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FACT CHECK: Has William Ruto Won Kenyan Presidential Election?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: William Ruto has won the Kenyan Presidential Election.

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: A viral tweet in the early hours of Wednesday, declared a candidate in the 2022 Kenyan Presidential election, Dr. Williams Ruto, as the winner of the keenly contested poll.

The tweet read, “By all the powers vested upon me by Africa’s revolutionary heroes, I hereby declare that based on preliminary tallies of form 34As, Dr. @WilliamsRuto has won Kenya’s Presidential election by 54.5% of all valid votes cast. The lead is insurmountable. Thank you Patriots. Viva!”

Another tweet claimed that “based on an accurate tabulation of all form 34As, @WilliamsRuto has won.” “Patriots must ensure that the NIS agents don’t intercept the physical forms and alter them. All forms must be delivered in OPEN SPACES at BOMAS, displayed and talkies TRANSPARENTLY. Not inside rooms,” the post added.

VERIFICATION: Checks by Daily Trust revealed that more than 99 per cent of results forms had been electronically submitted by polling centres to the commission on Wednesday, but it still must verify them with the physical forms.

It was observed that high-profile supporters of the two leading candidates were tweeting claims of victory, citing counts based on more than 46,000 results forms posted online by the electoral commission.

As a result, human rights groups on Wednesday warned anxious Kenyans over “rising levels of false or misleading information being shared on social media” as the country awaited the results of the presidential election.

Also, Amnesty International Kenya and other groups had in a statement, urged Kenyans to consider all results provisional until the electoral commission announces the official results to reduce the risks of violence or claims of rigging. Although official election results must be announced within a week of the vote, the electoral commission indicated it would be at least Thursday before a winner is declared.

To win the presidential race in the first round, a candidate needs more than half of all the votes cast across the country; and at least 25% of the votes cast in a minimum of 24 counties.

Evidence proves that tallying was still ongoing as of the time of this report. In a confirmation by the electoral commission chair, Wafula Chebukati, a winner will be declared soonest. Therefore, the claim that Williams Ruto has won the Kenyan Presidential election is false and should be disregarded.

WHY WE FACT CHECKED THIS: This fact check was carried out to provide facts to fake news that might reduce trust in public institutions.

FACT CHECK: Video Depicting Terrorist Attack on Zuma Checkpoint false

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

VERDICT: False

CLAIM: A video which purportedly showed terrorists attacking a military checkpoint close to Zuma Rock along the Abuja-Kaduna Expressway penultimate Thursday had gone viral.

VERIFICATION: In a bid to determine where the video was shot, a key frame analysis on an online verification tool, Invid, to know whether the already exist on the internet did not bring up any result, indicating the video is new but the scene in the video gave some clue to show it was not shot in Abuja.

The video showed the attack took place on a deserted road with scanty tress planted at its corridor while a stretch of sand can be seen dominating the land in the location, Thus, giving the impression it was shot in a desert area. This is unlike the Zuma rock axis which is populated while some areas have vegetation that can be linked to the rainy season.

Similarly, the road in the video was one lane but the Abuja-Kaduna expressway has two lanes. The timing of the video showed it was shot in day time but eyewitness accounts said the attack happened in the night around 7.30pm.

Also, the Abuja-Kaduna Expressway is a busy road that served as an artery that connects travellers from the southern part of the country to the north and despite cases of security breaches, it witnesses lots of traffic.

In the video, the terrorist had motorcycles which they later used to pursue their adversary when they gained superior firepower but for the Zuma attack, Daily Trust had reported that the attackers were seen alighting from a gulf car before shooting at the military personnel.

CONCLUSION: The video which is being circulated as the terrorists’ attack on a military checkpoint in Zuma rock axis is not true as the background in the video did not match its description.

CDD Fact Check: Does Nigeria Have About 190k Polling Units?

By Fact Check, Fact Checks, Fake NewsNo Comments

VERDICT: False

CLAIM: CDD fact checkers spotted a trending tweet by Daniel Bwala, a lawyer and until recently served as a special adviser on legal matters to the Deputy Senate President, Ovie Omo-Agege.

