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FACT CHECK: Are Nigerian Universities Better Than Their Foreign Counterparts?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: Nigerian universities are better than their foreign counterparts.

VERDICT: FALSE

CONTEXT: The senior special assistant to the president on media and publicity, Mallam Garba Shehu, stated his belief that Nigeria’s universities are good enough and even better than their foreign counterparts. While commenting at the graduation of Glisten International Academy Abuja, Mallam Shehu, who was also a parent of a graduate, asserted his belief that ‘Nigerian universities are equally as good and even better than foreign institutions.

VERIFICATION: Nigerian universities do not feature highly on all university rankings. Most of these rankings use various criteria, including teaching, research capacity, international diversity, sustainable funding and alumni stature. Most rankings place the highest ranked Nigerian universities in the 1001-1250 category, which is well below the top spots that are occupied by foreign universities.

Sadly, most universities in Nigeria are public-owned and affected by strikes carried out by the Academic Staff Union of Universities.

WHY WE FACT CHECKED THIS: This claim was fact-checked to provide facts to claims made by public office holders to improve the reputation of their office.

FACT CHECK: Does Elon Musk Own A Hotel in Mars?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

Verdict: False

CLAIM: CDD spotted a trending story online, that Elon Musk, the entrepreneur who achieved global fame as the chief executive officer (CEO) of electric autos maker Tesla Inc. (TSLA) and CEO of the private space company is set to unveil his new hotel in Mars. The story on social media and blogs claimed that the world’s richest man is set to open soon his latest investment, a hotel, in Mars. According to the message with the accompanied image claimed a night rate at the hotel will be $5 million.

Fact Check: In verifying the claim, we verified the image using the fact checking tool, Tineye; a reverse image search engine that allows one to search by image. The result revealed that the image was first uploaded online by venturebeat.com as a proposed model of lab biomes Interstellar, which is expected to be built on Mojave Desert, Mars. The website has a trailer video of Interstellar Labs future, where the image appeared.

However, Elon Musk Trust is the owner of SpaceX, a Space Exploration Technologies Corp, which became famous after it first big headline, when it became the first private company to launch a payload into orbit and return it to Earth intact—something only government agencies like NASA or Russia’s Roscosmos had done before.  In 2020 Musk claimed that SpaceX will put a million people on Mars by 2050, there has been no recent claim of this on Elon’s official twitter page or on trustworthy news site.  Since its first crewed flight in 2020, SpaceX has continued to launch astronauts to the International Space Station and return them home to Earth as part of a partnership with NASA.

Fact checkers searched through Elon Musk’s social media and information platforms, including his verified Twitter account, with 102.7 million followers and cannot find any post relating to an hotel in Mars. 

Source: CDD West Africa

In conclusion, we can confirm that the posts and reports claiming that Elon Musk will soon open a hotel in Mars, which is expected to cost $5 million a night is false. With this check, CDD continues to provide the global community with facts to make informed choices; therefore, advises citizens against peddling false information.

FACT CHECK: Is Peter Obi’s Claim that Nigeria Has About 100 Players in NBA True?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

CLAIM: Peter Obi claimed that Nigeria has about 100 players in NBA.

VERDICT: False

Peter Obi. Photo/Facebook/

CONTEXT: Responding to a question posed during an interview on Politics Today, a Programme on Channels Television, the Labour Party presidential candidate replying to  a question on why he is focused on supporting the youth, said

“…proud, celebrating their talent. And this is what we have everywhere. If you go into the American NBA, out of 150 players, almost 100 are Nigerians. These youths are so talented that they are where you need to focus to reach their talent and productive energy to turn around the country…” 

VERIFICATION: Our partners at Daily Trust have clarified where the misconception behind this claim might have come from. Teams in the U.S invite unregistered or young players, referred to as rookies, to their training camps so that the coaching staff can evaluate their performance and select their active roster. However, actual registered NBA players are restricted to 15 players on each of the 30 teams which adds up to 450 players, of which Nigeria only has 10.

