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Centre For Democracy & Development

FACT CHECK: Was a Tag Made by The APC to Disguise Thugs as Security Officers?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: APC made tags to disguise thugs As Security Officers?


CONTEXT: CDD fact checkers spotted a trending claim on Twitter, with an attached picture of a tag alleged to be made available by the All-Progressives Congress to disguise thugs as security officers. The post also claims that the tag is not lawfully recognized by security agents.

VERIFICATION: Looking to verify the authenticity of the claim, CDD fact checkers reached out to Atanda Olabisi, the Public Relations Officer of the Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC) in Osun State. She informed us that both the NSCDC and The Nigeria Police Force in Osun State produced tags for their officers in view of the gubernatorial election in the state. Although the tag in view is not that of the NSCDC, the PRO confirmed that it is a real tag produced by the Nigeria Police Force (NPF) for its security agents.

To double check, CDD fact checkers scanned the QR code on the tag which immediately redirected to the web as the authentic tag of the Osun Southwest Senatorial District.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the claim is false and misleading, as the tag is a lawfully recognized tag of the Nigeria Police Force (NPF) and was produced for its officers for the 2022 Gubernatorial election.

FACT CHECK: Is Senator Ademola Adeleke Giving Out Free N10,000 Online to Support his Governorship Campaign?

By Fact Checks4 Comments

CLAIM: Senator Ademola Adeleke is giving out free N10,000 online to support his Governorship Campaign


CONTEXT: CDD fact checkers spotted a message going viral on WhatsApp, with the claim that, Senator Ademola Adeleke, the PDP Governorship Candidate for the Osun 2022 elections is giving out N10,000 instantly online, as part of his campaign funds. The post reads: “Support ADEMOLA ADELEKE for the GOVERNORSHIP CAMPAIGN and receive N10,000 instant from ADEMOLA ADELEKE SUPPORT GROUP as part of his CAMPAIGN FUNDS. This Grant Is Available To All Nigerians who follow the link below to support him. Apply Here”

VERIFICATION: Our fact-checkers sought to verify the claim’s authenticity by assessing the link attached to the broadcast message to be used by interested applicants. A click on the link shows that the campaign fund is allegedly sponsored by the PDP aspirant and it also showed ratings from “previous successful applicants” referred to as testifiers.

Further checks and critical analysis of the website revealed it to be a phishing website created by scammers to mislead the public into providing personal information.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the claim is Misleading. While we cannot confirm if Senator Ademola Adeleke is running an online campaign to give out 10,000 Naira to supporters, we can confirm that the message in circulation is a concocted one and directs to a phishing website intended to scam the unsuspecting public.

FACT CHECK: Did PDP Thugs Snatch Ballots and Cause Violence at Isokan LGA Ward 2 Unit 3?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: PDP thugs snatched Ballots and caused violence at Isokan LGA Ward 2 Unit 3.


CONTEXT: CDD Fact Checkers spotted a WhatsApp story posted by 10:12 am with an attached picture, claiming that PDP thugs in Isokan LGA Ward 2 Unit 3, have snatched ballots and caused violence at the Polling Unit.

VERIFICATION: Our fact-checkers swung into action to ascertain whether the claim was indeed true. We immediately reached out to our observers situated at Isokan LGA Ward 2 Unit 3 and they confirmed that the atmosphere was entirely peaceful with no such incident occurring. The observer also took a picture of the ballot box, confirming that all was well at the polling unit.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the claim is false. PDP thugs in Isokan LGA Ward 2 Unit 3 did not snatch ballots or cause violence at the Polling Unit.

FACT CHECK: Was a Bullion Van Spotted at a Polling Unit?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: A bullion Van was spotted at a polling unit.

VERDICT: True But Misleading

CONTEXT: On 16th July 2022, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development [CDD] spotted a piece of news on several WhatsApp group pages published by The Source online newspaper that there was a bullion van stationed at African Primary School in Oshogbo, Osun State capital. This Primary School holds about 6 PUs. However, it was unclear whether the bullion van was meant for the election predicted to be characterized by vote buying or not.

The news published the claim with the headline “OsunDecide2022: Bullion Van Spotted at Polling Unit”

VERIFICATION: Investigations by CDD fact-checkers revealed that the report is true but misleading.

CDD fact checkers went to the PU and confirmed that though the bullion van was there, it was parked by a Zenith Bank Branch which shares a fence with the school.