On August 1, 2022, Mr. Bwala claimed there are about 190,000 polling units in Nigeria. He also maintained that a minimum of three-party agents are required at the polling unit.

The tweet reads: “There are about 190k polling units in Nigeria. A party needs a minimum of 3 agents in each polling unit; 570k human beings in total. “That’s structure existing not on social media. Anyway, it will be clearer as we approach elections. Insult is not a substitute for structure”.

FACT CHECK PROCESS: CDD Fact check on the claim indicated that Daniel Bwala’s data were inaccurate. As at August 2, 2022, the tweet has garnered over 3,000 (626 retweets, 190 Quotes and 2,333 likes) engagements and still growing.

According to the Election Management Body, there are 176,846 polling units listed on the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) website. INEC, on June 16th, 2021, removed polling units from ‘inappropriate’ places and worship centers across the country. The commission’s chairman, Mahmood Yakubu, disclosed this at a meeting with Resident Electoral Commissioners (RECs) in Abuja.

At the meeting, he unveiled the locations of the newly created 56,872 Polling Units (PUs) and also announced other electoral arrangements. With the creation of the new PUs, Mr. Yakubu said, Nigeria now has 176,846 full-fledged polling units against its initial 119,974 PUs in the 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). He pegged the total number of polling units removed from ‘inappropriate places’ at 749.

Mr Bwala also claimed a party needs a minimum of three party agents in each polling units. Fact check on INEC’s pocketbook for party agents, clearly state that a political party is limited to one agent in each of polling units, as against three agents claimed by Mr. Bwala.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that there are 176,846 polling units in Nigeria and not about 190,000. Additionally, there is a limit of one agent rather than three per polling unit as claimed by Mr. Bwala.

Mr.  Bwala’s data on his tweet are wrong and therefore false.

As the country heads to 2023 general elections, there are several misleading contents online, CDD therefore urges citizens and voters to be careful of content they share, online and offline.

FACT CHECK: Are 17 security agencies headed by one section of Nigeria as claimed by Atiku?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CONTEXT: Alhaji Atiku Abubakar, the 2023 presidential candidate of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), has said if elected, his government will ensure that appointments to security agencies are fair and balanced.

Atiku also claimed that the 17 security agencies in the country are being headed by a particular section of the country under the current administration of President Muhammadu Buhari.
He made the claim during an interview with Arise Television’s Reuben Abati and Tundun Abiola on Friday.

Claim 1: Nigeria has 17 federal security agencies

Verdict: FALSE

What are security agencies?

Security agencies are government organisations that are in charge of activities that border on intelligence for the internal security of a nation, which could be either domestic or foreign.

In addition, security agencies could also be in the practice of conducting counterintelligence to thwart other countries’ foreign intelligence efforts.

They are also saddled with the responsibility of protecting the territorial integrity and sovereignty of a country.

Checks by Daily Trust show that the major security agencies in Nigeria are 10; namely, State Security Services (SSS), National Intelligence Agency (NIA), Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), the armed forces (comprising the Nigerian Army, Navy and Air force) as well as the Nigeria Police Force (NPF).

Others are the Nigeria Customs Service, Nigerian Correctional Service, Nigerian Security and Civil Defense Corps (NSCDC) and the Nigeria Immigration Service.

Consequently, Daily Trust sought the input of a security expert on why only these agencies are classified as security agencies when there are other paramilitary agencies that also carry out national security functions.

A security expert, Bello Abdulmajid, confirmed that the above-mentioned listed organisations are the basic and key security agencies in the country.

“The SSS, DIA and the NIA basically do intelligence information sharing. While the Army, Air Force and Navy ensure that the country is shielded and protected against enemies of the state.

“The Nigeria Police Force is in charge of maintaining law and order, Customs and Immigration are always at the borders to guard against smuggling of dangerous weapons as well as migration of foreigners or terrorists into the country respectively.

“Also, the Civil Defense does the work of protecting critical infrastructure and facilities of government while  Prisons Service, as it was known before, is in charge of isolating criminals from law-abiding citizens in their facilities.”

