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5G Bashi Da Alaka Da Cutar Coronavirus

By Fact CheckNo Comments

Gaskiyar Magana: Binciken da CDD ta gudanar ya gano cewa wannan jita-jitar da ake yadawa cewa 5G yana haifar da Cutar Corona labari ne na Bogi!

Tushen Magana: adaidai lokacin Cutar Corona ke cigaba da yaduwa, masu tantance sahihancin labarai na Cibiyar Bukasa Demokaradiyya da Cigaba wato Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) suna cigaba da aikin su na bin diddigin labaran karya dan gano tushen su ba-dare-ba-rana.

Misali, daya daga cikin wadannan labarai marasa tushe shine wani kirkirarren batu da ya janyo cece-kuce da muhawara, wannan batu ba wani bane face “maganar da ake tafka muhawara akanta cewa akwai alaka tsakanin 5G (sabon tsarin saurin anfanin da yanar gizo) da kuma Cutra Corona ko COVID-19”.

Masu anfani da shafin sada zumunta Facebook a fadin duniya suna ta wallafawa tare da yayata maganganu cewa wannan tsari na saurin anfani da yanar gizo na 5G shine ke sa mutane kamuwa da cuta amma ba Cutar Corona ko COVID-19, kuma mutane da dama sun mutu sakamakon illar da tsari na 5G ke haifarwa.

A Najeriya, tsohon Sanata mai wakiltan jihar Kogi Ta Tsakiya,  Dino Melaye yayi zargin cewa bincike ya nuna Cutar Corona ba ita bace kalubalen da duniya ke fuskanta ahalin yanzu. Melaye a wata magana da wallafa a ranar Asabat  4 ga watan Afirilun, 2020, yace, daga binciken da ya gudanar, Cutar Corona ba ita bace matsala ba a yanzu. Babbar matsalar itace wannan tsarin na 5G da ake ta jinkirin gabatar dashi.

Sanatan ya fitadda maganganu dan kara tabbatar da zargin sa da suka hada da bada jawabi ga yan jaridu inda yace kanfanin MTN Nigeria sun sanar da gwaji da zasuyi na wannan tsari na 5G a Najeriya.

Har yanzu dai akan batun 5G din, tsohon Ministan Sufurin Jiragen Sama Femi Fani-Kayode da Shugaban Majami’ar Christ Embassy, Fasto Chris suma sun jaddada jita-jita. Fani Kayode da Fasto Chris sun alakanta Cutar Corona da 5G inda sukace wannan wata makarkashiya ce ta gabatar mulkin mallaka na kasashe masu karfi.

Har wayau, daga 23 ga watan Maris zuwa 4 ga watan Afirilun 2020, akwai muryoyi da dama da aka nada kuma aka yada ta manhajar WhatsApp da sauran kafafen sadarwa ana yada wannan magana marras tushe.

Gaskiyar Magana: 5G baya kawo Cutar COVID-19. Akwai nau’i guda biyu da 5G yake dasu. Na farko shine “sub-6 GHZ” wanda nisan zangon sa yana kasa da ma’auni na 6 GHz. Na biyun shine “millimeter wave” shi kuma nisan zangon sa ya wuce ma’aunin “24 GHz”. Su sunadaran sub-6 GHz bawai kwata-kwata basu da alaka da 5G da 4G bane. Wi-fi da microwaves suna aiki ne da sinadarin sub-6 GHz.

Masu manufar jirkita fahimtar mutane game da 5G sunyi anfani da kaddamarwa da kuma gano wannan tsari a kasar China a matsayin hujjar su. Amma 5G din kasar China yayi anfani ne da sub-6 GHz. Haka huma microwave din muke anfanin dashi anan bai haifar mana da Cutar Corona ba a duk tsawon shekarun da mu dauka muna anfani dashi, saboda haka 5G bazai haifar mana da Cutar Corona ba. Hasali ma, bai kamata muyi tunanin fuskantar rashin lafiya ba sakamakon anfani da 5G.

A wani jawabin da ta fitar a shafinta na yanar gizo akan wannan batu, hukumar lafiya ta majalisar dinkin duniya WHO tace: “bayan gudanar da baincike mai zurfi, kawo yanzu babu wata matsananciyar rashin lafiya da mu’amala da na’urori da za’a iya sarrafa su ba tare da kulla waya ba” zasu haifar. WHO ta kara da cewa zata cigaba da nazarin bincike-binciken da ake gudanarwa a wannan bangaren kuma zata wallafa sakamako dangane da batutuwan lafiya da suka shafi zangon sadarwa na waya a shekata 2022.

Hukumar lafiyar ta duniya ta kara da cewa abinda yake samar da hulda tsakanin jikin dan’adam da zangon sadarwa shine dumama da ka’iya faruwa. Hakanan hukumar lafiyar ta cigaba da cewa yadda ake ta’ammuli da na’urori a yanzu baya haifar da wani yanayi da ka’iya zama matsala ga jikin dan’adam.

WHO tace babu wata barazana ga lafiyar al’umma indai har ta’ammulin yana kan ma’auni mafi karanci da kuma sharudan kasa da kasa.

Game da Cutar COVID-19, WHO da hukumar dakile cutuka ta Najeriya NCDC sunyi ittifakin cewa cutar ta samo asali ne daga dabbobi kafin yaduwar ta zuwa dan’adam.

A wani martani da ya mayar cikin gaggawa, Ministan Ma’aikatar Sadarwa da Tattalin Arziki Ta Fannin Sadarwa, Dr. Isah Ali Ibrahim Pantami ta cikin takarda da aka rabawa manema labarai a ranar 4 ga watan Afirilu shekara ta 2020, yace ba’a bada lasisi ko umarnin kaddamar da tsarin 5G a Najeriya ba. Dr. Pantami ya cigaba da cewa an bada izinin gwajin tsarin na 5G na tsawon watanni uku kuma gwajin ya fara aiki tun ranar 25 ga watan Nuwanba shekara ta 2019, kuma anyi hakanne dan gano cewa ko tsarin yana da illa ga lafiya ko al’amarin tsaro a Najeriya.

Minista Pantami yace: “a matsayin gwaji, na umarci ma’aikatar kula da harkokin sadarwa wato Nigeria Communications Commission (NCC) da su tabbatar da cewa ayarin kwararru, masana tsaro da dai sauran masu ruwa-da-tsaki sun shiga cikin wannan lamari na gwaji, hakanan ofishina ya gayyaci duk wadanna hukumomi na gwamnati dan suma su shaida yadda wannan gwaji zai kasance, ahalin yanzu, gwajin ya kankama, ana cigaba da yin nazari akan sakamakon gwajin kuma ana cigaba da rubuta rahoton”.

