the persecution of the media and free speech both of which are foundations of a democratic state.

Mobilize our rich Nigerian assets to address the insecurity situation across the country and seek international cooperation to ramp up security assets.

Where the President fails to fulfill his constitutional duties as stated above, we demand he steps aside or the National Assembly initiates impeachment proceedings against him on grounds of gross misconduct as provided for in Section 143 of the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Conclusion

We remain hopeful as citizens of Nigeria and call on all Nigerians to keep hope alive as we bond together and build a nation where true peace and justice reign.

Signed:
for Civil Society Joint Action Coalition

Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD)

Centre for Democratic Research and Training (CRDDERT)

Civil Society Legislative Advocacy Centre (CISLAC)

Media Rights Agenda (MRA)

Centre for Information Technology and Development (CITAD)

Socio-Economic Right and Accountability Project (SERAP)

Zero-Corruption Coalition (ZCC)

Partners on Electoral Reform

African Centre for Media and Information Literacy (AFRICMIL)

National Procurement Watch Platform

Praxis Center

Resource Centre for Human Rights and Civil Education (CHRICED)

Social Action

Community Action for Popular Participation

Borno Coalition for Democracy and Progress (BOCODEP)

Global Rights

Alliance for Credible Elections (ACE)

YIAGA Africa

Tax Justice and Governance Platform

Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth, Nigeria

Women In Nigeria

African Centre for Leadership, Strategy & Development (Centre LSD)

Rule of Law and Accountability Advocacy Centre(RULAAC)

Women Advocate Research And Documentation Centre

Community Life Project

Nigerian Feminist Forum

Alliances for Africa

Spaces for Change

Nigerian Women Trust Fund

Corporate Accountability and Public Participation Africa

BudgiT Foundation

State of the Union (SOTU)

Action International Nigeria

Femi Falana Chamber

HEDA Resource Centre

Conscience for Human Rights and Conflict Resolution

Organization Community Civic Engagement(OCCEN)

Say NO Campaign—Nigeria

Women In Media

Health of Mother Earth Foundation (HOMEF)

Sesor Empowerment Foundation

House of Justice

Molluma Medico-Legal Center

Open Bar Initiative

Tap N’Itiative

Partners West Africa, Nigeria (PWAN)

We The People

Lex Initiative for Rights Advocacy and Development (LIRAD Nigeria)

Centre for Impact Advocacy

Actionaid

Dorothy Njemanze Foundation

FEMBUD

Raising New Voices Initiative

Haly Hope Foundation
Centre for Liberty

Coalition in Defence of Nigerian Democracy and Constitution

Adopt a Goal for Development Initiative

Education as a Vaccine

Stand to End Rape

TechHer

Invictus Africa

Dinidari Foundation

International Peace and Civic Responsibility Centre (IPCRC)

Foundation for Environmental Rights, Advocacy and Development (FENRAD)

Mowalek Centre for Sustainable Community Development

Silverchip Fox

Connected Development

Srarina Initiative for Peace, Justice and Development (SIPJAD)

CDD Loses Senior Fellow Professor Ebere Onwudiwe

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Abuja

January 10, 2021

The Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) regrets to announce the passing of Professor Ebere Onwudiwe, who died on  Saturday, January 9, 2021.

Professor Onwudiwe until his death was a Distinguished fellow at the CDD. He contributed immensely to the Centre’s work in strengthening democracy in Nigeria and the West African region.

An Emeritus Professor, Onwudiwe served as a member of the Board of the Economic Advisers to the Nigerian President; a governance consultant with the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; a consultant to the Federal Government-Constituted Technical Committee on the Niger Delta among many others.

Professor Onwudiwe will be greatly missed by the CDD family, friends and associates. Please, join as we pray for God to comfort his family and loved ones at this trying time.

Further announcement on his funeral arrangement will be made by his family.

For media enquiries, please contact cddabv@cddwestafrica.org cc nibeh@cddwestafrica.org or phone 08021476979

Signed

Kole Shettima

Chair

DELTA DILEMMAS: Buhari and Nigeria's South-South Zone

By PublicationNo Comments
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The oil-rich Niger Delta region has been a policy and political challenge to successive administrations in Nigeria since the 1960s. Between 1999 and 2015 it featured prominently in the policy priorities of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP).

This has not been the case with President Muhammadu Buhari, whose election to office in 2015 was based on an overarching promise of ‘change’,
with a specific focus on tackling insecurity, corruption and youth employment.

There was no clear-cut policy agenda for Nigeria’s Niger Delta region at the beginning of President Buhari’s administration in 2015. But the challenges that made the Niger Delta a policy priority to previous governments
remained much the same as they always had.


The oil industry continued to be the main source of public revenue for the Nigerian government. The development deficits that contribute to
armed militancy and protests by ethnic minorities in the region also persisted.

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Capacity Building for Islamic Clerics (Ulaamas) North-East Nigeria

By Press Release, UncategorizedNo Comments

Ulaamas have a crucial role to play in promoting Sulhu by utilizing existing peace governance structures in their communities to promote and build trust as well as foster social cohesion amongst people in the North East.

The Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD-West Africa), in collaboration with local peace actors in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe States, organized a capacity building training workshop for   Ulaamas (Clerics) on community-driven peacebuilding and reconciliation-Sulhu Alheri Ne.

The training is against the backdrop of the decade long Boko Haram conflict which has led to broader social divisions that jeopardize the prospect for long-term peace and reconciliation in the northeast region of Nigeria.

Being one of the Centre’s critical components of transitional justice program in the region, the training is aimed at strengthening the capacity of local actors on reconciliation, building trust, and dialogue in the area. 

Our Sulhu Alheri Ne approach is built on the Islamic teachings and customary principles of repelling evil deeds with good. Sulhu promotes the agelong tenets of forgiveness, reconciliation and dispute resolution.

In the past two months, we have built the capacity of 220 local actors, including Imams and members of local Islamic organizations, on reconciliation and social coherence. The actors were drawn from 65 LGAs of the BAY states. The workshop will be followed by a step-down training of other actors in their respective communities. 