Relying on available data, we can confirm that Nigeria does not have about 100 players in the NBA as claimed by Peter Obi. In fact, no country or continent has produced up to that number since the inception of the league. Therefore, the claim by Obi is false in its entirety.

Source: CDD West Africa

WHY WE FACT-CHECKED THIS:  Several presidential candidates have been peddling fake news in a bid to support their campaign. This claim was fact-checked to provide facts to Nigerian citizens.

FACT CHECK: Did Members of the PDP’s Executive Committee in Kwara State Decamp to APC?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

CLAIM: All executive members of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in Kwara State have defected to the APC.

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: A twitter account, purportedly belonging to the All Progressives Congress (APC) Kwara State chapter, tweeted that all executive members of the state opposition Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) had defected to their party.

Source: Twitter

VERIFICATION: Our partners at Daily Trust could not find the names of said PDP decampees on the aforementioned Twitter handle. Furthermore, findings showed that although some former executive members of the Peoples Democratic Party defected to the All Progressives Congress. in June 2022, none of them was a current member of the party’s state. The decampees cited the achievements of Gov. AbdulRahman AbdulRazaq as the rationale behind their defection.

Source: CDD West Africa

Most of the decampees during that period were members of the Kwara State PDP Transformation Movement a group formed with the aim of fighting for the right of PDP members who are thought to be maltreated by the party which included former executives of the opposition party and former political office holders.

FACT CHECK: CHECKING CLAIMS MADE DURING ATIKU’S INTERVIEW

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

CONTEXT: In a one-hour exclusive interview on Arise TV, the former Vice President of Nigeria and presidential candidate of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP), Alhaji Atiku Abubakar made several claims that are fact-check worthy.

Source: Daily News

CLAIM 1: Atiku claimed that the power generation capacity in 1999 was 4,000MW.

VERDICT: FALSE

CONTEXT: The rights activist and presidential candidate of African Action Congress (AAC), Omoyele Sowore claimed that the former President Olusegun Obasanjo-led administration failed to solve the nation’s electricity problems to which the former Vice President of Nigeria responded “When we came in 1999, the total generation (capacity) was about 4,000 Megawatts. We initiated the building of nine additional power stations and by the time those nine were finished, the capacity has gone up from 4,000 Megawatts to about 13,000 Megawatts.

VERIFICATION: Responding to a letter from the House of Representatives Committee on Power and Steel, probing the expenditure in the power sector between 1999 and 2007, then President Olusegun Obasanjo wrote in a letter dated 12 May, 2008, that his administration inherited an installed capacity of 6,000 Megawatts even though only 1500MW was being generated.

Source: CDD West Africa

CLAIM 2: 90% of Nigerians from the northern part of the country are not on social media.

VERDICT: Insufficient Evidence

CONTEXT: Atiku, while expressing his thoughts on Peter Obi’s chances in next year’s presidential election, said 90% of Nigerians from the northern part of the country are not on social media.

“…They were saying through social media, that they have more than one million votes in Osun State but how many people voted for Labour Party? And there again mark you, you are talking about social media, in the North 90 per cent of our people are not tuned to social media,” .

VERIFICATION: To verify the claim, our partners at Daily Trust explored the Statista database which asserts that 110 million of an estimated 200 million Nigerians have access to the internet, with 53.15 million on social media as of 2022.

Following a check of the culmination of followers that Atiku and Peter Obi has on the three main social media platforms, Twitter, Facebook and Instagram, it was evident that Atiku has way more followers on social media than Peter Obi.

Several twitter and Facebook profiles are dedicated to Hausa, the most common language in the northern part of Nigeria such as BBC News Hausa, Premium Times Hausa. Although one can safely say that there is a higher number of social media users in the South compared to the  North following a report by National Bureau of Statistics which puts the number of active internet subscription in the North at 68.5m and the South at 77m. This indirectly translates to active social media users as its one of the key uses of data subscription unlike Atiku’s claim that has no known data supporting his assertion that 90 per cent of Northerners are not on social media. Hence the basis of Atiku’s claim is unfounded.