Kammalawa:

Babu wani sahihin bincike da ya tabbatar da alaka tsakanin samar da 5G da annobar Cutar Corona ko COVID-19. Hakanan kuma babu kanfanin sadarwa a Najeriya da yake gabatar da ayyukan akan tsarin 5G saboda har yanzu gwamnati bata bada umarnin yin hakan ba. CDD tana jan hankalin mutane da su guji daukar farfagandar da wassu sanannun mutane ke yadawa akan wannan al’amari.

5G Network not connected to Coronavirus pandemic

By Fact CheckNo Comments

VERDICT: FALSE

CLAIM: As the coronavirus pandemic sweeps through the world, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) have been on their toes, fighting unfounded claims over its origin, spread among many others.
An example of such claims and conspiracy theory which has gained traction online is a possible link between the new 5G network and Coronavirus (COVID 19).
Facebook users across the world have continued to share posts claiming that the 5G network and not the coronavirus, is making people sick with many dying from its effect.
In Nigeria, a former senator who represented Kogi West senatorial district, Dino Melaye, claimed that his research shows that the novel virus is not the world’s biggest problem.
Melaye in a Facebook post on Saturday, April 4, 2020, said: “From my research, this coronavirus is not the problem. The major problem is this 5G that has been delayed.”
The former lawmaker has since shared other post to prove his claims including a press release from mobile service provider MTN Nigeria announcing its trial of 5G network in Nigeria.
Similarly, Nigeria’s former Minister for Aviation, Femi Fani-Kayode and General Overseer of the Christ Embassy, Pastor Chris have joined the train of prominent Nigerians who have spoken publicly. Both Fani-Kayode and Pastor Chris linked the 5G network to Coronavirus, a conspiracy they referred to the coming of the New World Order.
Also, between March 23 and April 4, 2020, dozens of voice notes with various claims from conspiracy theories and unverified facts have circulated on WhatsApp and other platforms.

FACT
5G does not cause COVID-19. There are two types of 5G: “sub-6 GHz”, whose wavelengths are under 6 GHz, and “millimeter wave”, whose frequencies are above 24 GHz. The sub-6 GHz signals are not exclusive to 5G; 4G networks, Wi-Fi and microwaves all operate using sub-6 GHz signals.
Conspiracy theorists point to the launch of 5G networks around the same time as the discovery of the first case in China as proof of the relationship. However, the 5G China installed is the sub-6 GHz type. In other words, your microwave hasn’t given you coronavirus in all your years of use, neither will 5G networks.
In fact, we shouldn’t expect any deleterious effects of 5G on health. In a statement on its website, the WHO said:
“To date, and after much research performed, no adverse health effect has been causally linked with exposure to wireless technolgies.”
It also said it would continue to review research in this area and that a health risk assessment of all radiofrequency ranges will be published in 2022.

The WHO noted that main mechanism of interaction between radiofrequency fields and the human body is tissue heating. It also said that radiofrequency exposure levels from current technologies result in “negligible temperature rise in the human body”.
According to the international organisation, there is less penetration into the body tissues and absorption of the energy becomes more confined to the surface of the body (skin and eye)as this frequency increases.
It added that: “Provided that the overall exposure remains below international guidelines, no consequences for public health are anticipated.”
Concerning the spread of the novel COVID-19, the WHO and the Centre for Disease Control (CDC) have maintained the virus might have been contracted from animals before its person-to-person spread.
In a quick reaction to the widespread rumour and concerns raised by many Nigerians, the Minister of Communications and Digital Economy, Dr Isa Ali Ibrahim Pantami, in a press statement on April 4, 2020, said no licence has been issued for 5G in Nigeria.
Pantami said a three-month study trial had commenced on the new 5G network on November 25, 2019, to critically review and study the health and security implications of deploying 5G in Nigeria.
He said: “As part of the study trial process, I directed the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) to ensure that a team of experts, security agencies and other stakeholders fully participate in the trial process and my office also invited these agencies to participate in the trial and the trial process has been concluded and the study and reporting process is currently ongoing.’’

CONCLUSION
There is no scientific connection between the introduction or installation of 5G network and the Coronavirus pandemic.
Furthermore, not one Nigerian network provider is transmitting on the 5G network as the government is yet to issue a licence to any of them to do so.
CDD urges the general public to be wary of influential persons peddling such unfounded conspiracy theories.

Shin Shugaba Buhari Ya Sallami Abba Kyari Daga Aiki?

By Fact CheckNo Comments

Gaskiyar Magana: Karya Ne!

Tushen Maganar:

Jita-jiatr da ake yadawa cewa Shugaba Muhammadu Buhari  ya sallami Abba Kyari daga aiki saboda kamuwa da yayi da Cutar Corona ko COVID-19  karya ne. Mai taimakawa Shugaba Buharin ta bangaren yada labarai a kafafen sada zumunta na zamani Bashir Ahmad ya tabbatar da rashin sahihancin labarin a shafin san a Twitter a ranar 31 ga watan Maris din 2020 inda yace Abba Kyari yana cigaba da zama a mukaminsa na shugaban mai’aikata ga Shugaba Buharin.

Kammalawa:

Cibiyar Bunkasa Demokaradiyya da Cigaba wato CDD da Hukumar Wayar da Kan Jama’a ta Kasa (NOA) suna kira ga jama’a suyi watsi da wannan labari na bogi. Labari ne marar tushe kuma kirkirarre.

#AdenaYadaLabaranKarya

#AgujiYadaLabaranKarya

Shan Fitsarin Rakumi da Lemon Tsami Baya Maganin Cutar Corona

By Fact CheckNo Comments

Tushen Maganar: akwai wani labari na bogi da aka wallafa a shafin sada zumunta na zamani wato Facebook wanda yake ikirarin cewa shan fitsarin rakumi da lemon tsami yana maganin Cutar Corona. Wannan labari marar tushe an wallafa shi ne a ranar 30 ga watan Maris din 2020. Mawallafin ya bada tabbacin samun waraka daga Cutar Corona ga duk wanda yayi anfani da wannan labarin kanzon kurege nasa.

 Binciken Da CDD Ta Aiwatar: masu tantance labari dan gano sahihancinsa na Cibiyar Bunkasa Demokaradiyya da Cigaba wato CDD sun gano cewa wannan ikirari bashi da tushe, kuma likitoci ko masana a fannin lafiya basu bayyana hakan ba, saboda haka CDD tana jan kunne ga jama’a cewa su guji kirkira ko yada labaran karya.

Har wayau CDD tana jan hankalin mutane cewa su guji daukar duk mataki game da lafiyar su face wanda masanan lafiya suka bayar dan gudun jawowa kansu wata matsalar lafiyar.