The Ulamas are one of the trusted sources in today’ northeast Nigeria and are responsible for conflict resolution on day to day basis in the communities where they operate.  Our cohort of Ulamas are selected from the Friday mosques and IDP camps; we expect them to share the message of peace further and be champion of reconciliation, reintegration and justice.

One of the significant lessons learned from the workshop is that Ulaamas have a crucial role to play in promoting Sulhu by utilizing existing peace governance structures in their communities to promote and build trust as well as foster social cohesion amongst people in the BAY States.

As part of our Sulhu Alheri Ne engagements, we are sensitizing communities on reconciliation, interfaith dialogue and reintegration to mitigate negative narratives and rebuild trust between former combatants, victims, and host communities.  We also run a weekly radio program in Hausa and Kanuri on Peace FM.

CDD will continue to work towards sustainable peace and development in North East Nigeria.

Participants commended CDD for the implementation of the project and urged the Centre to extend the capacity building training to include other critical stakeholders in the conflict such as security agencies, traditional and communities leaders, women groups and the Civilian JTF.

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NIGERIA THIS WEEK ENDING JULY 10

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On the 5th of July 2020, the Nigerian Army released a statement that the troops of Operation Lafiya Dole had a total of 17 encounters with the two factions of the insurgents between 1 – 30 June 2020.

Operation Lafiya Dole is a military operation aimed at restoring peace to all parts of the North East and other parts of the country that are affected by the insurgency.

The encounters resulted in the killing of 75 Boko Haram and ISWAP fighters, capturing of 9 and rescuing of 18 women and 16 children from captivity.

Unfortunately, during these encounters, the military lost one officer, and the wounded one is recuperating at a military medical facility.

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Shin Hukumar Lafiya Ta Duniya Ta Amince Da Maganin Cutar Corona Da Kasar Madagascar Ta Samar?

By Fact CheckNo Comments

Gaskiyar Magana: Karya Ne

Tushen Magana:

A ranar 27 ga watan Mayun shekara ta 2020, masu tantance sahihanicin labari na Cibiyar Bunkasa Demokaradiyya da Cigaba wato CDD sun gano wani labari da wani shafin yanar gizo ya wallafa dake bayyana cewa hukumar lafiya ta duniya wato WHO ta amince da sinarin da ka iya magance cutar Corona da ake ta cece-kuce akansa da kasar Madagascar ta samar.

Shafin yanar gizon ya wallafa labarin ta hanyar bayyana cewa labari ne da dumi-duminsa, ga abinda jigon labarin yace: “Hukumar lafiya ta duniya ta amince da maganin cutar Corona da kasar Madagascar ta samar”.

Gaskiyar Magana:

Binciken da CDD ta gudanar ya gano cewa babban daraktan Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus hukumar lafiyar ta duniya yayi magana ta hanyar wayar tarho da shugaban kasar Madagascar Andry Rajoelina.

A lokacin tattaunawar, Messrs Rajoelina da Tedros sun tattauna hanyoyin da kasar Madagascar din da hukumar lafiyar zasu fadada bincike akan sinadarin da Madagascan da samar dangane magance cutar Corona.

Gwaje-gwaje akan sinadari da ya shafi magani akan aiwatar dasu ne akan kebabbun marasa lafiya dan auna mizanin yiwuwar magance cutar da suke dauke da ita ko akasin haka.

Binciken da CDD ta zurfafa akan lamarin ya gano cewa hukumar lafiya ta duniyar wato WHO ta saka hannu ne kawai akan sidarar yarjejeniyar adana bayani dangane da kirkiran maganin da kuma tantance maganin daga mahangar lafiya a nahiyar Afirka.

Shugaban kasar Madagskan, Andry Rajoelina a wata magana da yayi a shafin Twitter, ya bayyana cewa kasar sa da hukumar lafiyar ta duniya sunyi tattaunawa mai cike da fa’ida.

Ya kara da cewa Tedro ya yabawa kasar sa dangane da kokarin ta wajen dakile cutar Corona.

A lokacin da shugaba Rajoelina da Dr. Tedro sukayi magana a waya basu tattauna batun amincewa da sinadarin magance Corona ba da ake jita-jitar cewa WHO ta amince dashi.

CDD ta gano cewa hukumar lafiya ta duniya bata amince da sinadarin da kasar Madagaskan ta samar ba

Kammalawa:

Hukumar lafiya ta duniya bata amince da sinadarin magance cutar Corona da kasar Madagascar ta samar ba. CDD tana jan hankalin mutane da su rika karanta gundarin labari musamman idan zaurukan yanar gizo ne suka wallafa shi saboda a lokuta da yawa sukan gina jigon labari mai jan hankali domin jawowa shafukan su maziyarta.

Kuna iya turo wa CDD sakonni da labaran da kuke da shakku akansu dan tantance sahihancin su ta wannan lamba: +2349062910568 ko ku tuntunbe mu a shafin mu na Twitter mai adireshi kamar haka: @CDDWestAfrica_H.

Shin NCDC Tana Bada Tallafin Kudi Ga Yan Najeriya?

By Fact CheckNo Comments

Gaskiyar Magana: Karya Ne!

Tushen Magana:

A ranar Ladi 17 ga watan Mayun shekara ta 2020, masu tantance sahihancin labari na Cibiyar Bunkasa Demokaradiyya da Cigaba (CDD) sun gano wani sako da ake yadawa ta manhajar WhatsApp cewa hukumar dakile yaduwar cutuka ta kasa (NCDC) tana shirye-shiryen rabawa yan Najeriya tallafin kudi adaidai lokacin da ake cigaba da yakar cutar Corona.

Kamar yadda sakon ya bayyana, tallafin kudin za’a rabashi ne sakamakon umarnin da gwamnatin tarayya ta baiwa babban bankin kasa na CBN cewa ya baiwa NCDC din kudade dan rabawa yan Najeriya ta hanyar asusun ajiyar su na banki.

Sakon ya shawarci yan Najeriya da su cigaba da zama a gida kuma su duba cancantar su dan samun tallafin kudi ta hanyar kiran lambar wayar da aka bayar acikin sakon.