WHY WE FACT-CHECKED THIS: CDD fact-checked these claims to help the electorate hold politicians accountable during the electoral season


FACT CHECK: Are Nigeria’s Federal, Appeal and Supreme Courts Headed by Christians?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: A former aviation minister and chieftain of the All Progressives Congress, Femi Fani Kayode popularly known as FFK, recently took to his Twitter handle to say that the federal high court, appeal court and the supreme court are all headed by Christians. The tweet has since gathered thousands of engagements.

Source: Africa Daily News

CLAIM 1: Southwest had 4 immediate past governors who are Muslims 

VERIFICATION: In verifying the Minister’s claim, our partners at Daily Trust sought to find out the immediate past governors in the Southwest before the ones currently governing the state.

Findings show that In Oyo State, late senator Abiola Ajimobi, a Muslim was the immediate past governor before Mr. Seyi Makinde came on board.

In Lagos State, Mr Akinwumi Ambode, a Christian was the immediate past governor before Babajide Sanwolu, also a Christian took over.

In Ogun State, Ibikunle Amosun, a current senator was the immediate past governor of the state. He is a Muslim and has governed the state for eight years before Mr Dapo Abiodun, a Christian took over.

In Osun State, the tenure of Mr Gboyega Oyetola (a Muslim) will be coming to an end in November this year following his inability to get a return ticket as he was defeated in the July 2022 governorship elections by Senator Ademola Adeleke, who is a Christian.

Source: Daily Trust

In Ekiti, former Governor Ayodele Fayose, a Christian, was the immediate past governor of the state who completed his two terms in office before the incumbent, Dr Kayode Fayemi, also a Christian took over the mantle of leadership.

 In Ondo State, the immediate past governor of the state, Olusegun Mimiko, a Christian was succeeded by Rotimi Akeredolu, the incumbent governor who is a Christian.

Following previous records, the claim that South West had four Muslim governors before the incumbents is not true as the former governors who are Muslims are three namely; Olusegun Mimiko of Ondo State, Abiola Ajimobi of Oyo State and Ibikunle Amosun of Ogun State.

Source: CDD West Africa

CLAIM 2: All heads of the judiciary are Christians

VERIFICATION: Checks by Daily Trust has shown that Justice John T. Tsoho who was appointed as the Chief Judge of the federal high court is a Christian.

He was appointed by President Muhammadu Buhari in 2019.

Similarly, Hon. Justice Monica Dongban-Mensem, a Christian is Nigeria’s current president of the Appeal court. She was appointed in June 2020 by President Muhammadu Buhari.

Similarly, President Muhammadu Buhari in June this year swore in Hon. Justice Olukayode Ariwoola as the acting Chief Justice of Nigeria, although the president has recently sent his name to the National Assembly to be confirmed as the substantive CJN.

Justice Ariwoola, who is a Muslim by virtue of the being the CJN, heads the Supreme court of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

While the Federal High court and Appeal courts are headed by Christians, the Supreme court is headed by a Muslim who doubles as the current Chief Justice of Nigeria, as such the claim by Fani Kayode is FALSE.

FACT CHECK: HAS INEC RECOGNISED SENATE PRESIDENT LAWAN, AKPABIO AS SENATORIAL CANDIDATES?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

Verdict: FALSE

Claim: On August 9, 2022, Sahara Reporters published a breaking news: Nigerian Electoral Body, INEC Succumbs To Pressure From Ruling APC, Backdates Documents To Recognise Senate President Lawan, Akpabio As Senatorial Candidates. This is the second time; the news outlet will make this claim. On July 8, 2022, it published Nigerian Electoral Body, INEC Succumbs To Pressure From Ruling APC To Recognise Senate President, Lawan As Yobe Senatorial Candidate, Moves To Destroy Electoral Commissioner’s Report. These claims have generated debates on social media, particularly on WhatsApp. In the new claim, the media organization said, it has credible evidence that the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has backdated Certified True Copies (CTC) of reports of the All Progressives Congress (APC) primaries to accommodate Senate President, Ahmad Lawan, Godswill Akpabio and others as candidates in the 2023 general elections.