Tantancewar Mu: Labari Ne Maras Tushe

Kammalawa:

Shan lemon tsami da fitsarin rakumi baya maganin Cutar Corona, kawo yanzu babu wani sahihin bincike daya bayyana hakan. Mutane su kiyayi baza jita-jita dangane maganin Cutar Corona. Zai fi kyau mutum yayi shiru akan abinda bashi da tabbas akai.

#AgujiYadaLabaranKarya

Minister Sadiya Farouk Never Said Only Poor Northerners Will Receive FG Support

By Fact CheckNo Comments

Verdict: False

CLAIM: An Instagram post claims that the Minister of Humanitarian Affairs, Sadiya Farouk, said that only the poorest Nigerians resident in the North are qualified to receive Federal Government’s Conditional Cash Transfer during the Coronavirus pandemic.

The post was made with the photograph of the minister and captioned: “We are only sharing money to the poorest Nigerians in the North because we don’t have poor people in Southern Nigeria…”

FACT:
This inflammatory statement has no source. The minister had spoken at a press briefing on Monday and Tuesday, March 30 and 31, 2020, with the Presidential Taskforce.
At the briefing, she said that all vulnerable Nigerians in the 36 states across the federation including the FCT will be eligible for the conditional cash transfers.

The FG’s cash transfers are for the poorest households in the country and its distribution is not decided by region. Also, there is a social register for all states, which will be used to guide the process.

Conclusion: The claim that the FG plans to distribute the funds to ameliorate the burden of the Coronavirus pandemic to northern residents only is False.

The CDD urges the general public to disregard the inflammatory message and desist from sharing the claim.

Did TV Show ‘My Secret Terrius’ Predict Coronavirus Pandemic?

By Fact CheckNo Comments

VERDICT: False

CLAIM: As Nigeria steps up its efforts in preventing the outbreak of Coronavirus (COVID-19) from spreading in Nigeria, the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) is also countering a growing epidemic of false information around the virus.
The latest rumour making the rounds on social media is that a 2018 TV show from South Korea predicted the COVID-19 global pandemic. 
A scene on the clip (https://twitter.com/harbhajan_singh/status/1243184302336012292) shared on the microblogging site, Twitter, talks about coronavirus causing a global pandemic, without any cure or vaccine.


While the show mentions a coronavirus, CDD fact-checks showed that the coronaviruses are not a new thing. The first coronavirus was identified many decades ago in the 1960s. 
Therefore, beyond mentioning coronavirus, are there any similarities between the show and the current reality? The fact is no. 
The show uses a fictional coronavirus, with a mortality rate of 90 per cent, which is far deadlier than COVID-19. 


The statistics for COVID-19 vary by country, but the global average mortality rate hovers at around 4.5 per cent – a figure widely different from what was depicted on the show.
Some social media commenters have said that the TV show has only able to predict the infection rates. That is also not true. 


CDD’s check revealed that the show uses an exponential growth rate, and all exponential growth rates look very similar.

 
CONCLUSION: The show did not predict the current coronavirus pandemic. Coronaviruses existed long before the show and will continue to exist after the show with probably, different strains of the virus.

COVID-19: Atiku is not Giving Nigerians N10K Weekly to Stay at Home

By Fact CheckNo Comments

CLAIM:

On Thursday, April 2, 2020, Fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) received several copies of a WhatsApp message for verification on our Fact-Checking WhatsApp platform.

The viral broadcast message called on members of the public to apply for N10,000 weekly allowance from a former vice-president of Nigeria, Atiku Abubakar.

According to the message the gift from Atiku would serve as an incentive for Nigerians to stay at home during the Coronavirus lockdown period across the country.

A link provided in the message requested that applicants provide their data and bank details for the money to be processed by the Atiku Foundation, used as part of the domain name.

THE FACT

Like similar message alleged to have originated from the Federal Government of Nigeria debunked by CDD, checks by our team of fact-checkers revealed that this also is a SCAM.

CDD checks showed that after filling the form, applicants are asked to share the message with 10 of their WhatsApp contacts to complete the application process, a well-known method used by scammers over the years.

Data usually gathered from such sites are used by the criminally minded elements to either impersonate the victim whose data they have stored from the sites, defraud them, or sell their data on “black market” to other scammers. This may cause great havoc on the socio-economic wellbeing of victims.

In most instances, they reach out to their victims using the phone numbers and emails stored on the site to get other details such as account numbers and credit card pins.

Warning the public against falling victims to the scam, a statement released on Wednesday, April 1, 2020, by Paul Ibe, the media adviser to Atiku on Twitter described the claim as fake.

Ibe through his handle, @omonlakiki said: “I wish to bring to the attention of Nigerians that the notice circulating on social media directing unsuspecting people to a link is FAKE and not connected to the former Vice President @atiku. For the avoidance of doubt, it is a SCAM.’’

CONCLUSION

The former vice-president Atiku Abubakar has not promised to share N10,000 weekly to Nigerians to #StayAtHome. It is a SCAM. Please do not click on the link and do not share.

The National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA) in a warning to Nigerians said: ‘’While #StayAtHome, do not fall for a scam. This is a phishing site, criminals want to get your personal information/details to defraud you financially.’’

Does Frequent Use of Hand Sanitizer Cause Trypophobia?

By Fact CheckNo Comments

Verdict: False.

Claim: A claim on WhatsApp has warned that the frequent use of hand sanitizers could cause ‘Trypophobia’ skin disease.

Trypophobia defined as fear for patterns of clustered holes and bumps. Although this particular phobia has been described as an online hoax, expert opinions suggest that there is usually phobic reactions when some individuals sight people who have smallpox or chickenpox.

Subsequently, the claim warned the general public against the use of hand sanitizers which have already been approved by health experts and various government agencies for the prevention of the spread of several diseases.

The 35 seconds audio message suggests that, rather than serve as a preventive measure against Coronavirus, hand sanitizers were introduced by the United States of America and other countries to wipe away the Africans.

FACT: The Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) fact-checkers investigated the claim and established that the audio is purely anonymous as the speaker failed to introduce himself, who he represents or give any justification for the false claim.

Further investigations revealed that there is also no medical or scientific proof of substantiating the claim.

Also, as at today, the use of hand sanitizers has strongly been recommended by medical experts and authorities as a preventive measure against Coronavirus.

We observed that the audio was aimed at raising mischievous suspicions on the user of hand sanitizer and by extension stop people from being prevented from some organisms.