Ga abinda sakon yake cewa: sanarwa ga dukkan jama’a, sakamakon dokar zaman gida da yan Najeriya ke cigaba da yi, gwamnatin tarayya ta bada umarni ga babban banki kasa na CBN da ya raba kudi ga yan kasa ta hanyar hukumar dakile yaduwar cutuka ta kasa NCDC  dan tallafa musu. Wannan rabon kudi zai gudana ne ta hanyar asusun ajiya na banki.

Yan Najeriya dake da asusun ajiya na banki, da lambar kariya ta BVN da kuma katin cire kudi na ATM zasu samu wannan tallafi. Manufar tallafin shine samarwa yan Najeriya yanayi mai kyau yayin zaman gida. Zaku iya sanin ko kun cancanta ku samu wannan tallafin kudi ta hanyar kiran wannan 07043196929 lambar waya. Sakon ya karkare da cewa: “muna muku fatan nasara”.

Gaskiyar Magana:

Tun bayan samun bullar cutar Corona da kuma aiyana dokar zama a gida da gwamnatin tarayya da gwamnatocin jahohi suka yi, yan danfara a matakai daban-daban suke ta danfaran yan Najeriya ta sigogi daban-daban.

Daya daga cikin hanyoyin da mazanbatan kebi itace yin ikirarin cewa gwamnatin tarayya na kira ga mutane cewa suyi rijista ko bada asusun ajiyar su na banki a wani shafin yanar gizo dan samun tallafin kudi. CDD ta jima tana tantance ire-iren wadannan labaran bogi da wayar da kan jama’a game dasu.

A lokacin da take maida martani game labarin bogin, NCDC tace tana sane da jita-jitar da ake yadawa cewa zata rabawa yan Najeriya kudi a wannan lokaci da ake cigaba da zama a gida.

NCDC ta gargadi yan Najeriya da suyi watsi da sakon inda ta bayyana shi a matsayin labarin bogi, NCDC taja hankalin mutane da su dakatar da yada sakon.

Sanarwar da NDCD ta fitar game da labarin bogin ta kara da cewa: “aikin NCDC sune jagoranta da ganowa tare da bada dauki ko kulawa ga cutuka masu yaduwa dama magance barazanar lafiya da za’a iya fuskanta”

Bincike da CDD ta aiwatar ya gano cewa gwamnatin tarayya bata sakarwa NCDC kudi ta hanyar babban bankin kasa na CBN ba dan rabawa ga yan Najeriya.

Kammalawa:

NCDC ba ta raba kudaden tallafi ga yan Najeriya sakamakon zaman gida da suke cigaba da yi. Raba kudaden tallafi a lokutan annoba baya cikin ayyukan NCDC. CDD na jan hankalin jama da su rika tantance sakonni dama sanarwa musamman a manhajar WhatsApp kafin yadasu saboda ba dukkan abinda aka gani bane yake gaskiya.

Kuna iya turo wa CDD sakonni da labaran da kuke da shakku akansu dan tantance sahihancin su ta wannan lamba: +2349062910568 ko ku tuntunbe mu a shafin mu na Twitter mai adireshi kamar haka: @CDDWestAfrica_H.

CDD Call for Fellowship Applications

By Blog, Job Vacancy, latestNo Comments

The Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) is now accepting fellowship applications for 2021-2022. CDD’s fellowship program aims to bring together people working in areas related to democracy and development from across a broad range of disciplines. CDD commits to leveraging its profile and resources in West Africa and internationally to advance CDD fellows’ research and reputation.

 CDD will award two types of fellowships:

  • Residential Fellowships, including:
    • Six-month,
    • One-year fellowships, including two named and fully funded fellowships.
  • Non-residential fellowships, which are typically long-term (longer than a year).

Residential Fellows

CDD expects that residential fellows will work on a project relevant to CDD’s thematic areas; be open to collaboration with CDD staff, including holding training sessions for staff on new conceptual frameworks and methodologies; and present within and outside CDD on their projects. Residential fellows are expected to be physically present on the CDD premises for the entire duration of the fellowship.

We welcome projects around our core thematic areas of democratic governance and people-centred development in West Africa. We interpret these areas broadly; apply even if you feel your project idea does not directly address these themes. This fellowship round, we are especially interested in scholars with expertise and experience in the intersection of politics and technology (for example, how increased digitization in African countries will affect state-society relations). We are also keen on projects that look at the political economy of health crises (for example, how government allocation of health aid can affect voting outcomes).  

The two named fellowships are fellowship positions attached to the annual lectures that two eminent fellows are expected to give under CDD auspices. The fellows will work actively in the various year-long activities of the annual lecture, culminating in written work suitable for publishing in a respected journal. We will give more information on the named fellowships after the annual lectures have been unveiled—this means that right now applications for the named fellowships are not being accepted.

Non-Residential Fellows

The Non-Resident Fellowship aims to support experienced civil society professionals and academics to work on innovative projects which their current work environment may not be conducive to. CDD will provide the full range of its capacity to develop projects from ideation to execution. While we generally accept residential fellows in cohorts, we deal with non-resident fellows on an individual basis. This does not preclude working with other fellows and staff; CDD highly encourages collaboration where possible. While non-resident fellows are not typically expected to report to CDD, we can arrange for short-term stints at the office where necessary.

Bottom of Form

Qualifications

As CDD is in the nascent stages of an expanded fellowship program, we have just a few guidelines for application:

  • We are only accepting applications from PhD students or post-doctoral scholars whose research is relevant to CDD’s thematic areas.
  • We are not accepting applications from Nigerian citizens or Nigerian dual citizens for our residential fellowships. Nigerians and Nigerian dual citizens are welcome to apply for non-residential fellowships.
  • We encourage women, West Africans, and Africans studying West Africa to apply.
  • Proficiency in English is required, proficiency in French is a strong plus.

Stipends

CDD will award a modest stipend to a small number of applicants, specifically those who can demonstrate financial need. The stipends may vary depending on the length of the program. We do not expect that most fellows will receive CDD funding. We are able to provide references for external grants or other kinds of support. All fellows under the named fellowship will receive full funding—right now, named fellows are not being accepted.