To validate its claim, the online news reporter, published the INEC document for the nomination of candidates by political parties. The document dated June 17, 2022, also has INEC’s CTC stamp dated July 15, 2022.

Fact Check: CDD’s fact check of July 10, 2022 had earlier countered Sahara Reporters’ claim of July 8, 2022. In the new claim, fact checkers applied Tineye, a fact check tool to verify the authenticity of INEC’s form EC9C; the form for nomination of candidates by political parties. The form EC9C is what political parties use to submit to INEC, the names of its nominated candidates, which must be signed by the party’s recognized national chairman and secretary. This is not an INEC’s report.

As the date shows, June 17, 2022, was the last date for the submission of nominations by political parties, as stated in the INEC’s Time table and Guideline for the 2023 general elections. According the Commission’s Chairman, Prof. Mahmood Yakubu, during the meeting with Resident Electoral Commissioners (RECs), the INEC’s portal closed at 6:00pm on June 17, 2022. The All Progressives Congress (APC), the party whose form EC9C is being interrogated, submitted the names of both Akpabio and Lawan on that date (June 17, 2022).

INEC has since published the personal particulars of nominated candidates of political parties, the details of both Lawan and Akpabio were not included as our earlier fact check show. CDD can independently confirm that the matter is now in court, which required INEC to certify a true copy of the form EC9C dated July 15, 2022, following the litigation processes.

Further check can confirm that INEC was yet to publish the final list of candidates; which according to Timetable is September 20, 2022, for Presidential and National Assembly elections. This is in line with Section 32 (1) of the Electoral Act 2022.

Conclusion: CDD can confirm that the breaking story by Sahara Report, which is also trending online is false. As we head to the 2023 general elections, electorates and indeed Nigerians must be curious of political information; particularly on the online space. Electoral disinformation will dominate the country’s ecosystem. The aim of peddlers of misleading contents and information among others is to delegitimize the election management body and ultimately the electoral system. Each one has the responsibility to share verified information. 

FACT CHECK: Has William Ruto Won Kenyan Presidential Election?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: William Ruto has won the Kenyan Presidential Election.

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: A viral tweet in the early hours of Wednesday, declared a candidate in the 2022 Kenyan Presidential election, Dr. Williams Ruto, as the winner of the keenly contested poll.

The tweet read, “By all the powers vested upon me by Africa’s revolutionary heroes, I hereby declare that based on preliminary tallies of form 34As, Dr. @WilliamsRuto has won Kenya’s Presidential election by 54.5% of all valid votes cast. The lead is insurmountable. Thank you Patriots. Viva!”

Another tweet claimed that “based on an accurate tabulation of all form 34As, @WilliamsRuto has won.” “Patriots must ensure that the NIS agents don’t intercept the physical forms and alter them. All forms must be delivered in OPEN SPACES at BOMAS, displayed and talkies TRANSPARENTLY. Not inside rooms,” the post added.

VERIFICATION: Checks by Daily Trust revealed that more than 99 per cent of results forms had been electronically submitted by polling centres to the commission on Wednesday, but it still must verify them with the physical forms.

It was observed that high-profile supporters of the two leading candidates were tweeting claims of victory, citing counts based on more than 46,000 results forms posted online by the electoral commission.

As a result, human rights groups on Wednesday warned anxious Kenyans over “rising levels of false or misleading information being shared on social media” as the country awaited the results of the presidential election.

Also, Amnesty International Kenya and other groups had in a statement, urged Kenyans to consider all results provisional until the electoral commission announces the official results to reduce the risks of violence or claims of rigging. Although official election results must be announced within a week of the vote, the electoral commission indicated it would be at least Thursday before a winner is declared.

To win the presidential race in the first round, a candidate needs more than half of all the votes cast across the country; and at least 25% of the votes cast in a minimum of 24 counties.