Further checks by CDD revealed that the bank uses some spaces within the school for car parks and other purposes, CDD fact-checkers had an interview with the Bank Manager and an eyewitness at the polling unit.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm the report to be true but misleading because the bullion van was parked but not for the purpose of vote buying.

CDD is urging members of the public to read beyond headlines and verify the source before sharing any news.

FACT CHECK: Are Thugs in Ifewara LGA to Perpetrate Violence?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: Thugs are in Ifewara LGA to perpetrate violence.



on 16th July 2022 fact-checkers at the centre for democracy and development[ CDD] spotted a tweet on official PDP twitter account” that says thugs are in Ifewara LGA to perpetrate violence

VERIFICATION: Investigations by CDD fast checkers revealed that the report is false as it has been taken down from the PDP’S Twitter account at the time of this investigation.

Further checks by CDD revealed that Ifewara is just a town and not a local government in Osun state.

CONCLUSION: CDD fast-checkers can confirm the report to be false. Attached is the deleted tweet

FACT CHECK: Did Hon Lasun of Labour Party Drop his Ambition for Sen Ademola Adeleke

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: Hon Lasun of Labour Party drops his ambition for Sen. Ademola Adeleke.


CONTEXT: On the 16th of July, 2022, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy democracy and Development (CDD) spotted a report on social media that claimed that Hon. Lasun Yusuff of Labour Party dropped his ambition for Sen Ademola Adeleke of the PDP. The headline read thus: “Breaking: Hon Lasun Of Labour Party Drops His Ambition For Sen Ademola Adeleke!”

VERIFICATION: Investigations by CDD fact-checkers revealed that the report is false, although Nairaland published the report, at the time of this investigation it had been taken down and the error code 404 reads “removed-hidden”. Further checks by CDD revealed that vanguard newspaper published on November 15 2021 that Lasun Yusuf can drop his ambition for APC and not PDP, he said, “it would not be difficult to give up my governorship ambition for Governor Adegboyega Oyetola if the leadership of the party requested and gives every stakeholder a sense of belonging in the decision”.

CONCLUSION:  CDD fact-checkers can confirm the report to be false.

CDD is urging members of the public to read beyond headlines and verify the source before sharing any news, especially from blogs that are in the habit of using sensational headlines to draw traffic to their blogs.

FACT CHECK: Is Bola Ahmed Tinubu on the Ballot for the Osun Governorship Election?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: Bola Ahmed Tinubu is on the ballot for the Osun Governorship Election


CONTEXT: A screenshot was spotted as posted by a Twitter user on July 15th, 2022, insinuating that the APC 2023 Presidential Candidate, Bola Ahmed Tinubu is on the ballot for the Osun 2022 Gubernatorial Election.

VERIFICATION: Our fact-checkers looked into the claim and can verify that the incumbent Governor Gboyega Oyetola of the All Progressives Congress (APC) is the party’s accredited candidate for the Osun 2022 Governorship Election. The national leader of the All-Progressive Congress APC, Bola Tinubu on January 10th, 2022 formally declared his intention to contest the 2023 Presidential election under the platform of the APC.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the claim is misleading. Bola Ahmed Tinubu, the APC presidential candidate for the 2023 general elections is not on the ballot for the Osun 2022 Gubernatorial election.

FACT CHECK: Did the Police Withdraw all Securities From PDP Loyalists And Their Chieftain For The APC Thugs to Attack?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: The Police Withdrew all securities from PDP loyalists and their chieftain for the APC thugs to Attack.


CONTEXT: On the 15th of July 2022, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development spotted a report on “The Whatsapp platform” claiming that police withdrew all securities from PDP loyalists and their chieftain for the APC thugs to attack.

VERIFICATION: The investigation by CDD fact-checkers revealed that the report was a rumour due to confirmation from “People’s gazette” website, Punch and Tribune, an hour ago. Deputy Inspector-General of Police in charge of the Force Criminal Investigation Department (FCID), Johnson Babatunde Kokumo, said the police had informed the VIPs of the temporal withdrawal for the purpose of election.

Furthermore, Mr Babatunde Kokumo said there are some categories of Nigerian individuals who are entitled to these kinds of protections and have been informed that the Police are going to remove them.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm this report to be false. CDD is urging the members of the public to read beyond Headlines before sharing any news report, especially on social media.

FACT CHECK: Did Oyetola Refuse to Approve Osogbo Stadium For Our Mega Rally

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: Oyetola Refused to Approve Osogbo Stadium For Our Mega Rally, Says Osun PDP.