Conclusion:
The claim that the use of hand sanitizers causes trypophobia is FALSE! CDD urges Nigerians to disregard the claim and stop sharing the audio on all platforms. The public should also continue to use hand sanitizer and other preventive measures against diseases as suggested by NCDC, WHO among others.
#StopFakeNews

COVID-19: Yes, message calling for reports on human rights abuse by security officials from NHRC

By Fact CheckNo Comments

VERDICT: TRUE

CLAIM: The Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) Fact-checkers are in possession of an e-banner containing phone numbers for the public to report human right violations by security operatives during the Coronavirus (COVID-19) lockdown across Nigeria. The banner, which was designed by Visual Data for the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), has however caused controversy between the Commission and some security agencies. On Thursday, April 2, 2020, the Nigerian Army through its twitter handle, @HQNigerianArmy, warned the public against the use of information on the banner. In its tweet, the Nigerian Army posted a collage of two e-banners purportedly from the NHRC, marking them as fake.

FACT: Checks by the CDD fact-checkers show that the message on the banner is an authentic content from the NHRC. Also, further verifications revealed that the NHRC has widely circulated the content of the banner produced by Visual Data. A check on the NHRC official twitter handle shows that on April 1, 2020, the commission tweeted similar contacts which are also on the e-banner.

The tweet by NHRC read: ‘’COVID19: NHRC directs staff and members of the public to report all cases of human rights violations by law enforcement agencies to the police and NHRC designated nos.08037875427, 08179371339, 08034354537,07033398657. FCT CP 08033027731, Lagos CP 08033438179, Ogun CP 08033438900 ‘’ To further verify the claim, CDD reached out to officials of the NHRC who confirmed that the message on the banner is genuine. However, the NHRC officials said the only snag is that there is a duplication of contact numbers of commissioners of Police for Lagos and Ogun states. The NHRC further encouraged citizens not relent in reporting issues of human violations security operatives.

CONCLUSION: The claim that the NHRC released a message asking members of the public to report violations of their human rights by government security officials is true. Members of the public are therefore encouraged not to relent in sending reports to the numbers and disregard other contrary information. #StaySafe #StayAtHome #StopTheSpread #StopFakeNews

Can camel's urine, lime cure Coronavirus?

By Fact CheckNo Comments

Verdict: False

Claim: A post on Facebook on Tuesday, March 30, 2020, suggests that a blend of camel’s urine and lime can cure the deadly Coronavirus (COVID-19) disease.

A post on Facebook on Tuesday, March 30, 2020, suggests that a blend of came’s urine and lime can cure the deadly Coronavirus (COVID-19) disease.

The post which was published in Hausa urged Nigerians to take a mixture of lime and camel’s urine to treat all cases and suspected cases of COVID-19.
Fact:  The Centre for  Democracy and Development (CDD) fact-checkers studied the claim and found out that the alleged recipe for COVID-19 treatment is untrue.

CDD fact-checks showed that no medical or scientific tests have shown that camel’s urine can cure any human disease.

The checks also revealed that not even a combination of the animal’s urine and lime has been scientifically proven to cure COVID-19.

Also, the World Health Organisation (WHO) in several instances has warned that there is currently no known cure for the COVID-19 disease which has continued to ravage the world.

The international organisation also admonished the general public to be cautious of what they read or consume in an attempt to prevent or cure the disease.

Also, the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control in an advisory called on all Nigerians to report suspected cases of Coronavirus to the centre which has COVID-19 testing centres across the six geopolitical zones in Nigeria.

Warning against self-medication in any suspected case of COVID-19, the NCDC called for self-isolation, social distancing and staying at home to prevent the spread of the virus.

Conclusion: Camel’s urine and lime don’t cure Coronavirus as
such people should disregard the claim and use only preventive measures suggested by health authorities and experts.

#StopFakeNews #COVID19Update #Covid19Nigeria

Shin Aisha Buhari Ta Bada Umarnin Kona Ofishin Abba Kyari?

By Fact CheckNo Comments

Gaskiyar Magana: Labari Ne Na Bogi!

Wani bidiyo mai tsawon minti hudu da dakika goma sha bakwai (4:17) da wata kafa mai suna Gido24TV dake dandalin YouTube  wanda yanzu haka ake yaduwa a WhatsApp ta wallafa ya bayyana cewa Uwargidan Shugaba Buhari, wato Aisha Buhari ta bada umarnin nan take cewa a kona ofishin shugaban ma’aikatan dake aiki a karkashin Shugaba Buhari wato Abba Kyari.

Kamar yadda wannan bidiyo da aka wallafa ranar 26 ga Maris, 2020 ya fada, umarnin ya biyo bayan gane cewa Abba Kyarin yana dauke da Cutar COVID-19 bayan da akayi masa gwaji. Bidiyon ya kara da cewa Aisha Buhari tace Abba Kyari yaje ofishin sa bayan dawowarsa daga kasar waje kuma duk abubuwan da ya bata sun harbu da Cutar COVID-19 dan haka dole a kona komai dake cikin ofis din dan akare mutane daga kamuwa da wannan cutar.

Wannan zance marar tushe har wayau kara da cewa Uwargida Aisha tace tunda kasashen duk suna ta kokarin kawar cutar kuma kawo yanzu babu maganin ta, dole ne a kona ofishin Abba Kyarin.

Binciken CCD

Masu tantance gaskiya ko rashin gaskiyar labari na Cibiyar Bunkasa Demokaradiyya Da Cigaba wato CDD sun gudanar da bincike mai zurfi kuma sun gano cewa wannan kageggen labara ne. Masu binciken sun gano cewa acikin wannan bidiyo mai tsawon minti  hudu (4) da dakika goma sha bakwai (17) babu inda aka zayyana cewa Aisha Buharin ta bada wannan umarnin ballantana rana ko lokacin da ta tayi wannan bayani.

Har wayau binciken ya gano cewa anyita anfani da hotunan Aisha Buhari da Zahra Buhari da Abba Kyari da tsohuwar ministan kudi Kemi Adeosun da hoton wuta yayin ake gabatar rahotan da ba’a ganin wanda yake gabatar dashi. Acikin wannan kageggen labari, mai gabatarwa tun da farko yayi alkawarin nunawa mai kallo yadda kona ofishin Abba Kyarin ya kasance amma har inda bidiyon ya kare ba’aga hakan ba. Kawo yanzu ankalli wannan bidiyo sau dubu shida da dari biyar kawo ranar 30th ga watan Maris, 2020 da misalin karfe 11:15 na dare, wannan yana nufin yawan masu kallon wannan labari na karya zai cigaba da karuwa.

Afili yake cewa wanda suka gina wannan labari na karya suna da aniyar samun riba ta hanyar karfafawa mutane gwiwa su cigaba da kallon wannan dandali nasu dan kuwa manhajar YouTube tana biyan kudi gare su a duk lokacin da aka kalli bidiyon, saboda haka masu kallo suna karuwa su kuma masu wannan labari na karya suna kara samun kudi.