Evidence proves that tallying was still ongoing as of the time of this report. In a confirmation by the electoral commission chair, Wafula Chebukati, a winner will be declared soonest. Therefore, the claim that Williams Ruto has won the Kenyan Presidential election is false and should be disregarded.

WHY WE FACT CHECKED THIS: This fact check was carried out to provide facts to fake news that might reduce trust in public institutions.

FACT CHECK: Did Tinubu’s Daughter Ask Him To Drop Presidential Ambition As Claimed In Viral Video?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

CLAIM: Tinubu’s daughter is opposed to her father’s desperation to be president.

VERDICT: FALSE

CONTEXT: A viral Twitter post, attributed to belong to the daughter of the All Progressive Congress presidential nominee, Bola Ahmed Tinubu, shows her cautioning him to drop his presidential ambition on the grounds that he is not fit for the position. In the video, the woman called Tinubu her father at different points while making her point.

VERIFICATION: Checks conducted by our partners at Daily Trust revealed that the caption is misleading as the video was originally posted on Instagram by an activist and Instagram influencer, Adetoun Onajobi on her official page, (justadetoun) in July.

Further checks gathered that she referred to Tinubu as her “father” in the video figuratively, because she considers him a father out of respect and the relationship he has with her husband. This is supported by her interview on the Channels TV show, Rubbin’ Minds, that “Tinubu is like a father to me but I will never endorse him.”

cdd fact check

We can confirm that the video is misleading and was not made by any of Tinubu’s biological children.

WHY WE FACT-CHECKED THIS: The claim was done to avert any attempt to discredit any candidate based on fake news and misinformation.

CDD Fact Check: Does Nigeria Have About 190k Polling Units?

By Fact Check, Fact Checks, Fake NewsNo Comments

VERDICT: False

CLAIM: CDD fact checkers spotted a trending tweet by Daniel Bwala, a lawyer and until recently served as a special adviser on legal matters to the Deputy Senate President, Ovie Omo-Agege.

On August 1, 2022, Mr. Bwala claimed there are about 190,000 polling units in Nigeria. He also maintained that a minimum of three-party agents are required at the polling unit.

The tweet reads: “There are about 190k polling units in Nigeria. A party needs a minimum of 3 agents in each polling unit; 570k human beings in total. “That’s structure existing not on social media. Anyway, it will be clearer as we approach elections. Insult is not a substitute for structure”.

FACT CHECK PROCESS: CDD Fact check on the claim indicated that Daniel Bwala’s data were inaccurate. As at August 2, 2022, the tweet has garnered over 3,000 (626 retweets, 190 Quotes and 2,333 likes) engagements and still growing.

According to the Election Management Body, there are 176,846 polling units listed on the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) website. INEC, on June 16th, 2021, removed polling units from ‘inappropriate’ places and worship centers across the country. The commission’s chairman, Mahmood Yakubu, disclosed this at a meeting with Resident Electoral Commissioners (RECs) in Abuja.

At the meeting, he unveiled the locations of the newly created 56,872 Polling Units (PUs) and also announced other electoral arrangements. With the creation of the new PUs, Mr. Yakubu said, Nigeria now has 176,846 full-fledged polling units against its initial 119,974 PUs in the 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). He pegged the total number of polling units removed from ‘inappropriate places’ at 749.

Mr Bwala also claimed a party needs a minimum of three party agents in each polling units. Fact check on INEC’s pocketbook for party agents, clearly state that a political party is limited to one agent in each of polling units, as against three agents claimed by Mr. Bwala.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that there are 176,846 polling units in Nigeria and not about 190,000. Additionally, there is a limit of one agent rather than three per polling unit as claimed by Mr. Bwala.

Mr.  Bwala’s data on his tweet are wrong and therefore false.

As the country heads to 2023 general elections, there are several misleading contents online, CDD therefore urges citizens and voters to be careful of content they share, online and offline.