CONTEXT: On 16th of July 2022, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development spotted a report on the “AMILOADED MEDIA HUB” Facebook platform claiming that “OYETOLA REFUSED TO APPROVE OSOGBO STADIUM FOR OUR MEGA RALLY, SAYS OSUN PDP”

VERIFICATION: Investigation by CDD fact-checkers revealed that the report was been denied by The Commissioner for Information in the Osun State, Funke Egbemode, in a telephone conversation with “Daily Trust”. She stated that the Osogbo City Stadium and the Freedom Park had been granted to other people before the Governorship Aspirant of the PDP Senator Ademola Adeleke applied for permission. Therefore, one venue could not be given to two applicants at the same time.

Furthermore, another denial was confirmed on the “” website by the Special Adviser to Governor Adegboyega Oyetola on Political Affairs, Sunday Akere that the party lacked organisation and failed to book the said venues until other groups did.  He said, “A youth group booked for the stadium ahead of them, while the minibus union booked the freedom park”.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm this report to be false. CDD advises the public to disregard this claim.

FACT CHECK: Did Adeleke Say “Our Mandate Will Not Be Stolen, This Time It Is Fire For Fire?”

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: Adeleke said in a tweet “Our mandate will not be stolen this time, It Is fire for fire”


Image Source: Sunnewsonline

CONTEXT: On July 8, 2022, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted an image with the caption “the People’s Love will not be taken for granted. Come July 16th our mandate will not be stolen again. “This time it is fire for fire”

VERIFICATION: The investigation carried out by CDD Fact checkers revealed that the caption was not from the verified Twitter handle of the PDP Governorship Candidate Ademola  Adeleke. Our findings show that what was tweeted made by the senator on the said date reads “the peoples love will not be taken for granted. July 16th  Imole.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that mischief makers manipulated the claim to cause confusion and trigger Violence. CDD can confirm this claim is False

CDD is urging members of the public to verify from certified source before sharing any news report especially, from a random WhatsApp status

FACT CHECK: Has Tinubu Replaced Shettima With Dogara as His Running Mate?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: Tinubu replaced Shettima with Dogara as his running mate.


CONTEXT: On July 15, 2022, fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted a post on ” Nairaland” that says;  Breaking: Tinubu Replaces Shettima With Dogara
The report published the claim with the headline:  “Breaking: Tinubu Replaces Shettima With Dogara”

VERIFICATION: Investigation by CDD Fact checkers revealed that the report is false and misleading following the declaration statement of the outcome of the Primary election conducted by the APC in Maiduguri reading that Barr. Kaka-Shehu Lawalb is Replacing Senator Kashim Shettima as the APC Borno Central Senatorial District candidate for the 2023 election. Tinubu’s running Mate, Shettima was replaced as APC Borno Central candidate by Barr. Lawan upon his nomination as the Vice Presidential candidate.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers upon investigation verified the report to be false and misleading. CDD is urging members of the public to verify every piece of information and only share news from credible sources.

FACT CHECK: Did Court Sack The Osun State PDP Candidate, Senator Adeleke?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: Senator Adeleke, PDP Candidate has been sacked by the court from participating in the forthcoming Osun election


Image Source: Punch

CONTEXT: On July 15, 2022, a screenshot message credited to the APC Youth Stakeholders Forum, surfaced on WhatsApp with a claim that Senator Ademola Adeleke, Governorship Candidate of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in the Osun State Governorship election, has been sacked by the court.

VERIFICATION: CDD Fact checkers interrogated the validity of the claim. Findings revealed that on May 18, 2022, a Federal High Court in Osogbo affirmed Ademola Adeleke of the PDP as the authentic candidate of the party in the July 16, 2022 governorship election in the state.  

In his Judgement, the judge, Nathaniel Ayo-Emmanuel, held that the primary election conducted at the WOCDIF Centre, Osogbo, on March 8, 2022, that produced Dotun Babayemi, was null and void. He stressed that it was only the aspirant(s) that participated physically at the primary conducted by the PDP National Working Committee and not the one conducted by the party’s state executives that have power and locus standing to challenge such suit in court. In addition, the screenshot was altered, the tweet in the screenshot is not from the original Twitter handle of the APC Youth Stakeholders Forum. In another case, the Federal High Court, Abuja order the sack of Delta PDP governorship candidate in the 2023 general elections, the order was issued on July 7, 2022, by Justice Taiwo Taiwo. The order of the has been served on the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), disqualifying Sheriff Oborevwori as the PDP governorship candidate in Delta State.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the claim that the PDP Candidate, Ademola Adeleke has been sacked is FALSE. The peddler’s intention is to sway voters in the Saturday, July 16, 2022, governorship election. Election periods are usually characterized by political and electoral disinformation, voters and residents of Osun state, should be careful what they believe and share. Don’t forget, if you must share that piece of information, do ensure you can independently verify it.