Questions

Questions about the fellowship should be directed to fellowship@cddwestafrica.org

How To Apply

Applicants should send to fellowship@cddwestafrica.org:

  • A resume or C.V.
  • A personal statement not more than 1000 words long that responds to the following:
    • What is the project you propose to implement?
      • This should address the problems the project seeks to solve, the methods you might employ, and the beneficiaries of your research project.
    • How is CDD uniquely positioned to facilitate your project?
      • We are looking for broad indications here. For example, CDD’s work on politics and technology is emergent, although we are keen to take fellows in this area.
  • How does your personal background inform and influence your research?
  • A copy of a relevant publication
  • Indicate whether you are applying for funding or not. If you are, append any information demonstrating your need to the application.
  • The email subject line should be formatted as “fellowship application for [indicate length of fellowship] starting [indicate preferred date: mm/yyyy]”

We also require a letter of reference sent directly from the referee to fellowship@cddwestafrica.org

We accept applications on a rolling basis. We aim to respond to complete applications within 4 weeks.

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Is Nigerian Government Monitoring Citizens’ Phone and all Social Media Conversations?

By Fact CheckNo Comments

VERDICT: False and Misleading

CLAIM: CDD Fact checkers spotted a viral message trending on WhatsApp on Wednesday, February 12, 2020 with claim the that there is a new communication regulation which allows the Nigeria government to monitor a wide range of communication channels including phone calls, WhatsApp conversations, Twitter, Facebook, all social media and forums. The Message further claimed that citizens’ ‘’devices are connected to ministry systems’’, and that the new regulation was initiated by the is Minister of Communication, Dr. Isah Ali Pantami.

FACT: A fact check conducted by the Centre for Democracy and Development shows that the message is a global hoax, which didn’t start from Nigeria. The check also showed that in October 2017, a similar message went viral on Facebook and other social media platforms in India. It was attributed to the India Ministry of Interior. Earlier in April of the same year, the message circulated  in Ghana and was attributed to the Ministry of Interior and was later debunked in a statement signed by the Ghanian Chief Director for the Ministry, Mrs Adelaide Anno-Kumi. The minister said emphatically that “there is no such new communication regulation and thus calls on the general public to disregard the news item’’

Further checks by our Fact Checkers show that the message also went viral in June 2017 in Saudi Arabia after it was shared by a popular Facebook page, People of Saudi Arabia. This particular message has travelled the world since  2012 making stops in The United Arab Emirates, and Malaysia and Nigeria in 2017.

The Ministry of Communications and Digital Economy was contacted, a staffer at the Ministry referred CDD fact checkers to the official social media channels and website of the Ministry. The staffer claimed that all information relating to the Ministry can be found online. Following the review  of the website and social media handles of the Ministy, Fact Checkers can authoritative state that there is no circular, press statement of policy direction that validate the existence of the new regulation. Fact checkers also reviewed the official social media handle of the Minister, Dr Isa Patami. 

A source at the Minister’s office, who preferred not to be named, responded when reached, the statement reads: “Of course it’s fake, not even worth responding to, in my opinion, under which law will the government arrest and prosecute people for forwarding messages.  The source said the Minister is aware Nigerians are against censorship considering their rejection of the two bills on social media and the hate speech and that the message is a shoddy job by the merchants of fake news.

Fact checkers reviewed the Nigeria’s 1999 Constitution as amended, to ascertain the claim; the Constitution inSection 39 (1) protects the freedom of expression and personal liberty of the citizens. Under this provision, no governmental/public body can record, save or monitor a citizen’s private conversation. The government of a democratic country cannot, without any legal circumstance, invade the privacy of its citizens.

It is also worthy of note that WhatsApp, the social media platform, which the message claimed, the government will be monitoring is almost completely encrypted from end-to-end, which makes it almost impossible to track the movement of messages, making it fairly simple for someone to start a trail of fake news messages without ever being able to go back to the original sender.

CONCLUSION

The claim that government is monitoring conversation on phone and all social media is FALSE. Therefore, the viral WhatsApp message which claimed that: “from tomorrow onwards there will be a new communication regulation to monitor conversations of every Nigerians by the government” is false and misleading.

CDD urges Nigerians to desist from the spread of misinformation, a good practice is to verify source of information before sharing. Disinformation, misinformation and fake news are injurious to the common existence. Join CDD in the campaign to #StopFakeNews.

CALL FOR APPLICATIONS TO PARTICIPATE IN THE HACKATHON ON COMBATING DISINFORMATION AND MISINFORMATION IN KANO STATE

By Blog, latestNo Comments

In recognition of the harmful effects of disinformation and its impact on the nation; the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) is calling for entries to design solutions to address this menace.

Eligibility criteria

The call is open to computer programmers, interface designers, project managers, social media influencers, amongst others. Females, youth and persons living with disability are strongly encouraged to apply.

Application is strictly for those living in Kano state.

Application procedure

Application opens on the 8th of February and closes on the 21st of February 2020. For submission of an entry, the assigned person should complete the application form.>>> https://forms.gle/HFxeK5DBMLPS7fot6

Selection process

To participate in the hackathon, the applicant MUST complete the application form attached and respond to all compulsory questions (marked*). 

PLEASE NOTE: Only selected applicants will be contacted.

Inquiry

For further inquiry, please contact Aliyu Dahiru Aliyu, Programmes Officer, via adahiru@cddwestafrica.org and 09039128220.

About CDD

The Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) was established in the United Kingdom in 1997 and subsequently registered in Lagos – Nigeria in 1999 as an independent, not-for-profit, research, training, advocacy and capacity-building organisation. The Centre was established to mobilise global opinion and resources for democratic development and provide an independent space to reflect critically on the challenges posed to the democratisation and development processes in West Africa, and also to provide alternatives and best practices to the sustenance of democracy and development in the region.

CDD envisions a West Africa that is democratically governed, economically integrated. The mission of the Centre is to be the prime catalyst and facilitator for strategic analysis and capacity building for sustainable democracy and development in the West African sub-region.