Speaking further, Abdulmajid said the number of security agencies in the country cannot be up to 17, except the former vice president mistook some law enforcement agencies and civil outfits to be part of security agencies.

He said, “I suspect Mr. Atiku had combined other agencies that share intelligence with security agencies and categorised them as security agencies

“For instance, the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA), the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) and the Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission (ICPC) are all law enforcement agencies because they share intelligence with security agencies.

“They are only law enforcement agencies and not security agencies. Many people make the mistake of categorising them as security agencies whereas they are not.”

Speaking further, the security expert said: “Most times I also hear people call the road safety corps and fire service as security agencies of government, but they are not. They are civil agencies of the government and not security agencies.

“The function of the fire service is to fight the outbreak of fire incidents in both public and private buildings and facilities, and road safety ensures that motorists maintain rules while on Nigerian roads. So where is the security function? These are just civil agencies and nothing more.

“You recall that the House of Representatives has rejected a bill proposing to arm personnel of the Federal Fire Service.

“The bill was meant to grant firefighters the power to bear arms to protect themselves from mob attacks while responding to emergencies. The lawmakers rejected the bill based on the fact that the Federal Fire Service is a civil outfit and not a security agency.

“So I think the PDP presidential candidate added security, law enforcement and civil agencies of government together to make it 17, which in the real sense is not true.”

Another security expert, Kabiru Adamu, said although some agencies like the NDLEA, ICPC and EFCC are law enforcement agencies, “they can be subsumed into security agencies in a general description.”

“Some of these law enforcement agencies are categorised as law enforcement agencies because they share intelligence with security agencies which is why, in a general description, they are subsumed and categorised as security agencies.

“However, in a distinction classification, agencies like the NDLEA and EFCC remain law enforcement agencies by nature of their constitutional mandate,” Mr Adamu told Daily Trust.

Conclusion: Following the findings by Daily Trust and expert opinion on the number of security agencies in Nigeria, the claim by Mr. Atiku Abubakar that Nigeria has 17 security agencies is false.

Claim 2: Nigeria’s 17 security agencies are all headed by one section of the country.

Verdict: False

Daily Trust checks show that although the majority of the national security agencies are headed by people from northern Nigeria, there are also those headed by southerners.

State Security Service

The State Security Service (SSS), otherwise known as the Department of State Services (DSS), is the basic domestic intelligence agency of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

The agency is primarily responsible for gathering information and intelligence within the country, especially for the protection of senior government officials, such as the president and state governors. The agency is headed by Mr. Yusuf Magaji Bichi from Kano State, North West geo-political zone.

NIA

The National Intelligence Agency (NIA) is a federal government agency responsible for overseeing foreign intelligence and counterintelligence operations.

The NIA is also one of the entities created after the National Security Organization (NSO) was dissolved and the country’s security services were being restructured.

The NIA is headed by Amb. Abubakar Ahmed Rufai, who hails from Katsina State, North West geo-political zone.

Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA)

The Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA) is the basic military intelligence agency of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The agency was established in 1986 and is responsible for providing an efficient means of obtaining military intelligence for the Nigerian Armed Forces and Ministry of Defence.

The DIA is headed by Maj. Gen. Samuel Adebayo, who is from Ekiti State, South West geo-political zone.

Armed Forces

The Armed Forces of Nigeria comprise the Nigerian Army, Navy and Air Force. The Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces is President Muhammadu Buhari. However, the coordinator of the three Armed Forces is the Chief of Defence Staff, who is General Lucky Irabor from Delta State, South South geo-political zone.

Nigerian Army

The Nigerian Army is the land division/branch of the Nigerian armed security guard services. It is the largest of the armed forces. The Chief of Army Staff is Lt. General Faruk Yahaya from Sokoto State, North West geo-political zone.

Nigerian Navy

The Nigerian Navy is the sea division/branch of the Nigerian Armed Forces. The Chief of Naval Staff is Rear Admiral Awwal Zubairu Gambo from Kano State, North West geo-political zone.