FACT CHECK: Did SDP Collapse Its Structure For LP In Benue?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: The Benue State SDP chairman John Enemari, has decamped with all its members in the 276 wards and 23 local govt areas to Labour Party. Benue State is now #OBIdients


SDP Logo


A viral report on blogs, social and mainstream media claims that the State Working Committee of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) in Benue State has collapsed its structure and joined the Labour Party (LP).

On Wednesday, July 13, 2022, Peter Obi Grassroots Mobilization had tweeted via the handle, @PO_GrassRoots, “BREAKING: The Benue State SDP chairman John Enemari, has decamped with all its members in the 276 wards and 23 local govt areas to Labour Party. Benue State is now #OBIdients.”

There were also rumours that a factional Benue State chairman of the SDP, Enemari, issued a statement directing all party members across the 276 wards and 23 LGAs of Benue State to dissolve into the LP.

Enemeri blamed the crisis rocking the SDP at the national level and indifference of the national secretariat to the plight of members of the party in the state for his decision and urged members of the party at all levels to immediately move to the LP.

He said, “The crisis at the national level has destabilised everything about the SDP in all the states of the federation and it has created crisis and factions and we cannot continue to suffer for them particularly here in Benue SDP just like we suffered for the party in 2018/2019.”

He also maintained that, “No kobo was sent to us to work for the party; and by the party’s constitution,  we were supposed to get not less than N75 million from the sale of forms in accordance with Section 72(2) but the people in Abuja sat on it.”

He added, “In a party if you don’t win elections, what do you do? Now they are in court, let them continue. Benue is not a revenue yielding state for them.”

According to him, the LP candidate is a young man that has done very well in his constituency.

Enemeri also said he had consulted with all other parties but that didn’t work, noting that “since we did not have a governorship candidate, we have decided to give our full support to Labour Party in Benue State.”

VERIFICATION: Our Partners during the investigation, ascertained that at the time of filing this report, the tweet had garnered 2,834 retweets and over 11,000 likes.

There also came across a statement by the Vice Chairman of SDP in Benue State, Emmanuel Ibyabya, dismissing the report of collapsing its structures for the Labour Party in the state as Enemeri claimed, describing the report as false and mischievous. The statement also stated that Enemeri was suspended and afterwards expelled from SDP on 8 July, 2022 on the grounds of disloyalty and unfaithfulness to the party. He stressed that the SDP remains united and committed to social justice. The State Working Committee as well as members of the party are fully behind the state chairman.”

Also, the national chairman of the party, Alhaji Shehu Gabam, said, “There is no truth in the merger story. Enemari was expelled from the party. He is no longer a member of SDP as we speak.”

CONCLUSION: From the foregoing, it is clear that Enemeri’s claim of an alliance between the SDP and LP in Benue stands truth on its head. Hence, the claim that SDP structure in Benue had collapsed into LP is contentious and controversial.

Overview of Key Issues in the Pre-Election Period for the July 16, 2022 Osun State
Governorship Election

By Election, NewsNo Comments

The second of two off-cycle governorship elections for 2022 will be conducted by the
Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) in Osun State, on July 16, 2022. The
election is the seventh in the state since the return of the current democratic dispensation in 1999 following a Court of Appeal verdict, on 26 November 2010, Osun’s elections moved
from the general election cycle to an off-cycle polls. Rauf Aregbesola served two terms (2010 – 2018), and was succeeded by Gboyega Oyetola, who now seeks a second term as governor.