FACT CHECK: Did National Grid Collapse 18 Times In 2022?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

CLAIM: The national grid has collapsed 18 times in 2022

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: An online news site published a news report on its website saying the “National Grid has collapsed for the 18th time in 2022.”

VERIFICATION: In verifying the claim, Daily Trust chronicled the number of times the national grid collapsed in 2022 and found out that it was five times this year, and not 18 times. The latest system collapse being the fifth this year, occurred around 12 noon when the grid went blank. Before now the country experienced similarly collapse on 14 March, 9 April, 10 May and 12 June respectfully.

WHY WE FACT CHECKED THIS: This claim was fact checked to provide the facts to citizens to avoid inflammatory statements leading to potentially volatile responses.

FACT CHECK: Did Hollywood Actor, Tom Hanks, Endorse Peter Obi?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

CLAIM: Tom Hanks, a Hollywood actor, has endorsed the Labour Party presidential candidate, Peter Obi

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: A post that has been in circulation on social media claims that Tom Hanks, a Hollywood actor, has endorsed the Labour Party presidential candidate, Peter Obi, via a tweet.

VERIFICATION: Checks by our partners at Daily Trust revealed that the post in circulation is false. Interestingly, the last time Hanks tweeted with his verified handle was two years ago, on 22 May, 2020.

Also, the claim that Americans had a standing ovation is false and misleading as there was no account of such in the media.

We can confirm after verification that the post in circulation suggesting Tom Hanks made a tweet endorsing Peter Obi is false.

WHY WE FACT CHECKED THIS: Political campaigns are the source of misleading information, designed to promote or denigrate candidacies. The Centre has fact-checked this to avoid misinformation playing a part in the electoral process.

FACT CHECK: Did APC National Secretary, Iyiola Omisore, Share Money During the Election?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

CLAIM: APC National Secretary, Iyiola Omisore, was spotted distributing cash to voters during Osun Election.

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: A video has surfaced online showing the National Secretary of the All Progressives Congress, Iyiola Omisore, distributing cash and clothing materials to a crowd at an open space decorated for an event. In the video, the politician can be seen wearing a green traditional attire with a cap to match sharing N2,000 to individuals, mostly women. The post was made on 14th July, 2022, and had been retweeted several times.

VERIFICATION: To investigate the claim, our partners at Daily Trust carried out a key frame analysis of the video using InVid, an online video verification tool, which revealed that the video had been on the internet since 2014.

The video was first posted by YNaija in a report titled, “#OsunDecides: Thousands gather in Osogbo as Omisore shares cash.” Part of the report reads, “There were thousands of people at the field beside the OYESTECH training centre in Osogbo this afternoon. They were there to receive a sum of money per person from the Omisore Youth Support Foundation (OYSF).”

The result of the investigation revealed that the video alleging that Omisore was buying votes in today’s governorship election in Osun State is an old video aimed to disinform as such should be disregarded as it is false.

WHY WE FACT CHECKED THIS: CDD fact checked this to avoid swaying voters and to avoid complications when result of the election is published.

FACT CHECK: Did Adeleke’s Son Share Money To Voters In Osun?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

CLAIM: Adeleke’s son, Adebayo ‘B-Red’ Adeleke, was recorded sharing money to people on the street.

VERDICT: FALSE

CONTEXT: A 15-second video showing the son of Senator Ademola Adeleke, the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) governorship candidate in Osun State, sharing money for people on the street has been posted on Twitter.

The video was captioned “Ademola Adeleke’s son Bred sharing money to voters.”

In the video, Bred was seen giving out N500 notes randomly to people who seem excited to see him.

There were two security men between him and the crowd who were trying to prevent them from getting closer to his car.

The tweet by one Qudus Akanbi Eleyi had amassed over 2,000 views, over 100 likes, and retweets, and more than 40 comments as of the time of filing this report.