Nigerian Air Force

The Nigerian Air Force is one of the largest in Africa, consisting of about 10,000 personnel. It is responsible for aerial support for the other divisions of the armed forces. The current Chief of Air Staff is Air Marshall Oladayo Isiaka Amao from Osun State, in the South West geo-political zone.

Nigeria Police Force

The Nigeria Police Force is mandated to protect people’s lives and property; prevent, detect and investigate crime; and prosecute offenders. It is headed by the Inspector General of Police, Usman Alkali Baba, from Yobe State, in the North East geo-political zone.

The Nigeria Immigration Service

The Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS) is the federal government organisation responsible for border security and migration management in the country.

The NIS has witnessed a series of changes since it was extracted from the Nigeria Police Force in 1958.

 The service is saddled with the responsibility of issuing all Nigerian travel documents, which include the Nigerian passport. The agency is currently headed by Idris Isah Jere from Kaduna State, North Central geo-political zone.

Nigeria Customs Service

The Nigeria Customs Service is an independent customs service under the supervisory oversight of the Nigerian Ministry of Finance. It is responsible for the collection of customs revenue; facilitation of both national and international trade.

The NCS also undertakes anti-smuggling activities, which is one of its security functions. The service is currently under the leadership of retired Col. Hameed Ali () who hails from Bauchi State, North East geo-political zone.

Nigerian Correctional Service

The Nigerian Correctional Service (NCoS), formerly the Nigerian Prison Service (NPS), is a federal government agency that operates prisons.

The Comptroller General of the Correctional Service in Nigeria is Haliru Nababa from Sokoto State, North West.

Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC)

The primary function of the NSCDC is to protect lives and properties in conjunction with the Nigeria Police. Also, one of the crucial functions of the corps is the protection of pipelines from vandalism, and in rare cases, the agency is also involved in crisis resolution efforts.

 The NSCDC is currently under the leadership of Ahmed Abubakar Audi as the Commandant General. He hails from Nasarawa State, North Central.

Conclusion:  Findings by Daily Trust show that although many of the heads of security agencies are from Northern Nigeria, the claim by Mr. Atiku is false as some of them also come from the southern part of the country.

FACT CHECK: Are 40% of Osun Voters Between 18-34 years?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: 40% of Osun voters are between the ages of 18 -34.

VERDICT: TRUE

CONTEXT: On the 16th of July 2022, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted a claim which stated that almost 40% of registered voters in the Osun 2022 Gubernatorial Election are between 18-34.

VERIFICATION: Fact-checkers of CDD investigated the claim and our findings according to data provided by Kimpact Development Initiative (KDI) a non-profit organisation in Osun state records that the gender disaggregation of registered voters shows that 52.76% of registered voters is female while 47.24%.  The data shows that the youth (18- 34 years) which has the highest representation of voters is 39.7%, while the middle-aged represent 32.5%, the elderly 19.2% and the old 8.51%.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the claim about 40% of Osun Voters being between 18 -34 years is True

CDD is urging members of the public to verify from certified source before sharing any news report especially, from a random WhatsApp status

FACT CHECK: Is The INEC Result Viewing Portal (IREV) Down?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: The INEC result viewing portal (IREV) is down.

VERDICT: False.

CONTEXT: On the 16th of July 2022, fact-checkers spotted a claim on the night of election day at 10:35 pm saying “INEC Result viewing portal (IREV) is down and citizens can no longer see results being posted from the polling units.

VERIFICATION: CDD Fact checkers began investigations into this claim, and findings from our election Analysis Centre reported that the INEC result viewing portal (Irev) had been tracked since 2:30 pm when voting closed at polling units.

Analysing the Irev data, CDD fact-checkers confirmed that as of 10:35 pm, 3,3739 out of 3,763 results had been uploaded at the polling units. The portal was also reported to be fully active all through the period of tracking, without a shutdown

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the claim that INEC Result Viewing Portal (Irev) is down is False. The portal was still open as of 10:35 pm.