Apply here

Sorting Fact From Fiction : Nigeria's 2019 Election

By Blog, Nigeria Election 2019, PublicationsNo Comments

Nigeria 2019 Election Fact-File

The Centre for Democracy and Development’s Election Analysis Centre (EAC) for the 2019 presidential and gubernatorial elections, represented the first attempt in Nigeria at running a rigorous fact-checking process before, during and after the electoral process of both presidential and gubernatorial elections. CDD’s specific mandate was to provide a filter and check on viral stories, that were demonstrably false. Or to confirm, with sources and justification, if certain events were true or with fact (s). To do this CDD worked in collaboration with the National Democratic Institute and the Premium Times. However, there is scope for greater collaboration with other like-minded institutions such as the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) in the future. Nigeria 2019 Election Fact File

Methodology: Nigeria 2019 Election Fact File

Our methodology to achieve ‘Nigeria’s 2019 election fact-file’ during the elections, was a highly focused version of our usual fact-checking process. A small team of seven individuals each had individualised functions. We had two spotters who monitored the online space, including Facebook groups, Twitter accounts and WhatsApp groups. The groups we monitored had already previously been tagged in our ever-expanding database as sources of disinformation, through research and online mapping efforts that will be described further below. The spotters would then forward news stories that were popular (for example over a hundred shares on Twitter) to the fact-checkers.
This ensured that we highlighted and countered stories that were significant and prevented us from popularising false information [without fact (s)] that may not have reached a wide audience until our fact-check. The process for checking the validity of a story during the elections was facilitated by our nationwide-wide network of election observers² in each of Nigeria’s 36 states plus the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). This meant that our fact-checkers could reach out to an observer in any state to confirm a story. Once the validity of a story was verified, the fact-check itself would be written and sent to our designer to be turned into an infographic. This infographic was published on Twitter³ with all the relevant hashtags to ensure better reach and visibility (Methodology employed for Nigeria 2019 election fact file).

Spotters vs Fact Checkers for Nigeria 2019 Election

Monitoring the online landscape is not just relevant for fact checking, but allowed our research team to collect examples of hateful, inflammatory or false content; find groups that were spreading it; and track trending topics and disinformation campaigns online. Groups and accounts that we initially found led us to more, which if significant were added to our list online sources to be observed in future. In our online monitoring, we were able to identify three key content types that we subsequently focused on:

  1. Election logistic
  2. Election-related violence videos
  3. Conspiracy theories

Images or videos were analysed using tools such as reverse-image search to verify their origins and see if the content had appeared elsewhere. The fact checking process for a single story could take up to one hour and involved detecting a trending story – sometimes shared on private WhatsApp groups⁴, reaching out to our observers in the field and then designing and publishing the fact-check. Our standard format was in the form of an infographic that clearly showed the material being fact-checked, whether it be a picture, or a headline or a tweet. We chose infographics because the format allows us to convey information in an easily consumable form. Our tracking showed that our infographics had on average, 20 interactions on Twitter. In looking for sources of fake news, we were able to map the partisan nature of the online landscape. (Nigeria 2019 Election Fact File)
Download: Sorting Fact from Fiction.
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WhatsApp and Nigeria’s 2019 Elections: Press Release

By Blog, Nigeria Election 2019, Press ReleaseNo Comments

WhatsApp both strengthens and undermines Nigerian democracy, says UK-Nigeria research team

Research findings were released today by a UK-Nigerian research team examining the role of WhatsApp in Nigeria’s 2019 elections. Drawing on citizen surveys and interviews with political campaigns, the report underlines the ways in which WhatsApp has promoted the spread of “fake news” around elections, but has also strengthened accountability and promoted inclusion in other areas.
At the Shehu Musa Yar’Adua Centre in Abuja, Nigeria, on Monday 29 July, researchers from the Centre for Democracy and Development (Nigeria) and University of Birmingham (UK) presented key findings from a WhatsApp-sponsored research project on the role of WhatsApp in Nigeria’s 2019 elections. The report, WhatsApp and Nigeria’s 2019 Elections: Mobilising the People, Protecting the Vote, is available in full at http://bit.ly/2GAJSRF.
WhatsApp is the most popular messaging app in 40 African countries, including Nigeria, due to its low cost, encrypted messages, and the ability to easily share messages with both individuals and groups. The aim of the research project was to shed light on how the app is influencing Nigerian elections, particularly in light of concerns – in Nigeria, and across the globe – about social media usage and the spread of so-called “fake news”.
Dr Jonathan Fisher (University of Birmingham) led the research team, which included Idayat Hassan (Centre for Democracy and Development), Jamie Hitchen (Independent Consultant) and Professor Nic Cheeseman (University of Birmingham). The research consisted of 50 interviews with political campaigns, activists, scholars and experts in Abuja, Oyo and Kano and a citizen survey (n=1,005) and focus groups in Oyo and Kano states.
Focusing in particular on governor races in Oyo and Kano, the research found that:

  1. Organization: The political use of WhatsApp is becoming increasingly sophisticated and organized at the presidential level. By setting up multiple overlapping WhatsApp groups, organizations such as the Buhari New Media Centre (BNMC) and Atikulated Youth Force (AYF) – set up to support, respectively, the campaigns of President Buhari and his main opponent, Atiku Abubakar – can send messages to tens of thousands of people at the touch of a button by forming hundreds of groups of 256 members. Things look very different below the national level, however, where a significant proportion of activity remains informal. This limits the ability of formal structures like parties to set and control narratives at the local level. Dr Fisher says that:

“Our research shows that while WhatsApp replicates existing political patron-client networks to some extent, it is also helping less traditional power-players to enter the political arena – particularly tech-savvy youth.”

  1. Content: Different types of content shared via WhatsApp have varying impacts depending on who they have been shared by, and how they are presented to the user. Idayat Hassan says that:

“The format, style, source and the content of a piece of information shared or received on WhatsApp all have a critical impact on how far they reach, and how far they are believed…pictures and videos are increasingly influential.”

  1. Networks: Offline and online structures are interlinked, reinforcing and building on each other in ways that are important to understand. As a result, in many respects WhatsApp amplifies the significance and influence of networks that already exist within Nigerian politics and society. Jamie Hitchen says that:

“The interaction between information shared on WhatsApp and the offline context is a crucial part of the digital eco-system, and challenges claims that the platform has revolutionised political campaigning.”