VERIFICATION:

Our partners at Daily Trust ascertained that the claim was made by a Twitter user, Qudus Akanbi Eleyi, and the tweet had amassed over 2,000 views, over 100 likes, and retweets, and more than 40 comments as of the time of filing this report. During investigation, we found out that the video was recorded in Lagos State days before the Osun gubernatorial election that took place on 16 July. The singer was only sharing money with fans who were happy to see him upon his arrival in Lagos State. Several comments under tweet confirmed our findings. One of such comments read “why this hate? This is when this guy landed in Lagos airport, why are you all posting this video?”. Another read “This was the day he landed from abroad two days ago. He met people on the road, and they begged him for money which he gave them. This is not today.”

We can confirm that the video in circulation suggesting that Adebayo ‘B-Red’ Adeleke was sharing money to voters on behalf of his father is false.

WHY WE FACT CHECKED THIS: The election information space is saturated with several claims that are targeted at the candidates that could either incite violence or sway votes. This fake news had the potential of the later and as such was debunked by CDD.

FACT CHECK: Are 40% of Osun Voters Between 18-34 years?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: 40% of Osun voters are between the ages of 18 -34.

VERDICT: TRUE

CONTEXT: On the 16th of July 2022, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted a claim which stated that almost 40% of registered voters in the Osun 2022 Gubernatorial Election are between 18-34.

VERIFICATION: Fact-checkers of CDD investigated the claim and our findings according to data provided by Kimpact Development Initiative (KDI) a non-profit organisation in Osun state records that the gender disaggregation of registered voters shows that 52.76% of registered voters is female while 47.24%.  The data shows that the youth (18- 34 years) which has the highest representation of voters is 39.7%, while the middle-aged represent 32.5%, the elderly 19.2% and the old 8.51%.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the claim about 40% of Osun Voters being between 18 -34 years is True

CDD is urging members of the public to verify from certified source before sharing any news report especially, from a random WhatsApp status

FACT CHECK: Is The INEC Result Viewing Portal (IREV) Down?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: The INEC result viewing portal (IREV) is down.

VERDICT: False.

CONTEXT: On the 16th of July 2022, fact-checkers spotted a claim on the night of election day at 10:35 pm saying “INEC Result viewing portal (IREV) is down and citizens can no longer see results being posted from the polling units.

VERIFICATION: CDD Fact checkers began investigations into this claim, and findings from our election Analysis Centre reported that the INEC result viewing portal (Irev) had been tracked since 2:30 pm when voting closed at polling units.

Analysing the Irev data, CDD fact-checkers confirmed that as of 10:35 pm, 3,3739 out of 3,763 results had been uploaded at the polling units. The portal was also reported to be fully active all through the period of tracking, without a shutdown

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the claim that INEC Result Viewing Portal (Irev) is down is False. The portal was still open as of 10:35 pm.

CDD is urging members of the public to verify from certified source before sharing any news report especially, from a random WhatsApp status

FACT CHECK: Were People not Allowed to Vote for PDP at Okerewe, ward 3 PU 14, Ife LGA?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: People are not allowed to vote for PDP at Okerewe 3, PU 14, in Ife Local Government Area.

VERDICT: False

CONTEXT: CDD Fact checkers spotted a tweet by @SodiqTade and a retweet by a Nigerian artist, David Adeleke known as Davido with the claim that people were not being allowed to vote for PDP at Okerewe Ward 3, polling unit 14, Ife LGA. The tweet also claimed that people perceived to be PDP supporters were attacked.

VERIFICATION: The CDD fact-checkers in their investigation tried to verify the authenticity of the tweet by scanning the profile of the artist and that of @SodiqTade. The scan showed that the original tweet by @SodiqTade was already deleted signalling the lack of authenticity of the claim.

CONCLUSION: During CDD investigations, the fact-checkers ascertained that people were not stopped from voting for PDP at the centre indicated.

FACT CHECK: Were 13 Local Government Results Uploaded as of 7:07 pm?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: Out of 13 local government results now, APC won 3, and PDP won 10.

VERDICT: False and Misleading.

CONTEXT: CDD fact checkers spotted a trending WhatsApp story screenshot with the claim that out of 13 local government results released as of 7:07 pm, the APC won 3, while the PDP won 10.