CDD is urging members of the public to verify from certified source before sharing any news report especially, from a random WhatsApp status

FACT CHECK: Were People not Allowed to Vote for PDP at Okerewe, ward 3 PU 14, Ife LGA?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: People are not allowed to vote for PDP at Okerewe 3, PU 14, in Ife Local Government Area.

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: CDD Fact checkers spotted a tweet by @SodiqTade and a retweet by a Nigerian artist, David Adeleke known as Davido with the claim that people were not being allowed to vote for PDP at Okerewe Ward 3, polling unit 14, Ife LGA. The tweet also claimed that people perceived to be PDP supporters were attacked.

VERIFICATION: The CDD fact-checkers in their investigation tried to verify the authenticity of the tweet by scanning the profile of the artist and that of @SodiqTade. The scan showed that the original tweet by @SodiqTade was already deleted signalling the lack of authenticity of the claim.

CONCLUSION: During CDD investigations, the fact-checkers ascertained that people were not stopped from voting for PDP at the centre indicated.

FACT CHECK: Were 13 Local Government Results Uploaded as of 7:07 pm?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: Out of 13 local government results now, APC won 3, and PDP won 10.

VERDICT: False and Misleading.

CONTEXT: CDD fact checkers spotted a trending WhatsApp story screenshot with the claim that out of 13 local government results released as of 7:07 pm, the APC won 3, while the PDP won 10.

VERIFICATION: CDD fact-checkers looked to verify the claim through monitoring of the INEC result viewing portal by the Fact Check Hub of the CDD Election Analysis Centre. Our analysis showed that only 2 local government results (Obokun and Boluwaduro) were out as of 7:30 pm on July 16th. 13 local government results were not released at the time in the post, this, therefore, makes it misleading to allocate winnings to any political party. To further authenticate the claim, the fact check team reached out to Professor Muhammed Kuna, the Technical Adviser to the INEC chairman who summarized that there are laid down procedures for the announcement of results, as polling unit results and ward results go to the local government level before they can be declared, in line with the INEC guideline for the announcement of results. At the time of placing the call at 9:50 pm, He mentioned that the LGA results cannot yet be concluded, as 70 polling unit results were not yet out and all stipulated procedures had not been finalized, further confirming the post to be misleading.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the claim is misleading. Monitoring of the INEC result viewing portal by the CDD Election Analysis Centre shows that only 2 local government results (Obokun and Boluwaduro) were out as of 7:30 pm on July 16th. 13 local government results were not released at the time in the post, this, therefore, makes it misleading to allocate winnings to any political party.

FACT CHECK: Did APC Members and Some PDP Traitors Connive With INEC to Thumbprint 100,000 Ballot Papers?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: APC members and some PDP traitors connived with INEC to thumbprint 100,000 ballot papers.

VERDICT: False.

CONTEXT:  On the 16th of July, 2022, Fact checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted a voice note claim which alleges that “some APC and PDP betrayals are presently in Government house with the support of INEC to thumbprint 100,000 ballot papers. He alleged that they are also using the BVAS to authenticate their illegality. According to him, he was 100 per cent sure and wants PDP leaders to take action NOW!!!”

VERIFICATION: CDD Fact checkers interrogated the claim based on the Independent National Electoral (INEC) Electoral guidelines.  CDD findings revealed that as part of its electoral guidelines INEC has coded every ballot paper based on the total number of registered voters at every polling unit.

Further checks on the claim also alleged that BVAS is being authenticated their illegality, CDD findings revealed that the BVAS device is coded from the ICT department of INEC National Headquarters, also the BVAS device is also activated on the morning of the election day. Lastly, the process of sensitive materials being deployed to polling units on election day in the company of security personnel contradicts the above claim.

CONCLUSION:

CDD can confirm after investigation and fact analysis that the claim that APC and some PDP traitors are working with INEC to thumbprint 100,000 ballot papers is False.

The CDD urges members of the public to read beyond headlines before sharing any news report, especially on social media.

You can forward suspicious messages for verification via +2349062910568 or contact us on Twitter @CDDWestAfrica

#StopFakeNews #StopDisinformation

Center for Democracy and Development West Africa | CDD West Africa

FACT CHECK: Was a Tag Made by The APC to Disguise Thugs as Security Officers?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: APC made tags to disguise thugs As Security Officers?