  1. Impact: WhatsApp is used to both spread disinformation, and to counter it. One of the most notorious messages of the election – the false story that President Buhari had died and been replaced by a clone from Sudan – was widely circulated on WhatsApp. But candidates also used WhatsApp to alert citizens to false stories and to “set the record straight”. Professor Cheeseman says that:

“Social media platforms are both a threat to democracy and a way to strengthen it. WhatsApp is being used to spread “fake news” on the one hand, and run fact-checking campaigns and election observation on the other. The challenge is to reduce risks without undermining the way that social media can strengthen accountability and promote inclusion.”
The research also underlines that, particularly at the sub-national level, while WhatsApp gives candidates an electoral advantage, social media alone cannot win an election. Instead, the most important thing for a candidate is to be an authentic leader of the community – to be present and accessible. This means that a candidate’s ground campaign remains the most important thing to get right. Thus, while WhatsApp has transformed the electoral environment, it has not revolutionized it.
The research findings suggest both short- and longer-term recommendations:
In the short-term, making it easier for individuals to leave WhatsApp groups and report disinformation; reinforce the ability of group administrators to set standards; target digital literacy training to social influencers and strengthen WhatsApp’s ability to understand the risk of misuse by opening an office in the African continent.
In the longer-term, state and federal governments should invest more in digital literacy as part of the national curriculum, while political campaigns should develop social media codes of conduct for future elections. Online protection of data and civil liberties should also be enhanced in Nigeria, and beyond.
Read Similar Articles
 
Further information:

  • Media Manager (University of Birmingham): Hasan Salim Patel

Email:      h.s.patel@bham.ac.uk
Telephone:  +44 (0) 121 415 8134 / +44(0)7580 744943

  • Nigeria Contact (Centre for Democracy and Development): Idayat Hassan

Email: ihassan@cddwestafrica.org
Telephone/WhatsApp: +234 (0) 703 369 0566

  • UK Contact (University of Birmingham): Dr Jonathan Fisher

Email: j.fisher@bham.ac.uk
Telephone/WhatsApp: +44 (0) 7894 452 788
 

Sorting Fact From Fiction

By Blog, Nigeria Election 2019, PublicationsNo Comments

The Centre for Democracy and Development’s Election Analysis Centre (EAC) for the 2019 presidential and gubernatorial elections represented the first attempt in Nigeria at running a rigorous fact-checking process before, during and after the electoral process of both presidential and gubernatorial elections. CDD’s specific mandate was to provide a filter and check on viral stories that were demonstrably false. Or to confirm, with sources and justification, if certain events were true. To do this CDD worked in collaboration with the National Democratic Institute and the Premium Times. However, there is scope for greater collaboration with other like-minded institutions such as the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) in the future.
Monitoring the online landscape is not just relevant for fact-checking, but allowed our research team to collect examples of hateful, inflammatory or false content; find groups that were spreading it; and track trending topics and disinformation campaigns online. Groups and accounts that we initially found led us to more, which if significant were added to our list online sources to be observed in future. In our online monitoring, we were able to identify three key content types that we subsequently focused on:

  1. Election logistic
  2. Election-related violence videos
  3. Conspiracy theories

Images or videos were analysed using tools such as reverse-image search to verify their origins and see if the content had appeared elsewhere. The factchecking process for a single story could take up to one hour and involved detecting a trending story – sometimes shared on private WhatsApp groups⁴, reaching out to our observers in the field and then designing and publishing the fact-check. Our standard format was in the form of an infographic that clearly showed the material being fact-checked, whether it be a picture, or a headline or a tweet. We chose infographics because the format allows us to convey information in an easily consumable form. Our tracking showed that our infographics had on average, 20 interactions on Twitter. In looking for sources of fake news, we were able to map the partisan nature of the online landscape
Download: Sorting Fact from Fiction.

[rt_animated_link_style animated_link_style=”two” animated_link_anchor=”url:https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cddwestafrica.org%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2019%2F07%2FSORTING-FACT-FROM-FICTION.pdf|title:Sorting%20Fact%20from%20Fiction||” animation=”swing” extra_class=”link” extra_id=” Sorting Fact from Fiction“]

PRESS RELEASE: THE 2019 BUHARIMETER SURVEY

By Blog, Press Release, ProjectsNo Comments

Focus on the Jobs, Economy and Security – Nigerians urge President Buhari

 

The Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD-West Africa) has recently released the 2019 Buharimeter Survey report. The report amongst other findings identified Job creation, economy, security and poverty alleviation as the most important policy priorities that Nigerians want President Buhari’s administration to address over the next four years of his 2nd democratically elected tenure. Overall, the two broad themes seeking critical attention from public opinion are: the revamping of the country’s economy and improving the state of security.

Buharimeter 2019 Survey Report

The past surveys by CDD appraised the performance of President Buhari’s administration and track achievements against campaign promises. However, this latest survey, which marks the 4th in the series of annual perception surveys by the Centre, sought to provide the government with a Citizens’ Road Map of key policy priorities that Nigerians expect the president and his administration to address over the next four years. The survey was conducted on behalf of CDD by Africa Polling Institute (API), and fieldwork was undertaken between the 24th April and 20th May 2019. A total of 5,019 Citizens above 18 years were interviewed from a nationally representative sample covering the 36 states and the FCT. We also interviewed experts on economy and security.

Buharimeter 2019 Survey Report

From the survey, Nigerians were asked to identify the 1st, 2nd and 3rd most important policy priorities. The findings clearly revealed that job creation (35 percent) and security (24 percent) are the top two 1st most important policy priorities that Nigerians across gender, age group, locality and geopolitical region want President Buhari to focus on in the next 4 years. On average, emphasis on job creation was stronger in the South (38 percent) than the North (33 percent), while emphasis on security is stronger in the North (33 percent) than the South (14 percent). The highest demand for job creation was from the South-West and North-Central (42 percent for both), while the highest demands for security were from North-East (40 percent) and North West (37 percent).