Kammalawa:

Wannan labari, labari ne na bogi saboda haka CDD tana jan hankalin yan Najeriya da suyi watsi dashi tare da dena kallon sa dama kara yadashi a sauran kafafan sada zumunta zamani. Har wayau CDD tana kara jan hankali cewa a dena kirkira dama yada labaran karya.

Tantancewar Mu: Labari Ne Maras Tushe

#AdenaYadaLabaranKarya

Did President Muhammadu Buhari Sack his Chief of Staff Abba Kyari?

By Fact CheckNo Comments

VERDICT: FALSE

CLAIM: On March 31, 2020, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development spotted a WhatsApp broadcast message which has gone viral in Northern region of Nigeria with the claim that President Muhammadu Buhari had sacked his Chief of Staff, Abba Kyari.

The message forwarded to many Nigerians said the president had replaced Kyari with Abiola Ajimobi, a former governor of Oyo State.

The WhatsApp message said a statement was released by the Secretary to the Government of the Federation, Boss Mustapha, on Moday, March 31, 2020, in Abuja.

The message read in part: “The termination of the appointment of Abba Kyari took immediate effect. And the President has appointed Ajimobi as New COS” The President ordered Abba Kyari to step down as Chief of Staff due to his health challenge.’’

FACT: Abba Kyari went into self-Isolation after testing positive to Coronavirus (COVID-19).

The Presidency said the news that Kyari has been sacked is false and should be disregarded.  A post on twitter by Bashir Ahmad, one of the President’s Assistants on new media reads: ‘’Yet another fake news started trending on some WhatsApp groups that ‘President @MBuhari sacked Mallam Abba Kyari and replaced him with former Gov. Abiola Ajimobi’, disregard and dishonour it, entirely untrue!’’

A simple search on google shows no credible news outlet has carried the news. Also, as against the tradition, there is no formal communication in the public space by the Office of Secretary to the Federal Government as claimed by the WhatsApp broadcast on the sack of the President’s Chief of Staff.

On March 29, 2020, President Buhari announced the total lockdown of the nation’s capital Abuja and Lagos and Ogun states to help curb the spread of the Coronavirus.

This, the Presidency said, was in the exercise of the powers conferred on him by Sections 2, 3 and 4 of the Quarantine Act (CAP Q2 LFN 2004) & all other powers enabling him in that behalf.

CONCLUSION

The claim that President Muhammadu Buhari has terminated the appointment of Mr Abba Kyari as Chief Of Staff (COS) due to his health challenge on the coronavirus is FALSE.

CDD and the National Orientation Agency (NOA) is urging members of the public to disregard the message.

Coronavirus: Aisha Buhari Never Ordered Burning of Abba Kyari’s Office

By Fact CheckNo Comments

Verdict: False

CLAIM:A 4:17 minutes video released in Hausa by Gido24 TV on YouTube claims that the First Lady of Nigeria, Aisha Buhari, has ordered the burning the office of the president’s chief of state, Abba Kyari.

The video widely shared on WhatsApp with over 6,500 views as at 11.15 pm March 30, 2020, claimed the first lady gave the directive to prevent the spread of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) which Kyari tested positive to.

The video – a background narration – which failed to show anyone’s face nor the person speaking was published on March 26, 2020, by the channel claimed that after coming back from Germany, Kyari was in his office where he had touched many things.

It was further stated in the video that the directive by Aisha would help prevent the spread of the deadly virus to others within the office and the Presidential Villa at large.

Continuing in the video, the speaker said Aisha’s directive also said that the office must be burnt with immediate effect as this is a disease that has no cure and countries all over the world are struggling to contain it. 

The video ended requesting opinions of Nigerians on the first lady’s decision. 

FACT:

An investigation launched by the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) fact-checkers found that no source was linked to the story.

Fact-checks also revealed that location and time the first lady gave the directive was not specified and that the video was purely an audio narration with use of pictures of Aisha Buhari, Zahra Buhari, Abba Kyari, Kemi Adeosun and fire image. 

Also, a few seconds after it started, the video promised viewers that it will show the office was burnt but it never did while strongly encouraging viewers to subscribe to the Youtube channel. 

CDD fact-checkers observed that the channel used the false story to generate viewership for monetary gains from the video channel.

Conclusion: The claim is FALSE! CDD urges Nigerians to disregard the claim and stop viewing or sharing on all platforms.

Shin Turiri Dake Fitowa Bayan An Dafa Lemon Tsami da Uda da Uziza Yana Maganin Cutar Coronavirus?

By Fact CheckNo Comments

Gaskiyar Magana: Hakan Bai Tabbata Ba.

Ga abinda wani bangare na wata jita-jita da ake yadawa yake cewa: Kanwar surukar wata mata mai suna Nwunye mai’aikaciyar jinya ne a Birnin New York dake kasar Amurka kuma ta kamu da cutar COVID19. A lokacin da take jiran sakamakon gwajin da akayi mata na cutar sai mijinta da ya’yanta suka dauki cutar Coronavirus din daga wajenta. Saboda rashin gado a asibiti, sai akayi jinyar ta a gida. Mijinta ya dafa Uda, Uziza, Lemon Tsami da kuma Citta ya rufe su acikin tawul sai ya bata ta shaki turirin. Yanzu zance da akeyi duk sun warke daga cutar Coronavirus. Toh, sai ku sayi Uda da Uziza da Lemon Tsami da Citta ku ajiye a gida saboda suna maganin cutar Coronavirus”.

Wannan sako an yada shi sosai a tsakanin yan Najeriya musamman wanda suke yankin Kudu Maso Gabas (yan kabilar Igbo) ta manhajar WhatsApp.

Gaskiyar Magana:

A lokutan da ake fama da annobar da ta shafi lafiya a duniya kamar irin wanda a fuskanta yanzu, saboda fargaba da mutane suke ciki, mutane kanyi yunkurin samarwa kansu magani da kansu ta hanyar anfani da tunaninsu saboda tsirar da rayuwar su.

Kodayake yan Najeriya musamman yan kabilar Igbo suna ganin cewa wannan hanyace ta warkar da cututtuka, har yanzu sahihin bincike bai kai ga gano cewa wannan hanya tana maganin cutar Coronavirus ba.

A al’adar Igbo, bin wannan hanya ta anfanin da Uda da Uziza kamar yadda wannan jita-jita ta zayyana anyi ittifakin cewa yana maganin cututtuka da yawa da matsalolin rashin lafiya da suka lafiyar mai jego post-natal care.

Magungunan bature da yawa sun samo asali ne daga tsirrai, magungunan da suka shafi kunburin ciki, nunfashi, zazzabi, kwayoyin cuta da dai sauransu.