VERDICT: False.

CONTEXT: CDD fact checkers spotted a trending claim on Twitter, with an attached picture of a tag alleged to be made available by the All-Progressives Congress to disguise thugs as security officers. The post also claims that the tag is not lawfully recognized by security agents.

VERIFICATION: Looking to verify the authenticity of the claim, CDD fact checkers reached out to Atanda Olabisi, the Public Relations Officer of the Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC) in Osun State. She informed us that both the NSCDC and The Nigeria Police Force in Osun State produced tags for their officers in view of the gubernatorial election in the state. Although the tag in view is not that of the NSCDC, the PRO confirmed that it is a real tag produced by the Nigeria Police Force (NPF) for its security agents.

To double check, CDD fact checkers scanned the QR code on the tag which immediately redirected to the web as the authentic tag of the Osun Southwest Senatorial District.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the claim is false and misleading, as the tag is a lawfully recognized tag of the Nigeria Police Force (NPF) and was produced for its officers for the 2022 Gubernatorial election.

FACT CHECK: Is Senator Ademola Adeleke Giving Out Free N10,000 Online to Support his Governorship Campaign?

By Fact Checks4 Comments

CLAIM: Senator Ademola Adeleke is giving out free N10,000 online to support his Governorship Campaign

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: CDD fact checkers spotted a message going viral on WhatsApp, with the claim that, Senator Ademola Adeleke, the PDP Governorship Candidate for the Osun 2022 elections is giving out N10,000 instantly online, as part of his campaign funds. The post reads: “Support ADEMOLA ADELEKE for the GOVERNORSHIP CAMPAIGN and receive N10,000 instant from ADEMOLA ADELEKE SUPPORT GROUP as part of his CAMPAIGN FUNDS. This Grant Is Available To All Nigerians who follow the link below to support him. Apply Here https://lyupz.com/ADELEKE-CAMPAIGN-2023”

VERIFICATION: Our fact-checkers sought to verify the claim’s authenticity by assessing the link attached to the broadcast message to be used by interested applicants. A click on the link shows that the campaign fund is allegedly sponsored by the PDP aspirant and it also showed ratings from “previous successful applicants” referred to as testifiers.

Further checks and critical analysis of the website revealed it to be a phishing website created by scammers to mislead the public into providing personal information.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the claim is Misleading. While we cannot confirm if Senator Ademola Adeleke is running an online campaign to give out 10,000 Naira to supporters, we can confirm that the message in circulation is a concocted one and directs to a phishing website intended to scam the unsuspecting public.

FACT CHECK: Did PDP Thugs Snatch Ballots and Cause Violence at Isokan LGA Ward 2 Unit 3?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: PDP thugs snatched Ballots and caused violence at Isokan LGA Ward 2 Unit 3.

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: CDD Fact Checkers spotted a WhatsApp story posted by 10:12 am with an attached picture, claiming that PDP thugs in Isokan LGA Ward 2 Unit 3, have snatched ballots and caused violence at the Polling Unit.

VERIFICATION: Our fact-checkers swung into action to ascertain whether the claim was indeed true. We immediately reached out to our observers situated at Isokan LGA Ward 2 Unit 3 and they confirmed that the atmosphere was entirely peaceful with no such incident occurring. The observer also took a picture of the ballot box, confirming that all was well at the polling unit.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the claim is false. PDP thugs in Isokan LGA Ward 2 Unit 3 did not snatch ballots or cause violence at the Polling Unit.

FACT CHECK: Was a Bullion Van Spotted at a Polling Unit?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: A bullion Van was spotted at a polling unit.

VERDICT: True But Misleading

CONTEXT: On 16th July 2022, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development [CDD] spotted a piece of news on several WhatsApp group pages published by The Source online newspaper that there was a bullion van stationed at African Primary School in Oshogbo, Osun State capital. This Primary School holds about 6 PUs. However, it was unclear whether the bullion van was meant for the election predicted to be characterized by vote buying or not.