The 2nd most important policy priorities are, likewise, job creation (17 percent) and security (15 percent) and the ranking holds across gender and age group with exception of the elderly above 64 years whose policy priorities are healthcare (28 percent) and security (15 percent). Also, while job creation (20 percent) and security (16 percent) are uniformly top priorities in the Northern zones, the leading priorities are job creation and economy (15 percent for each priority) in South East and South South; and security (21 percent) and job creation (12 percent) in the South West. In terms of locality, job creation (19 percent) is ranked above security (13 percent) in rural areas; security (18 percent) was ranked above job creation (15 percent) in semi-urban areas; while the two are ranked equally (16 percent each) in urban areas.

The findings show that poverty eradication (13 percent) and economy (12 percent) are the 3rd most important policy priorities on aggregate. While the aggregate priority ranking holds among women, men ranked poverty eradication and electricity (12 percent for both) as top priorities. The top priorities also vary across geopolitical zone: education (19 percent) and job creation (16 percent) in North East; economy (13 percent) and security (12 percent) in North West; electricity (14 percent) and economy (13 percent) in North central; corruption (14 percent) and poverty eradication (13 percent) in South East; electricity (13 percent) and a mix of infrastructure, economy and poverty eradication (12 percent each) in South South; while education and electricity are ranked equally (16 percent each) in South West.

On the issue of security, the leading and most prevalent security challenge affecting Nigerians is kidnapping (24 percent). Next is book haram and other insurgencies (19 percent), cultism, political thuggery, hooliganism and terrorism (18 percent), armed robbery, theft or burglary (17 percent) and the farmers-Fulani herdsmen crisis (12 percent). While most attention is currently focused on insurgency, it is very clear from the findings that Nigerians are besieged by a multifaceted security crisis

Given the prominence of job creation, which is a derivative of a strong economy, and security as top most important policy priorities that Nigerians want President Buhari to address, the survey also sought policy recommendations to tackle those issues from survey respondents and experts in the areas of economy and security.

On the issue of job creation, the top recommendations elicited by survey respondents require the government to pursue a youth-sensitive job creation program (39 percent), stimulate industrial expansion through both local investments and foreign direct investments (15 percent), and take steps to revive companies that closed down during the recent recession (7 percent). Given that the unemployment problem has both demand and supply side dimensions, experts are of the opinion that supply-side challenges must also be addressed head-on. They recommend urgent steps to overhaul the education system in order to make it more responsive to the needs of industry and improve the quantity and quality of the workforce being pushed into the labor markets every year.

To tackle the security challenges, experts recommend that Government comes up with a clearly defined national security strategy that is both comprehensive and effective in responding to the country’s security challenges. They recommend the need for the President to urgently formulate and implement comprehensive reform of the security and rule of law sectors. This needs to be complemented by constitutional and administrative reforms that will guarantee citizens’ rights, curb corruption, improve transparency and accountability, and enhance service delivery. They recommend the President to establish an intelligence-led security infrastructure with the following elements: i) a more responsive security system that involves redeployment of all security personnel into smaller bases (more spread out) such that every area in the regions can be reached within a short time; ii) use of drones to provide 24hrs sky level coverage of trouble spots and regions; iii) development of security teams that recruit ordinary people in each local government area in the regions with the teams including farmers, market sellers, traders, etc, equipped with an analogue phone, whose charge can last weeks, with pre-programmed numbers to call. The human agents will become a key part of an early warning system that will alert the control room of a problem in their area or of the presence of attackers.

When asked about options to curb corruption, most of the respondents (25%) advised the government to arrest, jail and possibly apply the death penalty to offenders of the country’s anti-corruption code as a strategy to tackle the deep-rooted problem of corruption. The option to put in place measures to bring bribery of officials to a halt and apply the policy of zero tolerance for corruption was advocated by 12% of the respondents. One-in-ten (10%) of respondents advised the government to focus on job creation, poverty reduction and economic development while a similar percentage advocated for good governance, justice and fairness to all citizens.

When asked about the legacy they would like President Buhari to leave behind after his tenure comes to an end, 23 percent of Nigerians want the president to leave a legacy of good governance, good leadership and fulfilment of promises made; 17 percent wants a country with strong and stable economy; and 13 percent wants a legacy of jobs and business opportunities. Given the links between jobs and business opportunities and the strength and stability of the economy, it implies that a combined 30% of respondents desire a legacy of sustained economy growth and stability. In effect, the leading legacy that Nigerians want from President Buhari is a strong and stable economy that is creating jobs and economic opportunities. Others include a legacy of improved security (10 percent); corruption-free country (9 percent); peaceful and united country (6 percent); constant power supply (5 percent); infrastructural improvement (5 percent), improved educational system at reduced costs (3 percent); food sufficiency (2 percent), improved healthcare (2 percent).

Idayat Hassan

Director, CDD-West Africa

Did former governors gang up against Goodluck Jonathan?

By Fact CheckNo Comments

Verdict: False
Claim: On 5th June, a story appeared on the website – ‘saharanews.co’ which made a number of spurious claims. The claims were that northern governors accused GEJ of killing northerners, and prevented the sales of arms to Nigeria which could have aided in the war against Boko Haram, the article further claims that since Buhari is now president the embargo has been lifted.
 
Fact: Investigations by CDD fact checkers found that the post was copied from the popular Nigerian message board – Nairaland. The reason the U.S. under Obama had an embargo which prevented the sale of arms to Nigeria, was because of the existence of the Leahy Law. The Leahy Laws or Leahy amendments are U.S. human rights laws that prohibit the U.S. Department of State and Department of Defence from providing military assistance to foreign security force units that violate human rights with impunity.
This law has been heavily criticised by President Buhari. He has also not responded to organizations, like the Amnesty International’s reports of human rights violations by the Nigerian military, especially in the north east.
 
Conclusion: The claim is entirely FALSE, former governors did not work with former President Obama to deprive Nigeria the sales of arms to fight Boko Haram.

CDD Fact Check: How true is the Claim that EFCC arrested Okorocha and Wife?