VERIFICATION: CDD fact-checkers looked to verify the claim through monitoring of the INEC result viewing portal by the Fact Check Hub of the CDD Election Analysis Centre. Our analysis showed that only 2 local government results (Obokun and Boluwaduro) were out as of 7:30 pm on July 16th. 13 local government results were not released at the time in the post, this, therefore, makes it misleading to allocate winnings to any political party. To further authenticate the claim, the fact check team reached out to Professor Muhammed Kuna, the Technical Adviser to the INEC chairman who summarized that there are laid down procedures for the announcement of results, as polling unit results and ward results go to the local government level before they can be declared, in line with the INEC guideline for the announcement of results. At the time of placing the call at 9:50 pm, He mentioned that the LGA results cannot yet be concluded, as 70 polling unit results were not yet out and all stipulated procedures had not been finalized, further confirming the post to be misleading.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the claim is misleading. Monitoring of the INEC result viewing portal by the CDD Election Analysis Centre shows that only 2 local government results (Obokun and Boluwaduro) were out as of 7:30 pm on July 16th. 13 local government results were not released at the time in the post, this, therefore, makes it misleading to allocate winnings to any political party.

FACT CHECK: Did APC Members and Some PDP Traitors Connive With INEC to Thumbprint 100,000 Ballot Papers?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: APC members and some PDP traitors connived with INEC to thumbprint 100,000 ballot papers.

VERDICT: False.

CONTEXT:  On the 16th of July, 2022, Fact checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted a voice note claim which alleges that “some APC and PDP betrayals are presently in Government house with the support of INEC to thumbprint 100,000 ballot papers. He alleged that they are also using the BVAS to authenticate their illegality. According to him, he was 100 per cent sure and wants PDP leaders to take action NOW!!!”

VERIFICATION: CDD Fact checkers interrogated the claim based on the Independent National Electoral (INEC) Electoral guidelines.  CDD findings revealed that as part of its electoral guidelines INEC has coded every ballot paper based on the total number of registered voters at every polling unit.

Further checks on the claim also alleged that BVAS is being authenticated their illegality, CDD findings revealed that the BVAS device is coded from the ICT department of INEC National Headquarters, also the BVAS device is also activated on the morning of the election day. Lastly, the process of sensitive materials being deployed to polling units on election day in the company of security personnel contradicts the above claim.

CONCLUSION:

CDD can confirm after investigation and fact analysis that the claim that APC and some PDP traitors are working with INEC to thumbprint 100,000 ballot papers is False.

The CDD urges members of the public to read beyond headlines before sharing any news report, especially on social media.

You can forward suspicious messages for verification via +2349062910568 or contact us on Twitter @CDDWestAfrica

#StopFakeNews #StopDisinformation

Center for Democracy and Development West Africa | CDD West Africa

FACT CHECK: Was a Tag Made by The APC to Disguise Thugs as Security Officers?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: APC made tags to disguise thugs As Security Officers?

VERDICT: False.

CONTEXT: CDD fact checkers spotted a trending claim on Twitter, with an attached picture of a tag alleged to be made available by the All-Progressives Congress to disguise thugs as security officers. The post also claims that the tag is not lawfully recognized by security agents.

VERIFICATION: Looking to verify the authenticity of the claim, CDD fact checkers reached out to Atanda Olabisi, the Public Relations Officer of the Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC) in Osun State. She informed us that both the NSCDC and The Nigeria Police Force in Osun State produced tags for their officers in view of the gubernatorial election in the state. Although the tag in view is not that of the NSCDC, the PRO confirmed that it is a real tag produced by the Nigeria Police Force (NPF) for its security agents.

To double check, CDD fact checkers scanned the QR code on the tag which immediately redirected to the web as the authentic tag of the Osun Southwest Senatorial District.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the claim is false and misleading, as the tag is a lawfully recognized tag of the Nigeria Police Force (NPF) and was produced for its officers for the 2022 Gubernatorial election.