The news published the claim with the headline “OsunDecide2022: Bullion Van Spotted at Polling Unit”

VERIFICATION: Investigations by CDD fact-checkers revealed that the report is true but misleading.

CDD fact checkers went to the PU and confirmed that though the bullion van was there, it was parked by a Zenith Bank Branch which shares a fence with the school.

Further checks by CDD revealed that the bank uses some spaces within the school for car parks and other purposes, CDD fact-checkers had an interview with the Bank Manager and an eyewitness at the polling unit.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm the report to be true but misleading because the bullion van was parked but not for the purpose of vote buying.

CDD is urging members of the public to read beyond headlines and verify the source before sharing any news.

FACT CHECK: Are Thugs in Ifewara LGA to Perpetrate Violence?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: Thugs are in Ifewara LGA to perpetrate violence.

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT:

on 16th July 2022 fact-checkers at the centre for democracy and development[ CDD] spotted a tweet on official PDP twitter account https://twitter.com/OfficialPDPNig/status/1548219554181963776?s=20&t=CiMvs36qMrsIoIAbyoUcsA” that says thugs are in Ifewara LGA to perpetrate violence

VERIFICATION: Investigations by CDD fast checkers revealed that the report is false as it has been taken down from the PDP’S Twitter account at the time of this investigation.

Further checks by CDD revealed that Ifewara is just a town and not a local government in Osun state.

CONCLUSION: CDD fast-checkers can confirm the report to be false. Attached is the deleted tweet

FACT CHECK: Did Hon Lasun of Labour Party Drop his Ambition for Sen Ademola Adeleke

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: Hon Lasun of Labour Party drops his ambition for Sen. Ademola Adeleke.

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: On the 16th of July, 2022, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy democracy and Development (CDD) spotted a report on social media that claimed that Hon. Lasun Yusuff of Labour Party dropped his ambition for Sen Ademola Adeleke of the PDP. The headline read thus: “Breaking: Hon Lasun Of Labour Party Drops His Ambition For Sen Ademola Adeleke!”

VERIFICATION: Investigations by CDD fact-checkers revealed that the report is false, although Nairaland published the report, at the time of this investigation it had been taken down and the error code 404 reads “removed-hidden”. Further checks by CDD revealed that vanguard newspaper published on November 15 2021 that Lasun Yusuf can drop his ambition for APC and not PDP, he said, “it would not be difficult to give up my governorship ambition for Governor Adegboyega Oyetola if the leadership of the party requested and gives every stakeholder a sense of belonging in the decision”.

CONCLUSION:  CDD fact-checkers can confirm the report to be false.

CDD is urging members of the public to read beyond headlines and verify the source before sharing any news, especially from blogs that are in the habit of using sensational headlines to draw traffic to their blogs.

FACT CHECK: Is Bola Ahmed Tinubu on the Ballot for the Osun Governorship Election?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: Bola Ahmed Tinubu is on the ballot for the Osun Governorship Election

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: A screenshot was spotted as posted by a Twitter user on July 15th, 2022, insinuating that the APC 2023 Presidential Candidate, Bola Ahmed Tinubu is on the ballot for the Osun 2022 Gubernatorial Election.

VERIFICATION: Our fact-checkers looked into the claim and can verify that the incumbent Governor Gboyega Oyetola of the All Progressives Congress (APC) is the party’s accredited candidate for the Osun 2022 Governorship Election. The national leader of the All-Progressive Congress APC, Bola Tinubu on January 10th, 2022 formally declared his intention to contest the 2023 Presidential election under the platform of the APC.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the claim is misleading. Bola Ahmed Tinubu, the APC presidential candidate for the 2023 general elections is not on the ballot for the Osun 2022 Gubernatorial election.

FACT CHECK: Did the Police Withdraw all Securities From PDP Loyalists And Their Chieftain For The APC Thugs to Attack?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: The Police Withdrew all securities from PDP loyalists and their chieftain for the APC thugs to Attack.