By Fact CheckNo Comments

Verdict: FALSE
Claim:
CDD has spotted a news circulating on Social media, and traditional media space, claiming that the EFCC arrested Immediate pasted Governor of Imo State, Rochas Okorocha and his wife.  The reports came in the early hours of 30th May, 2019, on different news site including pulseNG, Concise News,   informationng and went viral on different social media spaces “Rochas Okorocha arrested just a day after he ended his tenure as Imo state governor. The reports added that operatives of the Economic and Financial Crimes commission have arrested former Imo state governor, Rochas Okorocha and his wife Nkechi”.
The Fact
Fact Checkers at CDD reached out to EFCC Spokesperson, Mr. Tony Orilade who stated that EFCC had not done any of such as claimed by reports. Orilade said, “Such report that Okorocha and wife have been arrested is fake News”. Daily Post and Punch Newspapers also released reports supporting EFCC’s statement verified from Mr. Orilade that the claim should be disregarded as it is a malicious deception.
Conclusion: The Claim that EFCC arrested Okorocha and Wife is False, it is aimed to mislead the general populace.

CDD Fact Check: How valid is the claim that APC has 14 Governors Inaugurated on 29 May 2019 and PDP 15?

By UncategorizedNo Comments

VERDICT: TRUE
THE CLAIM: A claim has been spotted circulating on social media, including WhatsApp that the Peoples’ Democratic Party (PDP), which is the main opposition party in Nigeria had 15 governors inaugurated on May 29, 2019 and the ruling party, the All Progressive Congress (APC) had 14.
THE FACTS: On May 29, 2019, (former democracy day) now referred to as Inauguration day is set aside for the swearing-in of elected officials in the Executive Arm of government. 29 state governors and deputy governors took oath of office to govern their states for the next four years. CDD Fact Checkers reviewed the website of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) and found un-updated list (https://www.inecnigeria.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/2019-GENERAL-ELECTIONS-LIST-OF-GOVERNORS-ELECT-AND-DEPUTIES.pdf) of elected governors and deputies in the 2019 general elections. Fact checkers also reviewed media reports and internal CDD observers’ reports, following the conclusion of supplementary elections and the Supreme Court Judgement of Zamfara state APC primary election.
Aftermath these reviews; the APC had sworn-in governors in 14 states (Borno, Gombe, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kwara, Lagos, Nasarawa, Niger, Ogun, Plateau and Yobe). The PDP has 15 states (Abia, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Bauchi, Benue, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Enugu, Imo, Oyo, Rivers, Taraba and Zamfara) where their elected governors took oath of office.
Conclusion: The claim that APC has 14 and PDP has 15 governors sworn-in on May 29, 2019 is TRUE.

Did Miyetti Allah Demand for the Refund of N3.8b Campaign Funds Given to the APC Gubernatorial Candidate?

By Fact CheckNo Comments

 

Verdict: False
Claim:  The CDD have spotted a story circulating on WhatsApp alleging that Miyetti Allah Cattle Breeders Association of Nigeria, (MACBAN) are insisting that the sum of N3.8 billion financial contribution made to the APC gubernatorial election in Akwa Ibom State Mr Nsima Ekere, and his godfather, Senator Godswill Akpabio is returned to them.
The claim further alleged that Nsima Ekere entered into an  MOU dated January 15, 2019, with the Miyetti Allah to release lands in 31 local councils in the State for the establishment of Cattle Colonies if elected governor. Nsima Ekere was also said to have agreed to appoint Fulani Heads, to be known as Sarkin Fulani for the Cattle Colonies, with the Sarkin Fulani having the same status as Traditional Rulers.  The MOU was alleged to have been signed by Nsima Ekere and Alhaji Muhammadu Kirowa and Baba Ngelzarma as the National President and Secretary on behalf of the Miyetti Allah.
 
The Facts: CDD fact checkers traced the story to an online blog, nigerianconcord.  A blog established in February 2016. A cursory look on the blog reveals it as an outlet for political news, but most of the reports on the platform are mainly misinformation. The information on the platform suggests it is sympathetic to the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in Benue and Akwa Ibom States. The Blog adoption of the name Nigerian Concord may also be strategic as it seeks to pass itself off as the prestigious former Concord Newspaper.
On the 6th of March, nigerianconcord made similar claims in a news report prompting a response from the Akwa Ibom state APC who vehemently denied the allegations.
To further confirm or debunk the story, CDD fact checkers contacted the Miyetti Allah’s national secretary, Usman Baba-Ngelzarma, who denied sponsoring or entering into an MOU with Nsima Ekere or APC, Akwa Ibom.  In his words:
“We are not aware of this. We have no business with the man, we don’t know about it, we have never had anything to do with the Awka Ibom APC, and we don’t know where the source of this news is from, it’s not from Miyetti Allah. We have no business with any political activity; this information is one of these fake news;” he said.
Also, when contacted, the spokesperson of the APC campaign council in Akwa Ibom State, Hon. Eseme Eyibo told CDD that the malicious news was of the making of mischief makers. “There is no need to fact check that. Was any money given in the first place, how was it given, through whom? This is a malicious fiction;” he said.
 
Conclusion:
False
Available facts show that there is a credibility question of the blog from where this story originated. The blog failed to present enough evidence to back up their claims. The involved parties have also denied any involvement in the story outrightly calling it fake news. The political bias of the blog as evident in its publications casts further doubts on their genuine intentions thus justifying our verdict that the claims made therein are politically motivated and FALSE.

CDD Fact Check: Is Exxon Mobil leaving Nigeria?

By Fact CheckNo Comments

Verdict:  FALSE

The Claim:

Following a report by reuters.com on the 2nd of April, that Exxon Mobil recently held talks on the sale of a suite of oil and gas fields in Nigeria as the company focuses on new developments in US shale and Guyana. There have been speculations on social media platforms that Exxon is relocating from Nigeria.

The Facts:

CDD fact checkers contacted the spokesperson of ExxonMobil, who stated that the oil giant is committed to its long term business in Nigeria.
“It’s not true. Exxon Mobil is committed to its long term business operations in Nigeria, and we do not as a matter of practice discuss ongoing business discussion with people”, the spokesperson said.
Meanwhile, Richard Laing, Executive Director and Production Manager had on the 3rd of April released a statement, further debunking the claim stating that, “You may have seen some media reports yesterday about the sale of our Nigeria business. Please disregard these reports, as ExxonMobil remains committed to long-term business operations in Nigeria”.

Conclusion:

The claim that Exxon Mobil is relocating from Nigeria is entirely false.