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Idayat Hassan & Afolabi Adekaiyaoja


A counter coup d’etat started on 30 September 2022, which eventually led to the removal
of Interim President Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba from power. Damiba had risen to
power in January 2022, after leading a coup to overthrow the elected government of
Roch Marc Christian Kabore. This is the ninth coup since Burkina Faso’s independence
from France in 1960 and the third successful attempt in the last eight years. As at the
submission of this briefing report, Captain Ibrahim Traore has taken over as interim

In 2014, former President Blaise Compaore, after about 27 years in power (1987-2014), was forced to resign on October 31, 2014, with power initially moving to Lieutenant Colonel Issac Yacouba Zida. Within three weeks, on 17 November 2014, the military junta appointed diplomat Michel Kafando to head a transitional government. Despite Kafando heading the government, Zida remained as the prime minister and asserted influence. However, the transitional government was able to conduct elections that led to Kabore’s election in November 2015.

Kabore had been active in Burkinabe politics, serving in different ministerial positions
before becoming prime minister in 1996. He held several positions supporting the president
and joining the National Assembly, rising to the position of speaker of house in June 2002.
Kabore only left the CDP (Compaore’s party) in January 2014 and remained an active
participant in opposition politics to Campaore till his resignation in October the same year.
Kabore was elected in November 2015 as president with his own political party, the MPP,
created after leaving the CDP.

It’s worth stressing the fact that, the (about 13 months) transition that led to Kabore’s
election left the country divided following several dimensions. Indeed, at the end of the
transition, the political class was divided, the security forces as a whole were divided and to
some extent the society was divided. Unfortunately, President Kabore, during his first term
(2015-2020) was unable to effectively deal with these fractures. These fractures are part of
the challenges confronting Burkina Faso today.

In addition to the above, despite Kabore’s goodwill, and the support that led to his reelection in 2020, his inability to address rising security concerns and growing corruption scandals largely defined his term. Clashes between the army and jihadist fighters led to thousands of deaths and over a million displaced peoples. Following the Inata massacre on 24 November, nationwide civil and military outrage led to violent demonstrations in Ouagadougou on 22 January. Two days later, Kabore was forced to resign.

In February, Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba was sworn in as president with a pledge to
battle the Islamic terrorist groups. The Assise Nationale setup by President Damiba to
decide on transitional key issues adopted 39 months as the duration of the transition, that
the government will eventually set at 36 months before reducing it to 24 months under
the pressure from ECOWAS. President Damiba promised Burkinabe, among other things,
that they will observe substantial improvement in the security situation within 5 months.
As usual, international organisations condemned the coup and both West African and
African blocs imposed sanctions on Burkina Faso.

Read Full Report Here

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