The July 2022 Osun State gubernatorial elections will be the second to be conducted under
the amended Electoral Act, 2022. There are 1,955,657 registered voters for the coming
elections, which is a vast increase from the 1,246,915 voters that decided the 2018 elections
and records a 36% increase in voters registered. Voters in Osun State go to the polls for Saturday’s governorship elections to either re-elect an incumbent governor, who is a member of the All Progressives Congress (APC) or change control of the state to any of the fifteen opposition parties, led by the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) who produced a former governor of the state (2003 – 2010). However, a major
difference in this election is the strength of third party candidates and the possible impact it
might have on the electoral results. In 2018, the Social Democratic Party, represented by
Iyiola Omisore, was a prominent candidate and won several Local Governments in the
populous Ife area. Omisore has since moved to the APC and, as a result, the CDD EAC
observes that of the other party candidates, none is able to command a significant level of
support to avoid an APC or PDP win. The CDD-EAC notes that there are 15 political parties
fielding candidates for the election. None of the governorship candidates and six of the
deputy governorship candidates are women, just as the age range of the candidates indicates a
low participation of the youth.

Following on from a successful exercise during the June 2022 Ekiti State governorship
elections, the CDD-EAC will be closely observing the electoral process with the objective of
collecting data to support evidence-based analysis of key aspects of the Osun State
governorship election. Similarly, the CDD-EAC will also host a fake news hub for the
purpose of tracking and countering fake news and misinformation as it affects the election.
Pre-Election Observations Based on the observation of the CDD EAC in the pre-election period, the following are the key trends, which will play a major role in the successful conduct of the polls:

Review of INEC’s Preparedness
Voter turnout will affect the legitimacy and acceptance of the Osun 2022 elections. As at 10
July 2022, INEC reported that only 1,479,595 million of the 1,955,657 registered voters had
collected their permanent voters cards (PVC). This equates to 76% of voters registered and
the low number led to INEC extending the deadline for collecting PVCS to 14 July – two
days before the elections. INEC’s preparations for the election extends to the resources
deployed and areas outlined for the election. 5,305 BVAS machines have been deployed to
cover 3,763 polling units across the 30 Local Governments in the state. The CDD-EAC will
observe if the number is sufficient to ensure that voting is carried out efficiently and if any
technical difficulty is dealt with promptly. The CDD-EAC also notes that because of the
increased size, number of polling units, LGAs and registered voters, the Osun elections
provides a sterner test of INEC’s capacity, when compared to the June 2022 Ekiti
governorship elections.

Finally, the CDD-EAC notes the need for a re-run in the 2018 Governorship elections. This
incident led to some concerns about the result because of the PDP candidate’s defeat, after
leading the first day of the poll and the small margin between the two candidates. Ahead of
the 2023 elections, the CDD-EAC hopes that the conduct of the Osun governorship election
will raise no doubts of INEC’s ability to conduct free, fair and credible elections.
Use of Technology by INEC.

The CDD-EAC notes that the 16 July 2022 Osun State Governorship election is significant
because it will be the last preliminary election as the INEC prepares for the 2023 general
elections. The election also reaffirms precedence that has been set under the Electoral Act
2022 concerning guidelines and regulations for the conduct of elections. The CDD-EAC
commended the progress recorded during the Ekiti elections by INEC and election
stakeholders. Highlighted areas include the high rate of officials arriving at polling units on
time and the high usage of the Bimodal Voter Accreditation System (BVAS) – which resulted
in quick accreditation numbers and brief issues in relation to the review of issues raised. This
led to the prompt release of results via the INEC Result Viewing Portal (IReV). However,
Ekiti’s elections were still marred by incidents of vote buying, violence and a few instances
where voters were allowed to cast their votes without being authenticated by the BVAS. The
CDD-EAC remarks that consolidating on the progress made, and addressing the areas for
improvement, will be key for the credibility of the process.

Emphasis of zoning over issues
The CDD-EAC is concerned about the lack of an issue-based campaign by the major
candidates. In the build up to the 2022 elections, a major area of consideration is zoning –
since 1999, both Osun Central and Osun East senatorial zones have produced governors,
while Osun West has not done so. The PDP candidate, Adeleke, is from the Osun West zone
has based a campaign on representation via this zoning principle.

Incidents of Violence and Insecurity
The CDD-EAC also expresses worry about recent instances of violence, such as the report
that gun men recently attacked the home of the Labour Party’s candidate, Yusuf Sulaimon
Lasun. The home of the Accord Party candidate, Akin Ogunbiyi, was set on fire and the PDP
has reported that police officers arrested some of their members without cause in Osogbo, as
well as in Ije-Ijesha and Etioni in Ori Ade and Atakumosa Local Government Areas
in Osun state signed a Peace Accord on the 13th of July 2022, there is need for a proper
security analysis that will map out hotspots of violence. This is pertinent as the state is
notorious for cultism and street gangs that can easily be appropriated for violence especially
during the ongoing ASUU strike. With current security realities, the Osun election will
require a greater deployment of security personnel. It is hoped that the recent signing of the
peace accords by the governorship candidates will ensure that their supporters refrain from
violent activities regardless of the result of the polls.

