Three Decades of Democratic Transition in Africa
The Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) on 9th of February, 2018, held a forum themed “Three Decades of Democratic Transition in Africa”, at the Sheraton Hotels and Towers in Abuja. The event was chaired by Professor Attahiru Jega, former Chairman of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), while Professors, Jibrin Ibrahim, Ibrahim Abdullah and Jaenette Eno and Boubacar Ndiaye served as discussants. The trajectory of multi-party democracy in the last 30 years was traced and the forum concluded that countries fall into three strands of democracy in Africa. One, countries working towards true democracy; two, hybrid democracies, these are countries practicing a hybrid of democracy and authoritarianism, these countries follow the tenets of democracies but are authoritarian when relevant for their cause and finally the authoritarian states who are now conducting elections as a means of legitimatizing themselves in office. The integrity of elections was also identified as a factor that will play a key role in the stability and sustainability of democracy in Africa.