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A weekly update on political, security, socio-political and health events across the West African region

In the week under review, our focus is on the outcomes of the 61st Ordinary Session of the
Authority of Heads of State and Government of the Economic Community of West African
States (ECOWAS) held on July 3 2022 at Accra, Ghana, and the impact on ECOWAS Member
States.


Key outcomes of the ECOWAS Summit of July 3, 2022
On terrorism in the region, specifically in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, and Nigeria and the
expansion to Benin and Togo, these attacks were strongly condemned while the Authority
expressed solidarity with the affected Member States and populations. The Authority reaffirmed
its determination to combat relentlessly the scourge of terrorism, to strengthen the operational
and logistical capacities of the forces in the frontline countries through the 2022-2024 Action
Plan and to promote development programmes and humanitarian support in the affected areas.
To that effect, Member States were encouraged to fulfil their pledges on the voluntary
contributions into the dedicated fund to support the implementation of the 2020 – 2024 Action
Plan.


On Burkina Faso, a progress report was presented by the mediator, former President of Niger,
Mahamadou Issoufou. The ECOWAS Authority acknowledged the proposal by the Transition
Authorities for the establishment of a joint Monitoring and Evaluation Mechanism with
ECOWAS to accompany the Transition process, the release of President Roch Marc Christian
KABORE and the new proposed timetable set at 24 months from 1st July 2022. Therefore, the
economic and financial sanctions adopted on 25 March were lifted while the suspension of the
country from all ECOWAS decision-making bodies was upheld.


On Guinea, the unacceptability of the 36-month transition timetable announced by the Guinean
Authorities was reiterated. In response to the Transition’s renouncement of Dr. Mohammed Ibn
Chambas as the ECOWAS Mediator to Guinea, the Authority appointed H.E. Yayi BONI,
former President of the Republic of Benin as the new ECOWAS Mediator to Guinea. The new
mediator is expected to work with the Transition Authorities to arrive at an acceptable transition
timetable for the transition latest by 1st August 2022, after which economic and financial
sanctions and targeted sanctions will be enforced if no acceptable transition timetable is
presented. Furthermore, Guinea remains suspended from all ECOWAS decision-making bodies.
On Mali, the economic and financial sanctions previously imposed by the Commission on
January 9 were lifted: the closure of the land and air borders between ECOWAS Member States
and Mali; the suspension of all commercial and financial transactions between ECOWAS
Member States and Mali; the freezing of the assets of the Republic of Mali domiciled in the
Central Banks and Commercial Banks of all ECOWAS Member States; the freezing of the assets

For the full report of the Summit

please see https://ecowas.int/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/UK_Final-
Communique-Summit-July-2022-VF.pdf

of public and parastatal enterprises of the Republic of Mali domiciled in commercial banks of all
ECOWAS Member States; the suspension of all financial assistance and transactions in favour of
Mali by ECOWAS Financial Institutions, particularly EBID and BOAD.
Although the Ambassadors of ECOWAS Member States to Mali were to resume duties, Mali’s
suspension from the ECOWAS decision-making bodies and individual sanctions against
individuals and groups were maintained pending progress reports on the transition to democracy.
A joint monitoring and follow-up mechanism for the implementation of the transition timetable
with agreed benchmarks was also established. The Heads of State reiterated the non-candidacy of
members of the transition authority in the elections organized for the return to constitutional
order.


On the appointment of new statutory appointees of ECOWAS Institutions, taking cognizance of
the end of tenure of the statutory appointees on June 30, new appointments were initiated during
the summit. The Gambia which was allocated the position of President of the ECOWAS
Commission, with Dr. Omar Alieu Touray appointed as the President of the ECOWAS
Commission for a four-year term with effect from 11th July 2022. Togo’s Ms. Damtien
Tchintchibidja emerged as the Vice-President. The President of Guinea Bissau, Umaro Sissoco
Embalo was elected the Chairman of the ECOWAS Authority of Heads of State and Government
for a one-year term.


The outcomes of the Summit were welcomed by the United States through a press statement

2. Particularly the agreement between ECOWAS and Mali on a 24-month transition timeline
starting in March 2022, the Burkina Faso transition government’s proposal to ECOWAS for a
two-year transition timeline to return Burkina Faso to democratically elected, civilian-led
governance, and the release of President Roch Marc Christian Kabore. They urged the transition
government in Guinea to move the country quickly toward a constitutional, civilian-led
democracy through a transparent and consultative process. They commended the leadership of
Ghanaian President Nana Akufo-Addo over the past year and welcomed the election of Bissau-
Guinean President Umaro Embalo, while expressing the United States’ commitment to
supporting ECOWAS and the transition governments of Mali, Guinea, and Burkina Faso as they
navigate their paths toward responsive democratic governance.
In reaction to the lifting of sanctions, Malians have expressed joy over ECOWAS decision in the
hope that their country’s economy would improve

3 .BURKINA FASO

Political Dynamics
Former President Roch Marc Kabore is released

The Statement can be found here https://www.state.gov/on-the-ecowas-summit/
https://www.africanews.com/2022/07/05/mali-reacts-to-lifting-of-sanctions-by-ecowas/

As part of the dynamics of strengthening social cohesion and national reconciliation in the
country, the Government has reaffirmed the total release of the former Head of State, Roch
Kabore. This was announced in a Communique by the governing authorities

4 . His freedom was also confirmed by the former Alliance of the parties of the presidential majority (Ex-APMP)

5 .Activists and supporters of the former presidential majority (APMP) paid a courtesy visit to him
on July 6 at his home in Ouagadougou. They used the opportunity to reaffirm their loyalty to the
former president deposed by the military on January 24, and to assure the general public of the
soundness of his mind and shape

6 .72nd Ordinary session of the Congress for Democracy and Progress (CDP)
The members of the National Political Bureau of the Congress for Democracy and Progress
(CDP Futurist Wing) held the 72nd ordinary session of their party on July 2 in Ouagadougou

7 .During the meeting, discussions revolved around the party’s internal crisis and the party’s
receipt. The party president, Eddie Komboigo asks the transitional authorities to respect the
administrative rules and enhance the issuance of the document. The party also congratulated
members how refused to leave the party, especially those claiming to belong to the historical
wing of the party. He reminded the party members of their objective which is the conquest of
power to soothe the pain of the people of Burkina Faso. He also called for unity among party
members.