Masu bincike a bangaren lafiya sun bayyana cewa bawon itatuwa musamman na kayan marmari kamar su lemo, lemon tsami da dangoginsu suna taka rawa wajen warware wassu matsalolin da suka shafi lafiya, amma bincike bai-kai ga tabbatar da ingancinsu wajen maganin cututtuka masu yaduwa ba, hakanan binciken bai gano cewa zasu iya maganin cutar COVID-19 ba.

Coronavirus sabuwar cuta ce a duniya baki daya kuma ana cigaba da zurfafa bincike dan gano hanyoyin yimata rigakafi da maganinta baki daya. Hukumar magance cututtuka masu yaduwa ta Najeriya wato Nigerian Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) dama hukumar lafiya ta duniya wato World Health Organization (WHO) basu ayyana wani magani ba da za’ace yana warkar da cutar Coronavirus har yanzu. Abinda kawai akeyi shine, wadanda aka samu da cutar ana killace su tare da basu kulawa a likitance a wassu wurare da aka tanadi kayayyakin aiki na musamman dan ririta cutar har lokacin da kaifi ko zagayen rayuwar ita cutar zai kare, ana hakan ne dan kare mai dauke da cutar daga illar da zata iya haifar masa.

Kamar yadda Mr. Martins Ekor, wani kwararre kuma masanin kimiyya sarrafa magani ya bayyana, ba gaskiya bane cewa magungunan gargajiya basu da illa ga lafiya, ya kara da cewa, akwai rudani mutane acikin wannan zance.

Mr. Ekor ya gayawa jaridarthe Tribune cewa “magungunan gargajiya suna haifar da illolin rashin lafiya da suke kara zama barazana ga lafiyar mutane wanda a wassu lokutan ma suna samar da rashin lafiya na din-din-din, ko masu barazana ga rayuwar ma dama wanda suke kisa”

Kawo lokacin hada wannan rahoto, Najeriya ta kara samun billar cutar Coroanvirus guda goma sha hudu (14) wannan shine ya daga yawan wanda suke dauke da kwayar cutar a Najeriya zuwa sittin da biyar, wannan shine yanayin da ake ciki kawo ranar Alhamis  26 ga Maris, 2020 da misalign karfe 8:35pm

Kamar yadda hukumar hana yaduwar cututtuka  NCDC ta bayyana, an samu billar cutar guda goma sha biyu (12) a jihar Lagos sannan guda (2) a Birnin Tarayya Abuja (FCT).

Acikin billar cutar guda goma sha hudu (14), shida (6) daga ciki an gano su ne daga jirgi, uku (3) matafiya ne da suka dawo, daya (1) kuma yayi alaka ta kusa ne da wani mai dauke da cutar.

Karkarewa

Jita-jitar da ake yadawa cewa in aka hada Lemon Tsami, Citta da Uda da Uziza aka dafa sannan aka shaki tururin zaiyi maganin cutar Coronavirus zance ne marar tushe dan binciken masana a fannin lafiya bai gano hakan ba. Hukumar hana yaduwar cututtuka ta Najeriya NCDC da hukumar lafiya ta duniya WHO sun gargadi mutane dasu guji magani da kansu ko hanyar shan kwayoyi ko tan hanyar yin anfani da maganin gargajiya saboda hakan na iya zama babbar barazana ga lafiyar mutum koma yakai ga

 salwantar rai baki daya. Tantancewar Mu: Labari Ne Maras Tushe #AdenaYadaLabaranKarya

Shin Da Gaske Ne Gwamnatin Najeriya Ta Shirya Biyan Kowane Dan Najeriya Alawus Din N8500 A Duk Sati?

By Fact CheckNo Comments

Gaskiyar Magana: Karya Ne!

Tushen Maganar:

Wani sako dake cigaba da yaduwa a WhatsApp da Twitter yayi ikirarin cewa gwamnatin tarayya zata baiwa kowane dan Najeriya Naira Dubu Takwas Da Dari Biyar N8500 a kowane mako da nufi tallafin masa a lokacin da yan Najeriya cigaba bin umarnin zama a gida da magance Cutar Coronavirus.

Sakon ya bayyana cewa za’a fara bada wannan tallafi ga Yan Najeriya daga ranar Litinin 23 ga Watan Maris din 2020.

Sakon yana da kamanni da irin sakonnin daya yan danfara ke turawa mutane da bukatar su bada kudi dan sama musu wata dama ko aiki.

Sahihiyar Magana:

Ba tare da bata lokaci ba, masu tantance gaskiya da rashin gaskiyar labari na Cibiyar Bunkasa Demokaradiyya Da Cigaba wato (CDD) suka bi shafin yanar gizon da akayi ikirarin cewa shafi ne da aka samar dashi dan samun tallafin gwamnatin tarayya akan cutar Coronavirus.

Har wayau wannan sako ya bukaci mutane dasu gabatar da bayyanan su ta hanyar yanar gizo kamar suna, adireshi, lambar waya, imel, lambar asusun ajiya na banki dan samun tallafin N8500 din. Bayan bada wadannan bayanai, sai wannan shafi na yanar gizo yakai mutum ga mataki na gabainda za’a bukaci mutum ya dora hoton sa. A yayinda mutum yake cika wannan fom din kafin matakin karshe za’a bukaci mutum ya sanar da akalla wassu mutane goma game da tallafin, wannan kuma wata alama ce a fili cewa ana bukatar wannan sakon marar tushe yakai ga mutane da yawa, kuma manufar haka shine tattara muhimman bayanan mutane.

CDD ta gano cewa duk ma’aikatun gwamnatin tarrayya suna da shafin yanar gizo wanda yake dauke da alamar cewa na  gwamnati ne kuma karshen su yakan dauki kalmomi kamar .gov.ng ko kuma  .gov amma shi wannan shafi baya dauke da daya daga cikin wadannan alamu da muka lissafa, hasali ma muhallinsa wani takaitattacen zaure ne da ake kira blogspot a turance, kuma shi wannan dandali Kanfanin Google ne yake samar dashi kyauta. Wannan yana nufin cewa kowa na iya bude irin wannan shafi ya kuma iya jefa bayanan mutane masu muhimmanci cikin hadari.

Coronavirus: Is Nigerian government planning to pay citizens N8,500 per week?

By Fact CheckNo Comments

Verdict: False

CLAIM: 

A viral message being shared among Nigerians on WhatsApp and Twitter claims that the Federal Government is set to pay citizens N8,500 per week to sustain the stay at home directive for the containment of the Coronavirus outbreak in Nigeria.

The said message claimed that the grant will be made available to all Nigerians from Monday, March 23, 2020.