Impact of National Politicians
The Osun election is not just the last dress rehearsal before the 2023 general election but also
hosts a number of national figures that can influence the conduct and outcome of the election.
The presidential candidate of the ruling APC, Bola Tinubu, is from the South-West
geopolitical zone, while the former interim national chair of the party, Bisi Akande, is a
former governor of the state. Likewise, the PDP has shown more interest in the Osun
election, when compared to the Ekiti governorship polls. Dr. Iyorchia Ayu, the national chair
and Atiku Abubakar, the presidential candidate alongside other PDP governors have attended
rallies in Osun. This has raised fears that there might be an increase in vote-buying and the
use of security forces to intimidate the opposition and voters.

Voter Inducement
Despite the 2022 Electoral Act, the spate of vote-buying has not reduced. This was evident in
the Ekiti governorship election and likely to be worse in the Osun gubernatorial election. In
2018, three men were arrested for vote-buying by police officers and the International Centre
for Investigative Reporting (ICIR) recorded instances of PDP agents partaking in such
activities. CDD-EAC observers during the June 2022 Ekiti Governorship Elections noted
several instances of vote buying and calls for stronger monitoring by INEC.

Fake News and Misinformation
An increasing aspect of concern is the prevalence of fake news, misinformation and
inflammatory rhetoric. These issues can lead to incidents of violence and reduced voter
turnout depending on the impact. An instance during the June 2022 Ekiti Governorship
Election was the report that a frontline candidate had withdrawn and endorsed another. While
CSOs and the CDD strived to circulate the fact that this was not the case, the impact on votes
cannot be ascertained. The CDD-EAC has deployed resources to track any instance of fake
news so that prompt verification can be carried out as necessary.

Lastly, the CDD-EAC hopes that all critical stakeholders in the election process, from INEC
to traditional leaders and relevant security agencies, work together to ensure a credible
election in Osun. CDD-EAC observers will be on ground to provide real-time information
and data that will inform subsequent reports respectively. Although 13 of the 15 political parties participating in the gubernatorial election

FACT CHECK: Is The Image From the PDP Mega Rally in Osogbo, Osun State?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: This image was taken from the PDP mega rally in Osogbo, Osun State on Thursday, July 14, 2022.


Image Source:

CONTEXT: On Thursday, July 14, 2022, the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) held its mega rally in Osogbo, the Osun State Capital, ahead of the Osun Governorship elections scheduled for Saturday, July 16, 2022. The rally, which was transmitted live, saw a crowd of party faithful gathered. Fact-checkers at the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) spotted a trending image which alleged to be taken at the mega rally. The image surfaced in several WhatsApp groups in the state.

VERIFICATION: CDD Fact checkers reviewed the claims to ascertain its authenticity. Using Google Reverse Image Search; findings revealed that the image, first surfaced online on July 10, 2022, and has been posted multiple times on Twitter and Facebook particularly.

Fact checks show that the image was taken from the 2022 Durbar festival in Ilorin, which was held on July 10, 2022. The Durbar festival in Ilorin is an annual event that takes place a day after Eid-Adha (Eid Il Kabir) at the Emir of Ilorin’s palace. Due to the COVID 19 pandemic, the festival has not been held for a few years, the 2022 event with notable indigenes of the Ilorin Emirate in attendance.


CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the trending Picture of the PDP Rally In Osun State is False.

CDD urges members of the public, especially residents and voters in Osun State to read beyond headlines or captions before sharing any news report. Sharing of old pictures and videos are common during elections. Before you share that story, do ensure you have independently verified it.  


By BlogNo Comments

The Centre for Democracy and Development has been nominated for the International Anti-Corruption Excellence Award 2022 ( in which, the Centre nomination fits into the category of Lifetime/Outstanding achievement.