The ECOWAS Mediator to Burkina Faso meets President Damiba
The ECOWAS Mediator for Burkina Faso, Mahamadou ISSOUFOU met the Transition
President on July 2, ahead of the ECOWAS Summit on July 3. He also met the Prime Minister
and certain members of the government, representatives of political parties, religious authorities,
the National Youth Council, and a delegation from the Francophonie. The report of his visit was
presented at the ECOWAS summit

8 .Burkina Faso strengthens its relationship with the Republic of Chile
Personalities from the Republic of Chile including Alex Wetzig, Secretary General for Foreign
Policy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile and Ambassador of Chile in Addis Ababa met
Excellency Sylvain Yaméogo, Ambassador, Deputy Permanent Representative, on July 4

9 . The exchange meeting, part of a bilateral framework of mutual support, served as an avenue for


The communique can be found here; https://burkina24.com/2022/07/03/le-gouvernement-reaffirme-la-liberation-totale-de-roch-marc-christian-kabore/
https://burkina24.com/2022/07/03/roch-marc-christian-kabore-effectivement-libre-selon-lex-alliance-des-partis-de-la-majorite-presidentielle-ex-apmp/

https://burkina24.com/2022/07/06/roch-kabore-est-en-pleine-forme-dans-un-etat-moral-tres-solide-selon-desire-guinko/
https://burkina24.com/2022/07/02/cdp-le-recepisse-du-parti-toujours-attendu-achille-tapsoba-encore-suspendu
https://burkina24.com/2022/07/02/mahamadou-issoufou-jai-ecoute-avec-attention-et-avec-beaucoup-dinteret-les-analyses-que-les-uns-et-les-autres-font/

https://burkina24.com/2022/07/04/cooperation-bilaterale-le-burkina-faso-et-la-republique-du-chili-renforcent-leur-relation/

Burkina Faso to learn of opportunities for collaboration in the sectors of agriculture, livestock,
education and mining. The meeting ended with good political will to seal a development
partnership for the benefit of the two States.


Burkina Faso’s reaction to the ECOWAS Summit’s decisions
In response to the withdrawal of the economic and financial sanctions which had been adopted at
the Extraordinary Summit of March 25, 2022, the government of Burkina Faso acknowledged
that the opportunity of consolidating its cooperation with its bilateral and multilateral partners

10 . The Government appreciated the patience and attentive listening of their mediator, Mahamadou
ISSOUFOU, and his enhancement of a compromise between ECOWAS and the transition
governing authorities. Nevertheless, the government deplored the upheld suspension of Burkina
Faso from ECOWAS decision-making bodies, while reaffirming its will and determination to
promote a peaceful and timely transition to democratic rule.


While visiting the President of Faso, Lieutenant-Colonel Paul-Henri Sandaogo DAMIBA, at the
end of his mission on July 5, the Danish Ambassador to Burkina Faso, Steen Sonne
ANDERSEN, also appreciated the agreement between Burkina Faso and ECOWAS Economic
Community of West African States (ECOWAS) for the return to constitutional order.
Additionally, in view of strengthening the cooperation between Denmark and Burkina Faso, the
diplomat reiterated Denmark’s commitment to supporting Burkina Faso in tackling humanitarian
challenges

11 . In line with this, the two countries recently signed an agreement on a major five-
year cooperation program of 100 billion FCFA, that will focus on activities to help populations
in their development.

High-level meeting of the presidents of Burkina Faso

Transition President of Faso, Lieutenant-Colonel Paul-Henri Sandaogo DAMIBA met the former
Heads of State of Burkina Faso on July 8 in Ouagadougou. Invited presidents included Roch
Marc Christian KABORÉ, Michel KAFANDO, Yacouba Isaac ZIDA, Blaise COMPAORÉ and
Jean-Baptiste OUÉDRAOGO.


The reconciliation initiative and the return of former leader Blaise Compaoré was initiated by
former president Roch Kaboré but halted by the trial of the assassination of Thomas Sankara.
However, arrangements made by the current transition president have facilitated Compaoré’s
arrival in Ouagadougou and participation in the reconciliation.


Although the meeting was to enhance a lasting peace and reconciliation, Michel Kafando was
absent for health reasons, Yacouba Isaac Zida for administrative reasons, and Roch Kaboré
prevented by an angry crowd, also could not attend this meeting.


https://burkina24.com/2022/07/05/le-gouvernement-deplore-la-suspension-du-burkina-faso-des-instances-de-la-cedeao/
https://burkina24.com/2022/07/05/lambassadeur-danois-steen-sonne-andersen-en-fin-de-mission-se-rejouit-de-laccord-entre-le-burkina-et-la-cedeao/

https://burkina24.com/2022/07/08/ouaga-forte-mobilisation-autour-du-domicile-de-roch-kabore/

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