This message is very similar to scam messages that seek to lure Nigerians into sending a certain amount of money in exchange for some kind of opportunity.

FACT: 

In a swift investigation, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD followed the link shared by the purveyors of the claim.

The link lead leads to a page titled, ‘COVID-19 FEDERAL GOVERNMENT GRANTS’, a website which has a badge as can be seen below.

Also, users are led to a page where they provide their names, addresses, telephone numbers, email address and bank details for a supposed payment of the grant. 

After filling in those details, you are taken to step two, which is pictured below:

The final page requests that the user shares the link with at least 10 groups before going to the final step – a clear strategy to spread the message as widely as possible to ensnare unsuspecting Nigerians into parting with sensitive information.

CDD gathered that all Federal Government programs are hosted on government domains, which means that the website will usually end in ‘.gov.ng’ or ‘.gov’; this website is hosted on Blogspot, which is Google’s free hosting platform. This means that this portal could be opened by anybody and potentially put users at risk of losing private information or worse.

Conclusion: The claims in this message are FALSE! The CDD urges users to be wary of messages such as this; always make sure that it is an official domain name before providing confidential and private sensitive information.

COVID-19: The dual threat of a virus and a fake news epidemic – Idayat Hassan

By Blog, Fact ChecksNo Comments

The global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is happening at a time when sorting facts from fiction has become an increasingly difficult task. In Nigeria, the tsunami of misinformation and disinformation which has accompanied it is provoking fear and exploiting vulnerabilities. Many Nigerians simply refuse to believe its existence. This has opened the door for misinformation and disinformation to thrive.

Health misinformation is nothing new to Nigeria. At the height of the Ebola epidemic in 2014, false news, such as advice, allegedly from the Atta of Igala, a chiefdom in Kogi state, as to how bathing in and ingesting saltwater could prevent the disease from spreading, swirled around the country. This health misinformation consumed at least two victims, while Ebola recorded eight casualties in Nigeria. This pattern of direct disease victims, and those who are victims of ‘the fake news virus’, has already emerged during the COVID-19 outbreak. After rumours, publicly endorsed by US President Donald Trump, emerged that chloroquine could treat the virus, health officials in Lagos reported three cases of individuals being hospitalised are overdosing on the drug. A fear of the unknown and the deluge of information out in the digital space has made Nigerians vulnerable to the fake news rumour mill.  It is not that Nigerians are gullible or will believe any falsehood. Instead, the way information is received should be understood in local contexts, where there is high reverence for miracle healing, a dilapidated health care system and weak communications between the government and the governed. We would liken this to politically motivated reportage which undermines the accountability of institutions like the media, as was highlighted in the SOAS-ACE paper on corruption reporting during Nigerian elections. Similarly fake news in the time of the most urgent health emergency facing Nigeria undermine the work of the dedicated health sector professionals working so hard to combat the crisis.

However, disinformation and misinformation were not as sophisticated in 2014 during the Ebola outbreak as it is now. Nor was the reach, volume and spread of information as widespread: in early 2015 Nigeria had 76 million internet subscribers according to the Nigeria Communications Commission (NCC). By 2019 that figure stood at 122 million, an increase of 46 million. The Nigerian Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) is not just fighting COVID-19 but also fake news, further distracting an already burdened institution. The Centre for Democracy and Development review of the information ecosystem since the first confirmed case of COVID-19 virus in Nigeria suggests that purveyors of fake news have sought to incite panic and panic buying, proffer fake cures, undermine medical advice, promote hate speech against non-Africans, particularly individuals of Chinese origin, and promote polarisation along political lines.

Who are these fake news purveyors?
Social media activists, influencers and self-styled warriors are using their social media platforms and fringe websites to proliferate misinformation, propagate conspiracy theories and promote the denial of the COVID-19 virus. Sometimes their motivation is simply to grow their online followership. For instance, a controversial blogger, Kemi Olunloyo tweeted that President Buhari was sick with a persistent cough and that a makeshift ICU had been set up to treat him. Just a few hours after being published, the tweet had been liked 3,300 times and retweeted more than 2,000 times.

A COVID-19 ‘expert’ industry is all of a sudden booming sector, adding to the misinformation landscape in Nigeria. For instance, an audio clip emerged on WhatsApp on 23 March of an alleged World Health Organization (WHO) expert who claimed to have taken a unique course on COVID-19. In the audio he predicted that at least 45 million Nigerians would die during the pandemic. The audio provoked so much attention that the NCDC issued a rebuttal. Other so-called experts have proffered cures such as constant sex, sitting in the sun or that African blood is immune to the virus. All of which have no medical basis.

There are also political ideologies, whose aim since the start of the pandemic has been to shape and influence public opinion along partisan lines. Supporters of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) have sought to curate a narrative that stresses how much better its government handled the Ebola crisis, than how Buhari has dealt with COVID-19 so far. The recent confirmation that Abba Kyari, the president’s chief of staff, has tested positive gave the PDP new ammunition to politicise a flawed response, with rumours circulating that all ventilators had been moved from the isolation centre in Abuja to Aso Rock,State House for Kyari’s personal use. All Progressive Congress (APC) supporters have focused more on the irresponsible action of individuals associated with opposing political parties. Confirmation, from PDP flagbearer in the 2019 election Atiku Abubakar, that his son had contracted the virus was followed by fake photos and videos emerging of his son dancing in clubs, ignoring government isolation advice.

How does it spread?

The platforms used to share COVID-19 misinformation vary across geopolitical zones and demographics in Nigeria. Facebook and WhatsApp continue to be the most popular messaging platforms, whilst Twitter, Instagram and traditional media play complementary roles. There is cross-posting across all platforms. WhatsApp in particular, is a common conduit, as it allows for the circulation of different types of media – audios videos, text messages and links to blogs and other platforms. For audio in languages like Hausa, listeners do not necessarily have to be literate to understand.

Trust also plays a massive role in whether messages are believed. Content is more likely to resonate when it comes from religious leaders, friends, family or other trusted authority figures. President Trump’s comment about the “very, very encouraging early results of chloroquine to treat Coronavirus” were more widespread and believed that the subsequent clarification and dismissal offered by the US Food and Drug Administration. The credibility of the information was, in part, linked to the fact it came from President Trump who, according to a poll by Pew Research Centre, 58% of Nigerians believe “will do the right thing regarding world affairs”.

Containing COVID-19 misinformation

To rapidly and effectively counter disinformation and misinformation the Nigerian government must engage in a sustained two-way communication with her citizens. They must consistently and transparently provide information that responds to citizens concerns.A quick review of the NCDC official Twitter handle, for example, shows in few instances, questions and clarifications being raised by individuals have not been directly responded to. Civil society can also be leveraged by government agencies like the National Orientation Agency to ensure that correct information is shared widely in the public domain and that false news is quickly countered. There is a need to do more to counter the scourge of the second pandemic of false news, which is contributing to making the COVID-19 pandemic more challenging to handle.