This is because, over the last three years, CDD has implemented Nigeria Anti-Corruption Agencies Strengthening Initiative Project (NACASIP) funded by Macarthur Foundation. The broad objective was to strengthen and calibrate the operational capacities and efficiencies of the key ACAs in Nigeria to enable them effectively counter corruption through prevention, investigation, prosecution and asset recovery. Within the context of the insidious complex corruption problem in Nigeria; the CDD support has not only been phenomenal and a game changer; it has assisted the ACAs to up the ante in the fight with ground breaking achievements CDD supported the ACAs by deploying state-of-the-art technological equipment including hardware and software, computers, and digital forensic equipment necessary to help timeously detect fraud, track money laundered and analyze complex financial transactions associated with stolen wealth. Technology deployed has helped to reduce turn-around time in investigations leading to the expeditious prosecution of offenders and recovery of humungous resources with a positive impact on national budget performance. The use of technology in fighting corruption became a game changer.

The EFCC and ICPC alone recovered the sum of roughly NGN900 billion (about $2.2 billion) in stolen assets over the last two decades and secured a total of 3,362 convictions between 2010 and 2020. This was a remarkable and significant improvement over previous years within the same period.
The NFIU was upgraded with an enhanced go-AML schema to facilitate efficient financial reporting by financial institutions. This improved the quality of suspicious transactions reports and analytical products generated therefrom which produced financial intelligence that enhanced the tracking of stolen assets.
CDD’s creation of a Central National Web Portal linked to the websites of the ACAs was a major innovation which enabled the ACAs to build partnerships, synergize work, share information and disseminate their activities and enhanced public buy-in and support. Public awareness galvanized support for the ACAs through increased intelligence reports and tips by citizens that greatly help to burst corruption schemes in the public space and reduced the misappropriation of money budget for public projects.

The decline of public ethics and morals is a major hindrance to fighting corruption in Nigeria. CDD gave it a major boost by supporting the ICPC and TUGAR in driving public education and value reorientation with the printing and dissemination of the newly approved National Ethics and Policy on Integrity Policy and the development of the Explanatory Manual of the Code of Conduct for Public Officers. These documents perhaps for the first time provided a clear road map to guide public officials on how to comply and indeed the public to identify infractions which may be reported.

The support to the sub-national ACAs of Kaduna and Jigawa states has expanded the frontiers of anti-corruption and added a new impetus to the fight against graft at that level and filled a yawning gap in the national fight against corruption. The visibility, awareness and impact created are already shown with the spate of other sub-national states enacting anti-corruption laws and setting up anti-corruption agencies.
On the whole, CDD support to the ACAs has changed the anti-corruption landscape in Nigeria by enhancing collaboration, partnerships, energization, and policy harmonization and facilitated the monitoring and evaluation of national anti-corruption performance in line with UNCAC.

Significantly, the support has enabled anti-corruption sustainability through the capacities and efficiencies built; partnerships fostered domestically and internationally leading to the recovery of huge stolen assets. Given this, kindly help disseminate on your various network platforms.

FACT CHECK: Did Shettima Dine With Boko Haram Terrorists?

By Fact ChecksNo Comments

CLAIM: Kashim Shettima dines with Boko Haram terrorists


CONTEXT: A photo of the All Progressives Congress vice presidential candidate, Kashim Shettima allegedly eating with Boko Haram terrorists has been circulating online.

The picture shows the former governor of Borno State sitting and eating on a mat with five men whose appearance resembled that of Fulani herdsmen.
Our partners at Daily Trust carried out an analysis of the photo using Google reverse image search which showed that it had been on the internet since November 2017. They also ascertained that the picture has generated several reactions purporting that Shettima was dining with Boko Haram terrorists who have ravaged the Northeastern part of Nigeria, killing thousands of citizens.

Also in circulation is a statement by an alleged former aide to the Senator, I. A Ningi, explaining that the image was shot when the governor had a meeting with some nomadic (Mbororo) Fulani parents in Borno.

Backing Shettima, the former Senator representing Kaduna Central Senatorial district, Shehu Sani, said linking Shettima with Boko Haram was mischief.

“Those who are aggrieved over the Muslim-Muslim ticket of the ruling party have the constitutional right to express their objections.

“However, the remarks that trailed the ticket, including insinuations and allegations linking Shettima to the formation, growth and deadly destruction by the Boko Haram group is condemnable and mischievous,” Sani said in a statement.


Despite several reports and reactions, linking Shettima to the activities of Boko Haram while he was Borno State governor, none of the allegations has been proved.

Hence, there is no sufficient evidence to back the claim that the Senator was dining with alleged Boko Haram members as depicted in the viral photo.

WHY WE FACT-CHECKED THIS: Following the several claims by supporters and adversaries of presidential and their vice presidential candidates aimed at improving and impairing the reputation of candidates. CDD fact-checked this claim to provide Nigerians with the facts to avoid swaying the votes of Nigerians on the basis of fake news.