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: On the 15th of July 2022, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development spotted a report on “The Whatsapp platform” claiming that police withdrew all securities from PDP loyalists and their chieftain for the APC thugs to attack.

VERIFICATION: The investigation by CDD fact-checkers revealed that the report was a rumour due to confirmation from “People’s gazette” website, Punch and Tribune, an hour ago. Deputy Inspector-General of Police in charge of the Force Criminal Investigation Department (FCID), Johnson Babatunde Kokumo, said the police had informed the VIPs of the temporal withdrawal for the purpose of election.

Furthermore, Mr Babatunde Kokumo said there are some categories of Nigerian individuals who are entitled to these kinds of protections and have been informed that the Police are going to remove them.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm this report to be false. CDD is urging the members of the public to read beyond Headlines before sharing any news report, especially on social media.

FACT CHECK: Did Oyetola Refuse to Approve Osogbo Stadium For Our Mega Rally

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: Oyetola Refused to Approve Osogbo Stadium For Our Mega Rally, Says Osun PDP.

VERDICT: False.

CONTEXT: On 16th of July 2022, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development spotted a report on the “AMILOADED MEDIA HUB” Facebook platform claiming that “OYETOLA REFUSED TO APPROVE OSOGBO STADIUM FOR OUR MEGA RALLY, SAYS OSUN PDP”

VERIFICATION: Investigation by CDD fact-checkers revealed that the report was been denied by The Commissioner for Information in the Osun State, Funke Egbemode, in a telephone conversation with “Daily Trust”. She stated that the Osogbo City Stadium and the Freedom Park had been granted to other people before the Governorship Aspirant of the PDP Senator Ademola Adeleke applied for permission. Therefore, one venue could not be given to two applicants at the same time.

Furthermore, another denial was confirmed on the “vanguardngr.com” website by the Special Adviser to Governor Adegboyega Oyetola on Political Affairs, Sunday Akere that the party lacked organisation and failed to book the said venues until other groups did.  He said, “A youth group booked for the stadium ahead of them, while the minibus union booked the freedom park”.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm this report to be false. CDD advises the public to disregard this claim.

FACT CHECK: Did Adeleke Say “Our Mandate Will Not Be Stolen, This Time It Is Fire For Fire?”

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: Adeleke said in a tweet “Our mandate will not be stolen this time, It Is fire for fire”

VERDICT: False

Image Source: Sunnewsonline

CONTEXT: On July 8, 2022, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted an image with the caption “the People’s Love will not be taken for granted. Come July 16th our mandate will not be stolen again. “This time it is fire for fire”

VERIFICATION: The investigation carried out by CDD Fact checkers revealed that the caption was not from the verified Twitter handle of the PDP Governorship Candidate Ademola  Adeleke. Our findings show that what was tweeted made by the senator on the said date reads “the peoples love will not be taken for granted. July 16th  Imole.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that mischief makers manipulated the claim to cause confusion and trigger Violence. CDD can confirm this claim is False

CDD is urging members of the public to verify from certified source before sharing any news report especially, from a random WhatsApp status

FACT CHECK: Has Tinubu Replaced Shettima With Dogara as His Running Mate?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: Tinubu replaced Shettima with Dogara as his running mate.

VERDICT: FALSE AND MISLEADING

CONTEXT: On July 15, 2022, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted a post on ” Nairaland” that says;  Breaking: Tinubu Replaces Shettima With Dogara
The report published the claim with the headline:  “Breaking: Tinubu Replaces Shettima With Dogara”

VERIFICATION: Investigation by CDD Fact checkers revealed that the report is false and misleading following the declaration statement of the outcome of the Primary election conducted by the APC in Maiduguri reading that Barr. Kaka-Shehu Lawalb is Replacing Senator Kashim Shettima as the APC Borno Central Senatorial District candidate for the 2023 election. Tinubu’s running Mate, Shettima was replaced as APC Borno Central candidate by Barr. Lawan upon his nomination as the Vice Presidential candidate.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers upon investigation verified the report to be false and misleading. CDD is urging members of the public to verify every piece of information and only share news from credible sources.