Northwest Nigeria’s Bandit Problem: Explaining the conflict drivers 

Nigeria is suffering from a devastating criminal insurgency in its northwestern states. Thousands of militants, known colloquially as bandits, have taken over swathes of the countryside, using military-grade weaponry to rustle cattle, terrorise communities, stage mass kidnappings for ransom, and overrun security forces. The conflict is liable to have immense long-term impacts on the socioeconomic …

Multiple Nodes,Common Causes: National Stocktake of Contemporary Insecurity and State Responses in Nigeria 

The Nigerian body politic faces a seeming epidemic of insecurity spanning jihadist insurgency, criminal banditry, farmer-herder conflicts, and violent separatist agitations. While governmental responses have overwhelming followed a militarised path to resolving these multifaceted conflicts, such interventions do not appear to have substantially diminished insecurity.