West Africa’s coup d’états: Impacts and Implications

By Blog, Conflict, CoupNo Comments

In August 2020, Mali’s democratic government was overthrown by the military. A second coup, in May the following year, saw Colonel Assimi Goïta take full control of the transitional authority. But the elongated transitional period proposed raised concern among democracy watchers in the region. Concerns that have only grown following coup d’états in Guinea, Burkina Faso and the apparent attempt by security forces to oust the elected government of Guinea-Bissau in early 2022. This series of articles offers some reflections on the impacts and implications of these events at both domestic and regional levels.

The first piece, by Idayat Hassan, highlights how coups in the region cannot be disconnected from the failure of governance which continue to be beset by an inability to address insecurity, tackle corruption or deliver comprehensive socio-economic benefits to their citizens. Gilles Olakounlé Yabi asks what more the Economic Community of West African States could be doing to proactively reduce the risk of military interventions in politics in the region. He argues that for the regional body to be a more effective defender of democracy, it must support member states to become more transparent and accountable to their citizens.

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FACT CHECK: Was Osun State Governor, Adegboyega Oyetola Attacked?

By Election, Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

CLAIM: Osun State Governor and candidate of All Progressives Congress (APC) Adegboyega Oyetola was attacked during his campaign in Osogbo, Osun state.


CONTEXT: On July 6, 2022, a video surfaced online, trending on several WhatsApp groups, particularly WhatsApp groups connected to Osun State. The trending video, which is still being circulated on July 13, 2022, claimed that the Osun State Governor and candidate of All Progressives Congress (APC) Adegboyega Oyetola was attacked during his campaign in Osogbo, the Osun state capital. In the video, several young people were seen, throwing stones and other objects at the convoy believed to be that of the Governor.

VERIFICATION: Investigations carried out by CDD fact-checkers using the InVid video tool yielded no results. The video was put on the deepware to see if the image has been altered in any way and the result came out inconclusive. However, an in-depth examination of the video led to a deep dive into the online space, and findings revealed that the amateur video first appeared online on October 17, 2020. This was during the #EndSARS protest nationwide, including in Osogbo Osun state. As reports had documented, the protest in Osogbo, like elsewhere, hoodlums had hijacked the process, leading to the attack on the convoy of the Governor, Adegboyega Oyetola. The video was used on several credible news platforms including Channels Television, TVC and other print media, prior to its resurfacing on July 6, 2022, ahead of the Osun state gubernatorial elections scheduled to hold on Saturday, July 16, 2022.

CONCLUSION: CDD fact-checkers can confirm that the Osun State Governor and candidate of All Progressives Congress (APC) Adegboyega Oyetola was not attacked during his campaign in Osogbo. The trending video is old and is being circulated as though, it has just happened.

CDD is urging members of the public, particularly residents and voters in Osun state to be conscious of political and electoral disinformation and misinformation. If you must share any news report, do read beyond the headlines, and independently verify the story before sharing.

WHY WE FACT CHECKED THIS: The Osun election of July 16 just like every election is filled with fake news in the information space, aimed at swaying voters. CDD fact-checked this claim to provide facts to civilians and debunk claims that could manipulate voters

FACT CHECK: Were the Delegates Sent to UK Over Ekweremadu’s Case Arrested?

By Fact Check, Fake NewsNo Comments

CLAIM: Delegates sent to UK over Ekweremadu’s case arrested.

Verdict: False

Context: On Thursday, a high-powered Nigerian delegation was at the Westminster Court in London for the trial of Ike Ekweremadu, former Deputy Senate President. A Twitter user claimed that members of the delegation were arrested. The post, which has gone viral, reads, “Breaking news: Delegates sent from Nigeria by the FG to get a lawyer that will defend Ike Ekweremadu, have all been arrested by the UK government.

“All the delegates sent were arrested, UK government narrated those delegates sent were on the UK wanted list for sponsoring Boko Haram.”

Verification: Investigation of the claim by our partners at Daily Trust, revealed that the claim is misleading as the Twitter user claimed that the Senate sent a delegation to get a lawyer for Ekweremadu. However, the Senate sent members of its committee on foreign affairs to find out more details on the case.

Why We Checked This: The law suit against Ike Ekweremadu, former Deputy Senate President of Nigeria on the count of organ harvesting in the UK has caused a social media uproar and as such brought about several fake news. CDD fact checked this claim to give the people the facts on the case.