Idayat Hassan is director of the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD).

Can Steam From Boiled Uda, Uziza, Lime Cure Coronavirus?

By Fact CheckNo Comments

VERDICT: Unproven

CLAIM: A WhatsApp broadcast message (likely from a Nigerian who lives in the United States) has been circulating in Nigeria with the claim that steam from boiled Uda (Negro Pepper), Uziza (Benja Black Pepper), Lime and ginger can cure Coronavirus.

Part of the message reads, Nwunye dim’s (my sister-in-law’s) younger sister is a nurse in New York City and she contracted COVID-19. While she was waiting for her test result, she gave the virus to her husband and kids. Because hospital bed wasn’t available, she had to be treated at home. Her husband boiled Uda, Uziza, Lime and ginger, covered her with a towel and she inhaled the steam. Right now, they are all coronavirus free. 🙏🏼🙏🏼🙏🏼buy Uda, Uziza, Lime and ginger and keep in the house just in case because it work’’.

The message has been shared among Nigerians on WhatsApp targeting those from South Eastern part of the country.

THE FACT

In times of an epidemic such as the current global health battle the world is facing, people out of anxiety and fear can easily result to self-medication as their human instinct for survival is activated.

While this steam therapy is rumoured among Nigerians, especially from Igbo speaking areas, to have various curative effect, it has not been scientifically proven that it can cure Coronavirus.

In traditional Igbo culture, the use of such combinations that include Uda and Uziza as outlined in the message is believed to treat various forms of ailments and conditions including post-natal care.

Also, a wide range of pharmacological properties have been linked to various members of the citrus species, ranging from antimicrobial, antifungal, anti-typhoid, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiulcer and hypo-lipidemic.

The peels of the citrus fruits, especially grapefruit, lime and lemon which researchers say are rich in flavonoid glycosides, polyphenols and volatile oils have been used in several cultures for weight control, amongst other pharmacological uses. However, there is no research to show that it is anti-viral and if it is effective against COVID-19.

Coronavirus is a new virus and research is ongoing across the globe to determine how best to prevent, cure and even get people vaccinated against the virus. The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) and World Health Organisation has maintained that there is no approved single drug or therapy that cures the disease yet. At best, confirmed cases of those who show symptoms are managed in medical facilities until the virus life span is elapsed without causing damage to the host.

According to Mr Martins Ekor, a Nigerian pharmacologist, the general perception that herbal remedies or drugs are very safe and devoid of adverse effects is not only untrue, but also misleading.

Ekor told the Tribune that: “Herbs have been shown to be capable of producing a wide range of undesirable or adverse reactions some of which are capable of causing serious injuries, life-threatening conditions, and even death.’’

As the time of writing this report, Nigeria confirmed 14 new cases of COVID-19, bringing the total number of people who have been tested with the virus to 65, as at 8.35 pm on Thursday, March 26, 2020.

According to the NCDC, 12 cases were in Lagos state while the remaining two were discovered in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT).

Out of the 14 cases, six were detected on a vessel, three were said to be returning travellers and one had a close contact with a confirmed case.

CONCLUSION

The claim that a combination of boiled Uda, Uziza, Lime and ginger can cure Coronavirus has not been scientifically proven. The WHO and the NCDC have advised against self-medication; whether through the use of drugs or herbs as such use may compound a patient’s medical history or lead to life-threatening conditions and even death.

Farfesa Haruna Nggada Bai Shawarci Yan Najeriya Dasu Sha Ruwan Zafi ko Su Shiga Rana Ba Dan Maganin Cutar Coronavirus.

By Fact CheckNo Comments

Gaskiyar Magana: Jita-Jitar Da Take Yawo Musamman Kafafen Zamunta Na Zamani Irinsu Facebook, Twitter Dama WhatsApp Cewa Farfesa Haruna Nggada Na Jami’ar Maiduguri Ya Bada Hanyoyi Bakwai Na Samun Garkuwa Daga Cutar Coronavirus Karya Ne!

Farfesa Harunan Ya Shaidawa CDD Cewa Karya Ne Akayi Masa Kuma Baisan Wanda Ya Wallafa Wannan Magana Ba. Dan Haka Cibiyar Bunkasa Demokaradiyya da Cigaba Wato CDD Tana Kira Ga Jama’a Da Suyi Watsi Da Wannan Magana.

Tantancewar Mu: Labari Ne Maras Tushe

#AdainaYadaLabaranKarya

#COVID19: UNIMAID Lecturer Never advised Nigerians to Drink Hot Water, Stay Under the Sun

By Fact CheckNo Comments

VERDICT: FALSE

On March 26, 2020, fact checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted a message shared on WhatsApp and other online platforms claiming that a lecturer at the University of Maiduguri (UNMAID) had urged Nigerians to drink hot water and stay under the sun in order to avoid being infected with Coronavirus (COVID-19).

The widely circulated message credited to Haruna Ngadda, a Professor of Histopathology at the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, contains claims on the size of the virus, how long it can survive on surfaces among many others.

THE FACT: A review of the WhatsApp broadcast message shows part of the claim comes from an earlier claim purported to be recommendations from UNICEF.

The message also claims ‘’drinking hot water and sun exposure will do the trick. And staying away from ice cream is important.’’

The purported advisory was also shared widely among WhatsApp users with similar claim, as seen in the screenshot below:

The earlier claims credited to UNICEF was fact checked by the CDD and can be read here CDD Fact Check.

Among the claims is one that, Coronavirus does not survive in hot area, a claim already debunked by the World Health Organization.

The WhO had warned that Coronavirus can survive in all climate. For instance, Singapore and Iran both have warm/hot climates but are parts of the world where the virus is spreading rapidly.

This addition, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control in its Frequently Asked Questions said the claim is yet to be proven scientifically.

CDD fact checks revealed that there is no evidence that drinking hot water or staying away from ice cream can ‘do the trick’ {prevent the virus}.

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control told CDD Fact Checkers it yet to be proven that drinking hot water or any other liquid can prevent the virus.

CDD Fact checkers spoke with Professor Haruna Nggada who denied ever sending out the advisory. ‘’ please the public should disregard the message as it a scam. Some individuals used my name to propagate the falsehood’’

CONCLUSION

The claim that Professor Haruna Ndagga of the University of Maiduguri sent out health advisory on COVID-19 which claim that ’drinking hot water and sun exposure will kill the virus is False.

CDD advises the public to disregard the message.